Tharaka Nithi County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for September 2021

Situation Report
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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators
 No rainfall was recorded during the month of September which was normal compared to the long term average for September. Status of water sources was below normal and the situation was deteriorating. Disruption of water supply was frequent in homes due to rationing occasioned by low water volumes in rivers which is the main source for piped water system.
 Household water distance and watering distance from grazing area increased due to water shortage.
 The overall vegetation cover across the County declined followed by deterioration in pasture and browse due to slow regeneration caused by prolonged dry spell.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production Indicators
 Livestock body condition was poor and deteriorating while food stocks at household levels was below normal and declining due to poor harvest. Markets operation was normal for both livestock and food commodities but the situation is likely to deteriorate due to high food commodity prices and low livestock prices.

Access Indicators
 Household water distance was above normal due to below normal status of water sources. Milk production and consumption was low but within the normal range.

Utilization Indicators
 Following all the above prevailing conditions, the overall drought phase in September was at alert and the condition was worsening.