Tharaka Nithi County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for September 2019
Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification
Weather condition for September remained dry and hot. Acute water scarcity was witnessed in most areas. Water flow in Permanent Rivers remained low while most seasonal rivers and boreholes were dry.
The 3months cumulative vegetation cover across the County showed below normal condition which was similar for pasture and browse.
Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)
Livestock body condition continue to reduce from that of previous months due to reduction in pasture and browse. Cattle were greatly affected due to insufficient pasture especially in the Marginal Mixed Farming Zone of Gatunga and Chakariga Wards.
Food Stock at households’ level was low with a reducing trend due to high food commodity prices which continued to increase.
School dropout cases was still high in Secondary and primary schools due to the worsening drought situation.
Livestock prices continued to decrease while food commodity prices increased. Household water distance was high with acute shortage been experienced in Marginal Mixed Farming Zones. However ongoing water trucking by NDMA was a reprieve to most institutions and households.
Milk production and consumption was low with a reducing trend leading to increased malnutrition cases.
Percentages of children at risk of malnutrition increased due to low food stock at Household level.
Following all the above prevailing conditions, the overall drought phase in September was still at Alarm with a deteriorating trend.