Kenya

Tana River District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, November 2006

Attachments

Situation Overview.

Substantial amounts of rain were reported in all parts of the district ranging between 80mm to 200mm

The water situation has drastically improved with all water sources currently accumulating adequate amounts of water.

Vegetation on the other hand has also remarkably improved an all parts of the district.

Livestock body and health conditions reported to be improving. Tsetse and worms infestation were however observed in most areas of the district.

The district is currently experiencing disastrous floods, which have left, more than 100,000 people directly affected.

Though the environmental conditions have improved, the food security is still alarming owing to the current flood situation, which has swept about 60% of the crop in the farm fields.

The nutritional status based on the MUAC for the under fives recorded a tremendous improvement.

The rift between the Orma and Wardei community members has escalated to conflict as already 2 incidences of violent clashes have been reported in parts of Bura division living at least 3 people dead, a number of injuries and houses set ablaze.

Recommendations to DSG/KFSSG

There is need to step up conflict resolution mechanisms in the Orma and Wardei communities so as to avert likely clashes which may spread district wide.

Food and Non-food aid should be enhanced as the recent floods that washed away the existing crops and eroded the traditional coping mechanisms has hampered recovery expected from the short rains.

Current interventions

Non-Food Aid

Water tracking to Madogo flood victims

Construction of pit latrines

Water treatment

Provision of tents and tauplines.

Supply of mosquito nets

Supply of blankets

Food Aid.

Emergency food operations still going on in 6 divisions

Supplementary feeding.

Food for work activities.

Food aid to flood victims.

DSG meeting

The District Steering Group meeting was held on 27th November 2006 and came up with the following

Urgently consider airlifting of food and non food items to the marooned areas of the district.

Provide shelter to flood affected victims who are currently camping outside institutions and church compounds

Provision of seeds to farming families in good time to effectively make use of the receding floods

1. ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS (STABILITY)

1.1 Rainfall

During the month, substantial amounts of rain were reported in all parts of the district.

Records from the existing stations recorded average rainfall figures ranging from 80mm (in the pastoral zone) to 200mm in the riverine and delta areas.

1.2 Condition of natural vegetation and pasture.

Compared to last reporting period, there was a remarkable improvement on the condition of vegetation.

The pasture and browse have regenerated while the large trees turned green.

The vegetation is rated adequate while the condition rated normal compared to the seasonal norm for this time of the year.

Distances to grazing areas have drastically reduced to less than 5km from 15km - 20km reported in the preceding months this is because the livestock have migrated back to normal traditional grazing areas near the settlements.

1.3 Water Sources and Availability

The water situation has drastically improved in all parts of the district, as all the water sources have accumulated adequate amounts of water. The seasonal rivers (lagas) are also draining substantial amounts of water while some have burst their banks and flooding most areas of the hinterland.

The situation is rated normal compared to same season in a normal year, however, in the marginal and mixed faring zones disastrous floods were reported and this was attributed to the release of the hydroelectric power generating dams upstream.

Compared to last reporting period distances to water sources both for domestic and livestock substantially decreased as water is now readily available within the settlements

1.4 Emerging Issues.

1.4.1 Insecurity/conflict /human displacement

Human/wildlife conflict in terms of crop destruction, livestock predation and human attacks continued to be reported.

The district is experiencing disastrous floods which has left 3 people dead, more than 100,000 people directly affected while destruction on crops is estimated at 60%. Efforts by all stakeholders are being carried out to arrest the situation in terms of salvaging those marooned, provision of shelter, food, drugs, and other essential facilities.

The rift between the Orma and Wardei community members has escalated and threatening the security situation in the district as already 2 incidences of violent clashes have been reported in parts of Bura division living at least 3 people dead, a number of injuries, houses and business stalls set ablaze.

1.4.2 Migration

No unusual cases of migrations were reported.

1.5 Implications on food security

The favourable range resources is expected to improve the livestock body conditions therefore the milk yield and stabilize the livestock prices which is expected to contribute towards the improvement of the agro-pastoralists food security.

The flood situation earlier reported is however a draw back to the food security as it has wiped out all the crops and eroded the traditional coping strategies. In the affected communities meaningful recovery is expected in the next 5 to 6 months from now.

2.0 RURAL ECONOMY INDICATORS (FOOD AVAILABILITY)

2.1 Livestock Production

2.1.1 Livestock body condition

Livestock body and health conditions are rated to be improving district wide.

This is an anticipated situation during such seasons in a normal year as the range resources become favourable the body conditions are also expected to improve.

2.1.2 Livestock diseases

Apart from Tsetse, Worms and Ticks infestation observed in most parts of the district during the month, no outstanding diseases reported.

The rains affected the ongoing vaccination and de-worming campaigns.

2.1.3 Milk production

Compared to last reporting period, the milk production has increased

The yield is however below the expected norm for this time of the year.

This may be due to low birth rates of all livestock species resulting from long drought spells the animals have been going through.

Currently high milk yield is being experienced in the mixed farming zone (this area has been receiving better rains earlier than the rest of the areas), however the yield is expected to further improve in the pastoral zone, as most livestock are currently concentrated in these areas.