Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for September 2018

Situation Report
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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicator

The County is currently continues to experience Normal vegetation conditions according to the Early Warning System classification.


  • The county received normal off seasonal showers in this month recording 5.0 mm.

  • The vegetation condition. The 3-month VCI shows that the County is experiencing an above normal vegetation greenness in this month recording 70.42. The values decreased in this month when compared to the previous month where the VCI was at 76.06. All the Sub Counties also recorded an above normal vegetation greenness in this month.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators

  • Approximately 30% of the livestock are currently along River Tana while 60% of the herds have migrated towards the delta region.

  • The browse and pasture condition in the county is currently fair and worsening.

  • The livestock body condition for both grazers and browsers are good.

  • Milk production at household level reduced to 2.6 litres compared to that of the last month where the amount was at 3.2 litres. The milk production is above the normal average of 2.22 litres.

Access indicators

  • The average milk consumption in the county slightly increased to 2.1 litres compared to the last month which was at 2 litre. Milk consumption is currently above the normal 2012-2017 average of 1.8.

  • The average livestock distance to the water sources remained below the normal at 8.8 km in this month. When compared to the last month where it was at 6.6 km.
    The return distance increased in this month.

Utilization indicators

The percentage of children under the risk of malnutrition in this month was at 9% compared to that of August which was at 11%. The percentage reduced in this month.
This is attributed to the availability of food stocks from the recent harvests.