Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for October 2016


Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicator

The County is currently experiencing major vegetation deficit with Tana North (Bura) Sub County being the worst hit by the current dry spell. Extensive vegetation depletion and water scarcity have been experienced in the county.

  • No major rain has been received in the county by the fourth week of October except light showers received along the coastal areas of Kipini On average, the county received 4.8 mm.

  • The vegetation condition. The 3-month VCI indicates that the County is experiencing moderate vegetation greenness for this month in comparison to same time previous years recording a VCI of 32.83. Currently the state of water sources is at 2 in the county. This is below normal ranges during this time of the year.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators

  • Livestock migrated to the dry season fall-back areas of Tana delta and also towards the neighbouring counties; Kitui, Kilifi, Garissa and Ijara.

  • Livestock deaths due to drought conditions were reported in all over the county, particularly in Bangale, wayu, Daba, Waldena and Assa.

  • Livestock body condition continues to deteriorate in all livelihood zones.

  • Milk production at household level has dropped to below the normal range at 6.75 litres.

Access indicators

  • Milk consumption at household level was below normal at 4.5 litres.

  • The average distance from the grazing areas to the water points was above normal at 15.5km.

Utilization indicators

The malnutrition status of children under the age of 5 years who are at risk remained high at 12 % for the second month.