Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for March 2017


Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

The County continues experiencing severe vegetation deficit from the ongoing dry spell. Generally, vegetation cover in the county is below normal.


  • No major rains received in March. On average the county received negligible amounts at 17.1 mm.

  • The vegetation condition. The 3-month VCI indicates that the County is experiencing severe vegetation deficit for this month in comparison to same time of previous years recording a VCI of 14.16.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators

  • 80% of the livestock which were in Tana Delta have migrated into Lamu County around Pangani, Mukunumbi and Koreni. The other stocks have remained in the hinterlands of Waldena, Assa and Lakole.

  • Pasture and browse conditions remains poor.

  • Livestock body condition is poor.

  • Milk production at household level remained below the normal range at 1.6litres.
    Access indicators

  • Milk consumption at household level reduced and is below normal at 1.3litres.

  • The average livestock distance to the water sources was above normal at 13.4 km.

Utilization indicators

The nutrition status of the children under 5 years remains poor. The percentage of children who are at risk increased to 20.1%. The percentage of children who were at Mid at Risk Category (125 - 134mm) increased to 22.2 %, those who were at Moderate Category (115-124mm) reduced to 9.9% and those in the Severe Category (<115mm) increased to9.1% in this month. The poor nutritional status is attributed to low milk production and also failure of farm crops that resulted to poor agricultural production in the livelihood zones.