Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for January 2017

Situation Report
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Biophysical Indicator

The County is currently experiencing severe vegetation deficit due to the poor performance of the OND seasonal rains. Generally, vegetation cover in the county is below normal.


  • No major rains received in January. On average the county received negligible amounts at 0.8 mm.
  • The vegetation condition. The 3-month VCI indicates that the County is experiencing severe vegetation deficit for this month in comparison to same time of previous years recording a VCI of 16.65.

Production indicators

  • Most of the livestock population are currently in the hinterlands. Livestock migration from Tana delta continues due to extreme depletion of pasture and browse.
  • Pasture and browse conditions are generally poor.
  • Livestock body condition remains fair.
  • Milk production at household level remained poor in this month and was below the normal range at 2.7 litres.

Access indicators

  • Milk consumption at household level was below normal at 2.4 litres.
  • The average livestock distance to the water sources was above normal at 10 km.

Utilization indicators

The nutrition status of the children under 5 years remains poor. The percentage of children who are at risk increased to 19.6%. The percentage of children who were at Mid at Risk Category (125 - 134mm)recorded 12.4% of the population, those who were at Moderate Category (115-124mm) were 7.3% and those in the Severe Category (<115mm) were 0.2% in this month. The poor nutritional status is attributed to low milk production and also failure of farm crops that resulted to poor agricultural production in the livelihood zones.