Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for December 2020

Situation Report
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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Drought Phase:Normal-STABLE

Biophysical Indicators
• Biophysical indicators are showing negative trends towards the expected seasonal ranges.
• Below average amount of rainfall were received in the month of December 2020.
• The December Vegetation Condition Index values for Tana North-Bura sub-county are below normal and indicating moderate drought.
• The Water levels in most water pans were below normal at 3(25%-55%) in Pastoral and Marginal mixed livelihood zones.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators:
• The forage condition is fair in pastoral but fair to good in mixed and marginal mixed livelihoods in both quality and quantity.
• Livestock body condition is good in mixed and fair to good in marginal mixed and pastoral livelihood zones.
• Milk production stablelised at 3.9 litres across the livelihood zones. This is attributed to fair to good forage and pasture conditions.
• minimal Livestock migrations were reported towards the fall back grazing fields.

Access indicators • Terms of trade are currently above normal range.
• Distances to water sources for households
currently stable compared to normal.

Utilization indicators:
• The number of under-fives at risk of malnutrition stood at 16.4%, which is above normal at this time of the year.
• Copping strategy index for households is within normal ranges but on a worsening trend.