Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for December 2016


Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicator

The County is currently experiencing severe vegetation deficit due to the poor performance of the OND seasonal rains. Generally, extensive vegetation has not regenerated to the normal and most parts of the county remain bare.


  • The rains received in this month were below the normal average. The temporal and spatial distribution was also poor. On average the county received 8.83 mm of rainfall.

  • The vegetation condition. The 3-month VCI indicates that the County is experiencing severe vegetation deficit for this month in comparison to same time of previous years recording a VCI of 13.92.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators

  • Livestock migration from the fall back areas to the hinterlands has increased. This is because much of the OND rains were received in the hinterlands (Tana North)

  • Pasture regeneration was below the normal quality and amount.

  • Livestock body condition remains fair.

  • Milk production at household level remained poor in this month and was below the normal range at 2.5 litres.

Access indicators

  • Milk consumption at household level was below normal at 1.7 litres.
    The average return distance to the water sources was above normal at 7.1km.

Utilization indicators

The nutrition status of the children under 5 years remains poor. The percentage of children who were at Mid at Risk Category (125 - 134mm)recorded 12.1% of the population, those who were at Moderate Category (115-124mm) were 3.2% and those in the Severe Category (<115mm) were 3.4% in this month. the poor nutritional status is attributed to low milk production and also failure of farm crops that resulted to poor agricultural production in the livelihood zones.