Tana River County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for April 2017


Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicator

The County is currently experiencing severe vegetation deficit, this is as a result of poor seasonal long rains. Generally, vegetation cover in the county is poor and continues to worsen.


  • The rainfall received in this month was poor. On average the county received negligible amounts at an average of 11.73 mm.

  • The vegetation condition. The 3-month VCI indicates that the County continues to experience severe vegetation deficit recording 12.78 in this month. In comparison to the previous month where the VCI was at 14.16, the vegetation condition continues to deteriorate.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

Production indicators

  • 80% of the livestock in Tana River County migrated to and remain in Tana Delta and Lamu County around Pangani, Mukunumbi and Koreni. The other stocks have remained in the hinterlands of Waldena, Assa and Lakole.

  • Pasture and browse conditions remains poor.

  • Livestock body condition also remains poor.

  • Milk production at household level remained below the normal range at 2.0 litres compared to the last month’s amounts which was at 1.6 litres.

Access indicators

  • Milk consumption at household level slightly increased to 1.7 compared to the last month where it was at 1.3, milk consumption remains below normal.

  • The average livestock distance to the water sources remains above normal at 13.1 km compared to the last month where it was at 13.4km. The return distance remains high compared to the normal distance of 6.2km.

Utilization indicators

The percentage of children under the risk of malnutrition within in April increased to 16.07 compared to that of March which was at 13.7. The poor nutritional status is attributed to low milk production and poor agricultural production in the livelihood zones.