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Somalia - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #5, Fiscal Year (FY) 2007

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

NOTE: The last fact sheet was dated January 19, 2007.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

- Ethiopian forces began withdrawing from Somalia on January 23, starting with 200 soldiers formerly stationed at Mogadishu airport, according to international media. On January 19, U.N. and African Union officials met in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to discuss deployment of a protection force to Somalia.

- On January 24, four mortars struck the Mogadishu airport. As a result, the U.N. has temporarily suspended U.N. Common Air Services (UNCAS) flights into Mogadishu. Continued fighting, roadblocks, and targeted attacks against Ethiopian and Transitional Federal Government forces in Mogadishu and southern and central Somalia have created a challenging operating environment for emergency relief activities.

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE (FY 2006 AND FY 2007)

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Somalia: $10,679,305

USAID/FFP(1) Assistance to Somalia: $92,900,000

State/PRM(2) Assistance to Somalia: $4,520,000

USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Somalia: $108,099,305

CURRENT SITUATION

Humanitarian Access

- Insecurity, roadblocks, and the Kenya-Somalia border closure continue to hamper transportation of humanitarian staff and relief supplies into and within southern Somalia. The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) continues to negotiate with Government of Kenya and Somalia's Transitional Federal Government authorities for improved access into Somalia.

- According to the Nairobi-based USG Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART), UNCAS has resumed regular flights to Waajid airport in Bakool Region and Baydhaba airport in Bay Region. The U.N. is reviewing security and landing conditions at additional airstrips, including Kismaayo, Jowhar, and Belet Weyne, in order to expand access to flood and conflict-affected populations in southern and central Somalia.

Displacement

- Population movements from recent conflict remain limited. On January 25, the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that conflict and general instability in Mogadishu have displaced approximately 1,000 people in January. The recently displaced have moved to several areas throughout Somalia, including Baydhaba in Bay Region, Galkacyo in Mudug Region, Dhoblei in Lower Juba Region, and Bossaso, Bari Region.

- On January 24, humanitarian agencies distributed emergency relief supplies to displaced persons gathered in Dhoblei. The commodities, provided by Oxfam and USG partners UNHCR and the U.N. Children's Fund (UNICEF), included sleeping mats, plastic sheeting, kitchen sets, blankets, water containers, and soap.

- On January 24, the first of two scheduled UNHCR flights departed Mombasa airport in Kenya for Galkacyo with plastic sheeting for displaced persons.

Health

- On January 23, laboratory tests in Nairobi confirmed the first human case of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in Somalia. The sample was collected from Marare Hospital in Jilib District, Middle Juba Region. From December 12 to January 17, the U.N. World Health Organization (WHO) reported a total of 84 suspected RVF cases, including 49 deaths in Somalia. As of January 24, no animal samples from Somalia had been tested or confirmed for RVF.

- The DART is in close communication with the Somalia RVF Task Force and attends weekly meetings to assess potential response activities in Somalia.

Emergency Operations

- Ongoing insecurity continues to hamper program monitoring and long-range response planning. The DART January 23 that most USAID partners maintain operations to assist drought, flood, and conflict-affected populations through Somali national staff, despite restricted access and some delays.

- As of January 23, the U.N. does not anticipate issuing a Flash Appeal or a revised 2007 Consolidated Appeals related to the conflict, according to the DART. Support for displaced and vulnerable populations and flood recovery remain the response priorities for 2007. Additionally, protection is becoming a priority sector.

Notes:

(1) USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)

(2) U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)