Situation Report of Effects of the El Niño Rains (2nd December 2015)

Situation Report
Originally published
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Since the onset of the October - November - December (O-N-D) rains season, most parts of the country have experienced heavy rainfall. These areas include parts of Western Kenya, parts of Rift valley, Central highlands including Nairobi, parts of Southeastern lowlands, and the Coastal region. The rains have mainly been driven by the evolving El Niño condition in the Pacific Ocean coupled with the warming of the Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) in the western Equatorial Indian Ocean (known as the Indian Ocean Dipole) that is favorable for enhanced rainfall in East Africa including Kenya (KMS). Due to this, a number of effects have been experienced in different areas as detailed below;

Effects of the rains

The heavy rains experienced in different parts of the country resulted in floods and landslides/ mudslides, which have so far affected 35,565 HHs and further displaced 12,398HHs. These figures are likely to change as assessments are ongoing in different parts of the country.

Further effects of the rains include damage to at least 16 schools, destruction of unconfirmed acreage of crops especially in Mt. Elgon, Kirinyaga, Narok, Busia, Kisumu, Tana River and Trans Nzoia counties. To date thousands of livestock (to include cows, goats, sheep and donkeys mainly in Samburu, Marsabit, Narok, Isiolo and Laikipia counties) have been swept away by the floods further affecting the livelihoods of already vulnerable populations. Infrastructural damages have also been reported (damage to road and bridges) in parts of Mt. Elgon region, Tana River, Marsabit, Isiolo, Mandera, Wajir and Nandi counties.