Kenya + 1 more

Rapid assessment: Garissa District/Dadaab refugee camps


Key Messages

• The food security of newly arriving refugees has improved over the last several weeks, after the establishment of reception centers providing food, water, sanitation and health services for refugees at the point of entry into Dadaab Camp (Figure 1), prior to registration. Nonetheless, substantial needs exist, particularly in water, sanitation, medical attention, and shelter.

• Total refugees number over 375,000 (300,000 long‐term refugees and about 75,000 arrivals in 2011) and are increasing daily, far exceeding capacities of the three Dadaab camps (Dagahaley, Hagardhere, and Ifo). The food security and health status of new arrivals remains worrisome because many are weakened after trekking extended distances from Somalia into Kenya. Needs will continue to increase until the influx of refugees stabilizes or halts.

• Food insecurity is classified at Emergency levels (IPC Phase 4) for the refugee populations, although substantial interventions are moderating the situation.

• Host communities in Garissa District (Figure 1), which are also at Emergency food insecurity levels, are vulnerable to deterioration in food security as drought conditions intensify.
Prospects for improvement are compromised by a severely degraded agroecology that may not fully support vegetation, even in the event of a good season.

• Although rates of Global Acute Malnutrition in Garissa are 16.2 percent (measured using Weight for Height), they are significantly lower than in other pastoral districts. However, the northern pastoral areas of Garissa district are severely drought‐affected and continued monitoring is recommended.