Project Performance Assessment Report : Kenya - Agricultural Productivity Program KAPP I AND II



This is a Project Performance Assessment Report (PPAR) of phases I (P082396) and II (P109683) of the two-phase, 11-year Kenya Agricultural Productivity Program (KAPP). The second phase (KAPP II) is referred to as the Kenya Agricultural Productivity and Agribusiness Program (KAPAP). The projects were approved by the World Bank’s Executive Board on June 17, 2004, and June 11, 2009, respectively. The estimated appraisal cost of the first phase was $70.37 million. The actual cost was $78.87 million, including $28.34 million of International Development Association (IDA) credit, a $13.7 million IDA grant, and $36.83 million of government finance. The estimated cost of the second phase at appraisal was $98.58 million. The actual cost was $70.31 million: $65.95 million of IDA credit; $3.79 million of government financing; and $0.57 million provided by the beneficiary communities.

This report was commissioned to assess the development results and outcomes of the projects, and to document the experiences and lessons from the innovative institutional and policy reforms carried out to accelerate agricultural productivity growth and commercialization of smallholder agriculture in Kenya. The sequential implementation of two projects offered an opportunity to assess the extent to which certain institutional and policy reforms—to bring pluralism in the agricultural extension system and increase the performance of the agricultural research system—have contributed to crop-livestock productivity growth. It also allows evaluation of whether the changes introduced are likely to be sustained.

The evaluation employed mixed approaches to generate evidence, including desk review of literature and project documentation (Implementation Completion and Results Reports, project appraisal documents, legal and project files, the midterm and end evaluation); interviews with World Bank and project staff and other stakeholders; data analysis; and field interviews of farmer beneficiaries. A summary of the data collection and analysis methods is provided in Appendix E.

The Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) thanks the World Bank management and staff and the KAPP management team in Kenya, as well as the many stakeholders interviewed for facilitating a highly collaborative and informative mission. Following standard IEG procedures, a copy of the draft PPAR was sent to relevant government officials and agencies for their review. The feedback summarized in Appendix M was considered in the finalization of this report.