Kenya

Operations Update: Kenya - Floods update No. 13


This Information Bulletin (no. 13/2006-2007) reflects the information available at this time. This is a continuation of floods reporting since 17th November 2006.

The Situation

Rains have subsided in many parts of the country. 144 people have died due to the floods, with the long-term effects of the floods now impacting heavily on the communities. This includes the outbreak of the Rift Valley Fever (RVF), which has now claimed about 95 lives according to media reports. In the areas affected by the floods the disaster response has moved from the emergency phase to the relief and recovery phase.

North Eastern Province

Garissa, Ijara and Tana River Districts have experienced very little rainfall in the last two weeks. All major roads are now passable, although there are areas in Ijara District and Fafi division that are still cut off by the floods.

Rift Valley Province

In early January 2007, West Pokot experienced heavy downpour that caused havoc in parts of the District. The most affected area is Sondany Location in Tapach Division where most maize farms were swept away by the landslides. Some homesteads and stores containing harvested maize have also been swept away by floods, along with livestock. Four lives were lost and an estimated 500 people have been affected in this area. The roads in the area were also badly affected especially from Tapach centre.

According to the media, one man drowned as he crossed a River Keyiani and a school marooned as heavy rains continue to wreak havoc in Trans-Mara District. In Taveta Division, Taita Taveta District, more than 200 pupils from the Lotima Primary School are ferried to school by canoes as the school has been marooned following heavy rains in Mt. Kilimanjaro areas in the past one week. River Lumi, in the area, has also burst its banks, worsening the flooding.

Red Cross Action Relief Intervention

The National Society continued to conduct relief operations to the affected communities, though conducting assessments have been difficult in some areas due to poor and inaccessible roads. Over 65,300kgs of rice, 1,104kgs of maize flour, 35,500kgs of beans, 11,172 litres of cooking oil and 124,425kgs of unimix have been distributed in Garissa, Tana River and Ijara districts.

In addition, the National Society has provided farm implements so as to assist the Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in camps within the above sector.

On 6th January 2007, the National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) coordinated the safe rescue of 46 families marooned at Malkaloni area of Tana River District and later settled them in a camp with the help of local elders. In Wajir, the National Society provided unimix to those who were affected by the floods. In Ijara, the National Society distributed non-food items in Masalani. The National Society distributed non-food items in Garissa, Ijara and Tana River to 9,583 displaced families as shown in the table below:

S/No
District
Families
Tarpaulins
Blankets
Jerricans
Kitchen Sets
Mosquito Nets
Soap
Family Kits (donated by UNICEF)
1
Garissa
5470
1,326
2,690
1,512
1,759
2,576
2,483
1,857
2
Tana River
3463
2341
5335
4079
2266
4465
2471
178
3
Ijara
650
450
492
680
410
1000
1130
150
Total
9,583
4,117
8,517
6,271
4,435
8,041
6,084
2,185

WatSan

The WatSan team has been working around the clock to provide all IDP camps with portable water, while promoting safe hygiene and sanitation and at the same. To date, six latrines have been set up in Garissa and 16 in the Bura areas of Tana River. Eight refuse pits have also been constructed in Garissa and two in Tana River. The local communities are engaging themselves in the construction of more latrines and bathrooms with support of the National Society's volunteers. The Spanish Red Cross team is undertaking water treatment in Bura and has been distributing the water to the camps in Bura with support from the District Commissioner (DC) of Tana River.

Health

The Emergency Response Units are still conducting medical camps in the different IDP camps in Bura and Hola divisions of Tana River District. 8,668 patients have been attended to during the 39 visits the teams have conducted. The National Society has also donated medical equipment to the Provincial and District hospitals in a bid to compliment the government efforts in controlling the RVF outbreak.

Medical facilities donated by the National Society
Surgical masks
100 pcs
Dust masks
100 pcs
Surgical gloves
86 pairs
White coats (cotton)
10 pcs
Infusion Fluids
20 bottles
Knap sack
1 pc
Syringes
88 pcs (disposable)
Protective gowns
40 pcs
Beds
24
Tents for the special ward
4
Knap sack sprayers
10 Pcs
Pymos pesticide
25 (20 ltrs Jerricans)
latex gloves
5,000 Pcs
Alum chemical
1 Sack (80 kgs)
Icon spray
128 Satchets
Infusion Solution
2832 Bottles ( 500 ml)
Infusion Solution
3525 Bottles ( 1,000 ml)
Paediatrics Medication
12 boxes (Assorted)
Oral Rehydration salts
22,500 Satchets
Basic ER Health Kits
3 Kits

As of 6th January 2007, the Finnish Red Cross and the German Red Cross had attended to over 7,532 medical cases as below:

Diseases
Total
Malaria
1,430
Diarrhoeal Diseases
548
Pneumonia
216
Other Respiratory Disease
1,705
Anaemia
102
Dysentery
68
Intestinal Worms
274
STI
43
UTI
153
Eye Infections
182
Ear Infections
176
Meningitis
2
Infectious Hepatitis
1
Bilharzia
198
Malnutrition
4
Dis. Of Circulatory System
29
Sexual Assault
4
Dental Disorder
42
Skin Diseases
505
Rheumatism, Joint Pain
238
Burns
6
Bites
3
Accidents, Fractures
20
TB
10
Typhoid Fever
11
Rheumatic Fever
2
Diabetes
1
Gastritis/Peptic Ulcer
250
MCH Antenatal and Postnatal Care
424
All Other Diseases
694
No abnormal findings
191
Totals
7,532

The National Society will be facilitating the Ministry of Health (MoH) outreach teams in Garissa during the second phase of their RVF community mobilisation and ITN distribution.

Personnel and logistics

There are only three members out of the six NDRT members currently in the mission. The National Society is currently engaging 48 volunteers on a full time basis so as to assist in the intervention. Eight M621 trucks are in use and are operating within the region, while two are undergoing repairs.

Eight land cruisers and two hired vehicles are providing support in Bura and Hola as follows:

GRCS/KRCS Medical team - 2 land cruisers (Bura)

FRCS/KRCS Medical team - 2 land cruisers (Hola)

WATSAN team - 2 land cruisers (Bura/GRS)/ 2 Twin cabs – GRS (Hired)

Relief coordination - 2 land cruisers (Bura/GRS)


Relief Food items distributed by the National Society as of 16th January 2007
Branches
Water (Litres)
Maize Floor (Kg)
Unimix
(Kg)
Beans (Kg)
Tinned Fish
Rice (Kg)
Oil (Litres)
Mt. Elgon
132
Mombasa
3,186
150,000
Funyula
1,998
9,984
1,998
960
Isiolo
72
12,192
20,000
1,070
660
Garsen
342
Kisumu
157,000
Eldoret
125,000
Kwale
50,000
Meru
660
Garissa
1,200
22,176
450
300
660
Total
6,798
44,352
502,000
3,518
132
300
2,940

Relief Non-Food items distributed by the National Society as of 16th January 2007
Branch
Blanket
Kitchen Set
Jerry Can
Tarpaulin
Soap
Chlorine Tablets
Bladder Tanks
Mosquito Net
Used Clothers (blaes)
Water Plant
Unit / spare filters
Life Jackets
Kwale
2,740
938
1,400
850
2,700
Kilifi
250
250
250
1,000
3
Lodwar
600
500
1,000
300
2,000
14,000
600
150
Nyeri
174
87
87
188
Elwak
800
320
400
576
168,000
800
Kisumu
6,200
3,181
4,033
4,020
10,661
560,000
2,500
73
Garissa
7,060
2,930
5,160
2,430
10,982
294,000
1,300
330
Meru
200
100
200
100
400
14,000
50
Thika
30
15
15
60
Mwingi
40
20
40
20
80
600
20
Garsen
4,125
1,800
3,996
2,300
9,625
84,000
800
3
2
Isiolo
1,325
1,000
2,000
780
4,000
Bura
2,500
1,250
2,490
1,250
2,500
Bungoma
200
100
200
100
14,000
200
Trans-
600
300
600
300
14,000
600
Nzoia
Mt. Elgon
300
150
300
150
300
Funyula
Malindi
1000
500
500
28000
500
Lamu
5
Uasin Gishu
1000
500
1000
500
14000
1000
Total
28,894
13,441
23,169
13,352
43,272
1,204,000
3
11,700
623
3
2
5

The National Society's Secretary General is currently on a mission to Lamu and Tana River districts with other stakeholders from the government and other organisations to assess the damage of the floods on the area. The National Society is currently organising a comprehensive livelihoods assessment to define the impact and magnitude of the floods on the livelihoods/food security of the affected communities in Garissa, Ijara, Tana River and Kwale districts of Kenya. The assessment will recommend appropriate relief and early recovery strategies aimed at restoring and maintaining livelihoods.

At the end of the assessment, a report will be developed with all the findings of the food security/livelihood assessment, which will include recommendations on livelihoods/food security assistance and also a proposal and plan of action with a clear objectives and activities targeting vulnerable groups.

The two-week assessment will commence on 22nd January 2007. This assessment will be done in collaboration with Ministry of Livestock and Fishery Development, Ministry of Agriculture, Arid Lands Project at field level, and International Federation's Regional Delegation in Nairobi.

Coordination

The GoK provided 1,300 bags of Rice, 700 bags of Beans and 600 cartons of Cooking oil. UNICEF donated all the Family Kits distributed by the National Society and also provided 14 water tanks with a capacity of 5,000ltrs to the team. Nine of these tanks have been dispatched to Tana River. The WFP, UNICEF and GoK line ministries have been very cooperative in their approach and easy to work with.

Floods coordination meetings are held frequently at the National Society's Headquarters. This information sharing meetings have greatly contributed to the overall outcome of the operation. The District Steering Group (DSG) team visited Wajir with Mosquito nets, Chlorine tablets and Jerricans and Kitchen sets items from UNICEF and OXFAM.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Abbas Gullet, Secretary General, Email: gullet.abbas@kenyaredcross.org.
Dr. Asha Mohamed, Deputy Secretary General, Email: mohamed.asha@kenyaredcross.org
Ahmed Abdi, Acting Head of Disaster Preparedness and Response, Email: abdi.ahmed@kenyaredcross.org
Anthony Mwangi, Public Relations Manager, Email: info@kenyaredcross.org