Kenya

Operations Update: Kenya - Floods update No. 12

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This Information Bulletin (no. 12/2007) reflects the information available at this time.

The Situation

Rains continue in the country albeit with lower force than before. Most of the areas that were initially under water are now drying up even though the terrain remains muddy making some areas inaccessible using small vehicles. In the western parts of the country and parts of Rift Valley province however, people are still feeling the brunt of the heavy rains as rainfall continues heavily. The death toll according to media reports has now gone up to 142 (deaths by RVF not included) from the initial number of 114.

Rift Valley Province

In Tinderet Division, of Nandi South district, one child drowned while crossing Kigwal River. The search for the body is still going on. Landslides have also occurred affecting the squatter population of around 215 families living in a former forest land. Landslides caused destruction before in the years 1990, 1994, 1997 and 2006. Approximately 100 families are camping in Chebirer and Cherondo Primary schools. These schools do not have adequate sanitary facilities and enough rooms to accommodate the displaced families. Some of these people move to their homes during day only to come back to the centres at night in fear that it may rain again. The local administration has warned them to stay away from their homes until the rains subside.

In West Pokot, due to heavy rains on the 29th of December, Tambach location was badly hit. Over 200 households were displaced and farms were destroyed. Residents were forced to move to neighbouring villages. The National Society has sent officers on the ground to assess the extent of the destruction.

Floods have been reported in Baringo and East Pokot affecting a total of 336 house holds and 286 households respectively.

In West Pokot, due to heavy rains on the 29th of December, Tambach location was badly hit. Over 200 households were displaced and farms were destroyed. Residents were forced to move to neighbouring villages. The National Society has sent officers on the ground to assess the extent of the destruction.

Floods have been reported in Baringo and East Pokot affecting a total of 336 house holds and 286 households respectively.

Nyanza Province

In Kolwa area, 2033 households have been affected due to the overflowing Lwanda River. The most affected areas are Chinga, Alara and Kolwa. The affected people are now camped at Bungu, Rweya, Anyuang, Alara and Nanga primary schools.

River Nyamasaria burst its banks and has made the Nairobi – Kisumu road impassable at that point. Vehicles moving to and from Kisumu are having a lot of problems trying to pass through the area. Orongo and Nyamasaria areas are the most affected by the flooding. The latrines in the area are filled with water creating fears of a disease outbreak. Already in the past two months, 500 cases of malaria and 50 cases of typhoid have been treated at Chinga health centre due to the poor weather. They have also recorded 10 cases of diarrhoea diseases and dysentery.

In Kisumu, rains are still continuing leaving most houses submerged or collapsed due to floods caused by heavy rains from Nandi hills. 13 families were displaced and are camped at Nanga primary school.

Eastern Province

In Isiolo, rains are still pounding the area causing parts of the town to be flooded. Three family members drowned while trying to cross a swollen stream in the area. The 20 year old mother is still missing and rescue efforts are still going on in an attempt to find the body. However, two of the family members were luckily rescued and are now in stable condition, in hospital recovering from their ordeal. One child also nearly drowned in the area but was successfully rescued. Most of the flooding is due to heavy rains in Meru Hills which are flowing to the Isiolo low lands

Isiolo River is flooded rendering roads impassable and a total of 250 families homeless. Six people died in the areas as a result of the floods. Two women died after drowning while crossing Isiolo River. On 5/01/07, two men drowned and were saved by a team from the National Society. However one of them died enroute to the hospital. On 6/01/07, a land cruiser was washed away killing a driver and an elderly woman on the spot. An elderly man was reported to have drowned in Malkafunan, but the body has not yet been found. Most houses have been damaged and farms totally marooned

In Mwingi, Manguva dam has burst its banks displacing over 300 households. Most houses have been submerged and crops destroyed. The most affected areas Ngutani and Migwani divisions.

Coast Province

Tana-river has burst its banks again affective approximately 46 families in Malkaloni area

Western Province

In Budalangi, the water level of River Nzoia has gone down and the communities have started rehabilitating the dykes. Families camping in schools are to be relocated to Churches and health centres

Red Cross Action

General Intervention

The National Society is conducting an assessment in Baringo and East Pokot to find out the extent of the damage by the floods. The National Society has responded in Malkaloni, Tana River by rescuing the 46 families marooned by the floods and distributing high energy biscuits, 46 tarpaulins, 46 kitchen sets, 184 pieces of soap, 92pcs of blankets, 92pcs of jerry cans.

In Isiolo, the National Society is conducting rescue activities for those who have drowned in the floods. 10,000 mosquito nets have also been distributed to the affected families. In Budalangi, the National Society is distributing unimix to the affected families while in Nyando district distribution of relief items is being carried out for 150 families.

In Mwingi the National Society is conducting an assessment to determine the extent of the damage by the floods. In Ijara which was initially cut off, the National Society has dispatched food items (350 bags of unimix, 12 bags beans, 13 cartons of cooking oil and 100 bags rice to Masalani to be distributed in the affected schools.

1) Water and Sanitation

Objective: Reduce the risk of waterborne and water related diseases through provision of sustained access to safe water, adequate sanitation and hygiene promotion as well as education services to 503,000 flood affected people.

Specific objective 1: Provide safe drinking water to SPHERE standards.

Progress to date;

1. Activity 1: Provide water purification tablets and sachets (aqua tabs, PuR and water maker) to 176,000 persons, for household level water treatment

Water purification tablets have been distributed in Garissa. Bura and Garsen

In Garsen, 24,000 sachets of PUR have been distributed in IDPs camps and 36,000 sachets in the villages. 8,200 tablets of aqua tabs have been distributed in the IDPs camps and 16,000 tablets in the villages. Communities accessing water from the rivers/streams (muddy water) are being given PUR which has both coagulation and disinfection properties whereas those accessing water from the shallow wells/boreholes (clear water) are being given aqua tabs.

2. Activity 2: Repair/maintain and support 30 damaged existing water systems serving 151,000 affected people (by providing spare parts, replacing damaged parts, providing emergency fuel and routine maintenance)-

Assessment is being carried out to establish the number of affected water systems and the nature of the repairs required

3. Activity 3: Conduct on site training for 46 water treatment plant operators to be deployed to run the mobile water treatment plants in affected villages along the Tana River;

Nine volunteers have undergone training on operation of water purification plants and are the ones running the three plants already in operation. Three more have been sent to train as the National society plans to put one more plant.

4. Activity 4: Provide emergency water supply through 23 mobile water treatment plants (each with a 5,000 people capacity) to 151,000 people.

So far we have eight water purification plants in the country- three from the Spanish Red Cross, one from Finnish Red Cross and four from the Norwegian red cross

Three plants have been deployed so far and in operation- one in Garsen-(Gamba area), and two in Bura- Bura and Morokani- some 10 km from Bura

Assessment is going on looking into the hard hit camps to deploy two water purification plants which are already in Bura (one Spanish Red Cross and one Norwegian Red Cross)

The Norwegian plant could not be set up over the week-end because some parts were missing. The missing parts will be sent from Norway when the technicians get back on Tuesday (16/01/2007)

A training session on operation and maintenance of the plants is scheduled for Wednesday and Thursday this week (10-11/01/2007)

5. Activity 5: Provide water – through trucking – sourced from mobile water treatment plants and repaired existing water systems, including water storage tanks to 25,000 people (for 3 months).

Water trucking is going on in Bura and Garsen. In Garsen, 246 cubic metres of water have been purified and distributed to 26 IDPS with a population of over 9,000 people while in Bura, 300 cubic meters of water as been purified and distributed to 10 IDPS in Bura.

Specific objective 2: Provide emergency and household latrines to the affected populations.

1. Activitiy 1: Construct 10,000 emergency latrines for 200,000 displaced populations;

169 sanplats have been availed by UNICEF to be distributed in both Garissa and Tana River according to the number of people affected. This will assist in construction of Pit latrines in the camps. Emergency latrines construction in the camps is now in progress

15 mobile latrines have been distributed to IDPs in Garsen area and pit digging is going on whereas 10 pit latrines are under construction in Bura in 10 IDP camps.

2.. Activity 2: Support the construction of 2,000 household latrines for returnee affected populations by providing sanitation platforms (SanPlats).

This has yet to be effected because the communities that had started to go back home came back to the camps due to more flooding and because some of the areas that were flooded before are still inhabitable.

Specific objective 3: Provide emergency hygiene promotion and education services to the affected population.

1. Activity 1: Conduct sensitization and training on proper use of water purification and disinfection chemicals;

Health education sessions have been carried out in most IDP camps to sensitize communities on proper use of water purification and disinfection chemicals during health camps

2. Conduct emergency PHAST sessions on disease prevention as well as safe use of water and sanitation facilities.

50 volunteers, 30 in Garissa/Bura and 20 in Garsen have been trained on Emergency PHAST. The volunteers so trained have assigned to IDPs to coordinate hygiene promotion activities through camp Health Committees. Community Health committees have also been trained are involved in sensitisation and outreach.

2) Relief Response

Objective 1: Provide search and rescue (SAR) services to minimize the effects of floods on vulnerable communities isolated or threatened by the ongoing floods in the next 4 months.

Activities:

Prepare and disseminate key early warning messages to communities prone to floods/disasters;

Conduct community rehearsals on floods evacuation skills;

Conduct rapid early warning exercises for mass-evacuation of communities at risk, mainly along Tana

River;

Rescue stranded communities/individuals and provide first aid services;

Conduct tracing activities.

Expected results:

Loss of lives and property of floods affected communities are minimized;

Mechanisms for detecting and alerting vulnerable communities are improved;

Separated families are unified and family links are restored.

Progress to date;

National Disaster Response Teams (NDRT) comprising of Red Cross Action Teams (RCATS) have been deployed to Garissa (4 from Nairobi Branch and 1 Kitui and 1 from Machakos and 600 volunteers across the country)

Undertook early warning through alerting communities along the Tana River to move to higher ground before the flood gates of Kiambere dam was released. The National Society's Volunteers used megaphones and FM radio stations to urge communities to evacuate the river valley and thereby saved thousands of human lives in the process.

Rescued an approximate 1500 people along the Tana valley from the flood waters.

Undertook the translocation of 45,000 refugees from Ifo refugee camp to a higher ground using 15 of our M621 trucks.

Administered first aid on those found drowning among the rescued people.

Objective 2: To improve the status of 503,000 affected beneficiaries through timely provision of appropriate emergency relief kits.

The immediate targeted areas are Garissa, Tana River, Wajir, Kwale, Busia (Budalangi), Nyando, Moyale, Isiolo and Mandera.

Activities:

Rapid needs assessments;

Registration and verification of beneficiaries;

Mobilization and orientation of 300 volunteers;

Community mobilization for relief distribution;

Pre and post relief distribution volunteer meetings;

Distribution of non-food items (NFIs);

Coordination with other sectors on health education on the use of mosquito nets and aqua tabs.

Expected results:

Floods affected communities have improved resilience against the impact of floods.

Human lives have been saved from the complexities resulting from exposure to rain, cold weather and diseases.

Progress to date;

The following relief items have been distributed since the beginning of the floods to the affected areas as of the 5th January 2007.


Food Items
Water (Litres)
Maize Floor (Kg)
Unimix (Kg)
Beans (Kg)
Tinned Fish
Rice (Kg)
Oil (Litres)
Mt. Elgon
132
Mombasa
3186
150000
Funyula
1998
9984
1998
960
Isiolo
72
12192
20,000
1070
660
Garsen
342
Kisumu
157000
Eldoret
125000
Kwale
50000
Meru
660
Garissa
1200
22176
450
300
660
Total
6798
44352
502000
3518
132
300
2940

Non Food Items
Branch
Blankets
Kitchen Set
Jerry
Can
Tarpaulin
Soap
Chlorine Tablets
Bladder Tanks
Mosquito Net
Used Clothes (bales)
Kwale
2,740
938
1,400
850
2,700
Kilifi
250
250
250
1,000
3
Lodwar
600
500
1,000
300
2,000
14,000
600
150
Nyeri
174
87
87
188
Elwak
800
320
400
576
168,000
800
Kisumu
6,200
3,181
4,033
4,020
10,661
560,000
2,500
73
Garissa
7,060
2,930
5,160
2,430
10,982
294,000
1,300
330
Meru
200
100
200
100
400
14,000
50
Thika
30
15
15
60
Mwingi
40
20
40
20
80
600
20
Garsen
3,325
1,400
3,196
2,300
8,625
70,000
Isiolo
1,325
1,000
2,000
780
4,000
Bura
2,500
1,250
2,490
1,250
2,500
Bungoma
200
100
200
100
14,000
200
Trans-
Nzoia
600
300
600
300
14,000
600
Mt. Elgon
300
150
300
150
300
Funyula
Malindi
1000
500
500
28000
500
Total
27,094
12541
21,369
13352
41,772
1,176,000
3
9,900
623


Objective 3: To establish livelihood recovery and rehabilitation needs and ensure that they are linked to humanitarian assistance in floods affected areas.

Activities:

Devise assessment methodology and target areas/communities and livelihood groups;

Carry out livelihoods recovery assessment leading to formulation of appropriate and sustainable • interventions, including the development of recovery and rehabilitation livelihood proposals;

Provide 600 MT of assorted categories of certified seeds (maize, sorghum, cow peas, garden peas and green grams), fertilizers and farming tools.

Expected results

Livelihood assessments are conducted and recovery as well as rehabilitation livelihood proposals are developed and shared with partners and donors

Progress to date;

The National society is planning to undertake a livelihood assessment to determine the needs of different affected people

The assessment will be carried out in collaboration with IFRC, ICRC, FAO, UNOCHA, Office of the President, Arid Lands Resource Management Project and both the Ministries of Agriculture and Livestock. A meeting was held and it was agreed that the livelihoods assessment will be carried out in Wajir, Garissa, Ijara, Kilifi, Kwale, Tana River, Busia and Isiolo Districts.

From the appeal, the National Society received five rubhalls, five boats and equipment, five outboard engines, three dispensary tents and four EMWAT kits. So far, one Emwat kit and one dispensary kit have been deployed to Bura. Three Rubhalls have been dispatched (one to Garissa and two to Garsen). Three outboard engines and three boats and equipment have been dispatched to Garsen

Objective 4: Enhance the operational capacity of KRCS to respond to potential future disasters throughout Kenya.

Activities:

Increase training of the National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) and branches in key haza rd areas;

Provide equipment, including vehicles, communication equipment, life saving equipment and uniforms;

Carry out disaster mapping throughout Kenya using Vulnerability Capacity Assessments (VCA)and other appropriate methodologies;

Train and orient volunteers in disaster preparedness and response skills;

Strengthen contingency planning, including pre-positioning of disaster preparedness stocks and rapid deployment of volunteers;

Support VCA/risk mapping exercises;

Document lessons learned.

Expected results:

The capacity of KRCS to respond to disasters is enhanced;

The disaster preparedness capacity of KRCS is enhanced.

Progress to date;

Collaboration with the Red Cross PNSs to develop the Health, Watsan, and Logistics ERU's has led to on-the-job training and capacity building of National Society's staff.

There are MOU's on the eventual handing over of the ERU equipment at the end of the operation meaning that the National Society will benefit from the new equipment and will be able to commission them efficiently to disaster areas in the future.

A total of 16 land cruisers have been received by the National Society (two from the Norwegian RC, two from the Spanish RC, two from the German RC, four from the British RC, four from the Finnish RC and two from the Japanese RC). Out of these, 14 have been dispatched to Bura, Garsen and Garissa.

3) Health and Epidemic Control

Objective 1: To contribute towards reducing mortality and morbidity through provision of preventive public health community care and basic clinical care to 150,000 floods affected people.

Activities:

Assess and map out the existing health needs;

Assess what other organizations and the government are doing/planning to do, emphasizing coordination;

Social mobilization and health education in a gender sensitive manner;

Recruit and train skilled and unskilled volunteers and staff;

Set up strategically located operational centres to ensure best possible access and provision of services, including outreach activities for the most vulnerable;

Provide basic antenatal care, postnatal care and safe delivery, especially for risk pregnancies;

Provide reproductive health education;

Procure and distribute reproductive health supplies, mostly condoms;

Provide basic medical supply and drugs of World Health Organization (WHO) standards as well as inter -agency emergency health kits (IEHKs), targeting existing hospitals and clinics which have exhausted their supply;

Procure and distribute health kits, including cholera kits;

Provide anti malarial spraying and anti malarial drugs;

Procure and distribute long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLITN);

Conduct environmental clean up exercises;

Support the Ministry of Health (MoH) in meeting basic health care needs case management of the flood affected population;

Participate in immunization campaigns – especially against measles and childhood diseases – and other child health activities, including nutrition;

Expected results:

Reduced mortality and morbidity among the general population;

Improved access to basic healthcare services among the flood affected population;

Increased awareness of health issues and disease control by the affected population;

Reduced risk of water and vector borne diseases in the targeted communities;

Improved capacity to respond to epidemic diseases;

Increased access to reproductive health services, including HIV/AIDS awareness.

Progress to date;

A transect assessment was undertaken in the first week of operation and later another was undertaken during the outreach missions

The ERU teams attend daily disaster coordination meetings on floods and RVF both in Garissa and Garsen and weekly ones in Bura.

The three ERUs are undertaking health education and promotion during all the outreach medical camps

The National Society recruited 10 volunteers in Bura, eight in Garsen and 30 in Garissa who have been trained on general appropriate disease prevention and control methodologies including malaria control, cholera management, snake bite management among others.

The medical team undertakes reproductive care services on daily basis at the outreach camps by the use of expert mid wives and traditional birth attendants. This is done by having a separate tent for pregnant mothers. In addition, reproductive health information is given to all targeted pregnant women

Three cholera kits have been distributed to two districts (Garissa and Tana River) and one will be sent to Kilifi next week.

Health kits have been sent to Bura to support the ERU

The Garsen ERU team is doing a joint RVF case management with MOH

10,000 long lasting insecticide treated Mosquito nets will be sent to Garissa (5,000 LLINs) and Tana river (5,000 LLINs) on Monday 8/01/2007.

The National Society has been involved since the outbreak of the RVF which has now claimed 81 lives. KRCS conducted training of nurses and supported six health workers from the MOH to conduct an outreach in the affected places. The National Society is conducting public health outreaches and sensitization programmes on RVF. A total of 24 beds have been given for use in the special wards and in addition an insecticide sprayer was provided by the National Society.

The Society also dispatched two Medical Doctors, one ERU nurse, two Public Health Officers and two Volunteers, and two land cruisers to be used during the period of the outbreak.

The British Red Cross provided six Delivery kits and nine IEHKs. Out of these, three delivery kits and two IEHKs were dispatched to Bura.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Abbas Gullet, Secretary General, Email: gullet.abbas@kenyaredcross.org.
Dr. Asha Mohamed, Deputy Secretary General, Email: mohamed.asha@kenyaredcross.org
Ahmed Abdi, Acting Head of Disaster Preparedness and Response, Email: abdi.ahmed@kenyaredcross.org