1.1 County Background Information
Kieni East and West sub counties lie within Nyeri County covering at least 51 percent of the total land cover. They border Laikipia County to the north, Mount Kenya to the east, Aberdares to the west and Nyeri Central and Mathira to the south. The two sub counties cover an area of 1,990.3 square kilometres with 1,026 square kilometres suitable for crop and livestock production. Altitude ranges between 1,950 and 2,270 metres above sea level with temperatures ranging between 16oC and 24oC. Individual land sizes ranges from one acre (0.4 hectares) to 300 acres (120 hectares). The two sub counties have a total population of 175,812 people. Main economic activities vary by livelihood zones, with livestock keeping being prominent in marginal mixed farming livelihood zone contributing about 77 percent to household income. Other income sources include charcoal burning, sale of firewood, poultry farming and small businesses at five percent each. In mixed farming livelihood zones horticulture as cash crop is prominent representing 43 percent of the income, followed by livestock keeping at 23 percent, small business at 10 percent while poultry farming, formal employment and food crops accounting for eight percent each. 40 percent of the total population in the region directly depends of casual labour to complement on other income sources.
1.2 Current Factors Affecting Food Security
There was no major negative factor that affected food security situation in Kieni East and West Sub counties, since the short rains season’s performance was above normal.