Kenya

Moyale District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, October 2006

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SITUATION OVERVIEW

The District received a lot of rainfall over the month of October, which caused havoc among the residents. The number of rainy rainy days ranges from 10 to 16.

Forage growth was quite high and water was available everywhere.

Livestock body condition remained good though the heavy down pour.

Prices of livestock remained high as last month. Goats prices went up due to Idd festival and there was shortage in town.

Sheep and goats mortality went up, especially in Dabel and Godoma sample areas of Golbo division.

Milk consumption remained low as previous month and production did not increase.

Food prices continued to rise as a result of poor roads (caused by flash floods).

There are increased causes of diarrhoea at the moment and Public Health Department have been going round educating the residents to be more cautious on what they consume.

CURRENT INTERVENTIONS

Some small quantities of rice, oils and beans have been distributed in the district.

Planting seeds were delivered to farmers in some designated communities and Ministry of Agriculture also gave given out some drought tolerant seeds.

Vaccination campaigns and clinical treatment have been going on to curb high mortality of livestock.

RECOMMENDATION TO DSG

The District is still facing persistent food shortage and EMOP has to continue.

There will be high probability of more disease outbreak (Water borne) and intensive community awareness should be created.

Wild animals are causing conflict in some centres and killing precious livestock thus threatening pastoral communities' livelihoods. Steps should be taken to stop these menaces.

There are cases of food theft by committees assigned to do distribution. Checks has to be put in place to stop this problems because they are denying food some need people.

1.0. STABILITY

1.1 Rainfall

High amount of rain was received over the month (Rainy days - 13.10).

1.2 Condition of Natural Vegetation and Pasture Quality

Forage quality reported to be 100% good. Quantity

Forage biomass is expected to last for the next three months in most of the divisions. Distance to grazing areas

Return distance to pasture has decreased since water and pasture are available everywhere.

1.3 Water Source and availability Water source

92% of the District reported to be using natural ponds and roof catchments.

8% percent reportedly used boreholes or other unspecified sources.

Utilisation of mechanised sources reduced except in Dabel or Moyale water supply.

Average distance to water reduced to about 0.5km.

1.4 Emerging Issues.

1.4.1 Insecurity in the Pastoral areas

Most parts of the District remained clam and peaceful though parts of Uran division looked tense in mid-month. These problems will obviously cause food insecurity from farming and other food related work.

At the moment there is abundant pasture and water in all parts of the District. Pastoralists are moving away to far away pastures and thus exposing themselves to elements of hostility.

1.4.2 Livestock Disease and Mortality

Livestock death resulting from diseases and predation are reported all over the District. Sheep and goats morality was quite high in Dabel area of Golbo division.

1.4.3 Chronic Malnutrition and Food shortages

Malnutrition remained very high in the district. The situation is expected to remain the same in the next few months unless the District food production rises and milk production increases. Cases of malnutrition are high in almost all divisions though Obbu and Golbo seem worse.

1.5 Implication of food security

All the above factors indicate we are very insecure and more efforts should be made to look for external source to support the District. The heavy rains we have experienced over a short time might also have negative effect on food security i.e. people might be caused to abandon their shambas because planted fields are swept by floods. Livestock and human diseases may also reduce due to constant heavy downpour which might reduce energy production.

2.0. AVAILABILITY

2.1 Livestock

2.1.1 Livestock body conditions

Livestock body condition is quite good at the moment. Accessibility to pasture is getting less due to muddy and eroded pastureland. These reduce livestock mobility.

The condition is not normal.

2.1.2 Livestock Diseases

Main diseases are still haemorrhagic anferofoemia and CCPP (also CBPP).

Biting flies may multiply and cause disease and irritancies to livestock in hilly areas.

2.1.3 Milk Production

Average milk production per household for the division remained very low. (Less than half a bottle of 750ml). The District average is about 0.43 of a treetop bottle.

3.0 ACCESS TO FOOD

3.1 Livestock Marketing

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