KALOBEYEI: A NEW WAY OF WORKING IN THEORY AND IN PRACTICE
In 2016, the Kalobeyei Integrated Socio-Economic Development Plan (KISEDP) was devised. Funded by the European Union, it is part of a broader regional effort called the EU Regional Development and Protection Programme (RDPP) in the Horn of Africa, led by the Netherlands, to improve protection and enhance development prospects for all – the displaced and local communities.
The Kalobeyei intervention is a flagship initiative and a pre-cursor to the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and global efforts aimed at area-based approaches in refugee hosting areas. It sets a new way of working for partners on the ground and a transformative approach for the way refugee assistance is delivered. The EUTF support is a first investment and the most significant contribution to the integrated approach so far.
Kalobeyei is a first of its kind, and the evaluation should therefore be read in this light, as a contribution to learning not only for Kalobeyei, but for similar efforts globally.
Plans for Kalobeyei were drawn rapidly. With this mid-term evaluation, it is hoped that partners and donors can take a step back to reflect on the difficulties to date, adjust logframes to better plan and measure the overall action, and better adapt to the reality on the ground to achieve the overall aim of building community selfreliance for refugee and host community populations.
There are differences between the aims of Kalobeyei, on paper, and the context on the ground. While Kalobeyei was supposed to be home to protracted refugees from Kakuma, those living in the settlement and interviewed are recent arrivals, from a range of countries – South Sudan, Burundi, DRC and Ethiopia. The fact that the profiles are those of new arrivals has an impact on activities geared towards self-reliance – whether from the perspective of education or livelihoods. The fact that some result areas – like health – do not have an integrated water and sanitation component is a reflection of a weak design from the start. These are among some contextual elements that show how difficult the set-up is for UN agencies and implementing partners to succeed. This is furthermore taking place in the context of Turkana, a marginalized county, where all – refugees and hosts alike - are in need of protection, livelihoods, and support to achieve self-reliance.
This EUTF project is composed of inclusive education and health services, targeted protection services particularly for children, and support to foster long term food and nutrition security, and economic opportunities in and around the Kalobeyei settlement. This review assesses whether objectives have been achieved, and where obstacles and opportunities exist to inform future iterations of the project.
The mid-term review was conducted between July and November 2018 through a consultative process. It provides quantitative and qualitative data unavailable to date, with 618 surveys completed with hosts and refugees, as well as extensive consultations (39 focus group discussions, 64 key informant interviews, and partnership monitoring workshops with implementing partners on the ground). It adopts the OECD-DAC evaluation criteria of relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability