Kenya

Mandera District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, December 2009

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Situation Report
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Situation overview

- No rainfall was received during the reporting month.

- The main sources of water for the month were River Daua, earth pans, underground water tanks, boreholes and shallow wells.

- Although dried earlier than normal, pasture is sufficient in most parts of the districts and is expected to be adequate in the next two to three months.

- Livestock body conditions were good for the month of December and this is attributed to good pasture and browse in most parts of the district.

- The pastoralists who had migrated with their livestock to Ethiopia during the peak of 2009 drought and have decided to come back and formed satellite settlements (makeshift villages) in Mandera Central and West districts having no water and food and needed to be targeted under EMOP or GOK food.

- The average household prices of livestock have increased when compared to the preceding month and this is due to improved body conditions.

- The main sources of income for the month of December were sales of livestock and casual labour.

- Cases of Contagious Caprine Pluro Pneumonia (CCPP) and suspected cases of PPR were reported during the month under review in the larger district.

- There were no insecurity incidence reported during the month under review

- The nutrition status of children below five years improved slightly during the month. The percentage of children rated at risk of malnutrition was 17.4% compared to 18 in November. Compared to long term mean, rate was lower by 3.6%.

- Increased diarhoea cases reported in Lafey division during the month under review.

- The drought situation in the district is normal and trends are worsening.