Mandera District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, December 2006


Situation Overview

Short rains were received in the early part of the month in the entire district.

Water is adequate and available in the district.

Pasture quality and quantities was better in all the divisions.

Main sources of water during the month were major earth pans, underground tanks, river Daua and boreholes.

Floods affected 15, 996 farm families in irrigated cropping with estimated population of 95,976 directly and similar figures affected indirectly.

Livestock body condition was better   in the divisions & conditions better during the month of December.

The average market prices of large herds (camel & cattle) have increased by 29% and 14.7% respectively during December and prices of small herd hiked too.

The livestock prices are below baseline average. However, observation made show that prices improved in major urban Markets and above average.

Observation made cereals prices are higher than average prices & dropped slightly.

Other essential commodities such as rice, cooking oil and sugar prices were decreased slightly, due to good conditions of roads within internal & external sources.

From the sampled divisions, Milk was consumed by everybody. This is attributed to more lactating herds with better pasture.

Percent of At Risk and Malnourished (ARM) children decreased from previous month level by 8%

Flagged Areas

No flagged areas so far.

Recommendations to DSG & KFSSG

Sensitize ALL communities in the entire district on peace building

Provide Relief food and Supplementary feeding for the vulnerable groups and malnourished  children and aged persons

Provision of farm inputs, tools & irrigation inputs to farmers along the river.

Vaccination and mass treatments of livestock to prevent & control Rift Valley Fever  and other diseases.

Strengthen  mobile outreach services and stock more basic drugs at rural health facilities

Provision of chemical water treatment for areas with earth pans and underground tanks.

Food & material assistances to flood victims in the livelihood zones.

Restocking of vulnerable members of the communities

Current Intervention

Non-food aid

The following interventions were carried out during the month in the district;

Provisions of 9,460 ITN mosquito Nets by MOH to 7 divisions

Provision of Aqua-tabs, water guard and alum by Department of water and Islamic relief

Kenya Red Cross Society   distributed 4,000 ITN nets, 160 kitchen sets, 12 cartons of soaps, 400 bags of UNIMIX, 300 bails of tarpaulins, 8 cartons of aqua tabs and trained the community on shallow wells treatment I flood victims of Elwak town.

EPAG Kenya constructed two  water tanks at Omar Jilahow and Sorohindn locations

Food aid

i) Supplementary feedings by Action Against Hunger and Islamic Relief

ii) Therapeutic feeding centres  (TFC) in Mandera district hospital  district by AAH

iii) Communities Therapeutic feeding by Islamic Relief with total beneficiaries 150 iv) Distribution of relief food by EMOP   with total beneficiaries of 120,010 persons.

DSG Meeting & Recommendations


1. Rift Valley Fever

2. EMOP food distribution for November/ December

3. Animal Health Funds to DLMC

The DSG members made the following recommendations;

On Rift Valley Fever, the livestock market be closed, slaughter of livestock and sale of livestock products banned and Use of bed nets and distribution of ITN nets by MOH. District Livestock Market Council received Ksh 3.2 million from Ox-farm GB to support animal health programme in the district.  EMOP relief food distribution resumed after the roads became passable and beneficiaries were 120,010 persons.


1.1 Rainfall

The short rains continued to be   received in the 1st dekad of the month in the entire district.  

Mandera 40.6 mm 11.5 mm Above normal
Elwak Nil 21.1 mm Below Normal
Rhamu 55.0 mm 3.7 mm Above Normal

N/B: The stations Mandera and Rhamu received the highest rainfall amount during the month of December 2006, but Elwak received below Normal because no amount of rainfall was recorded.  Generally Mandera District received an above Normal amount of rainfall.

1.2 Natural vegetation and pasture condition  

The both quality and quantity of pasture were better,   in entire district that can last for next three months. The average distance to grazing areas is 7-km while return time to and from the grazing is 3 hrs.

1.3 Water sources and availability

The current main water sources for the district livelihoods are major earth pans, shallow wells and boreholes which is normal during this time of year. Other source includes seasonal River Daua along the riverine zone.  The average distance to the source is 1 km and collection time is about an hour for the household level. In the grazing areas water availability is adequate and continues to sustain the population both animals and man in the coming period.

1.4 Emerging Issues

1.4.1  Security issues

No insecurity issue reported in the course of December

1.4.2  Migration

There was no in- migration and out-migration of livestock due to pasture and water availability in all divisions.

.5 Implication on food security

The water and pasture situation had   improved as evidenced by a reduction in distances in grazing and return times-better in quality & quantity.

There were also, improved livestock body conditions due to better pastures,   thus more livestock products in the markets.

Better prices and average returns of livestock for the agro-pastorals & pastorals in the current period.

Hence, improved   purchasing power of the communities and moderately food secure for agro-pastorals & pastorals.