Kenya

Mandera District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, April 2006

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SITUATION HIGHLIGHTS

ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATORS

Most of the pans impounded water, however, water tankering continued for few

River Daua resumed flow due to rains in the up stream in the Ethiopian highlands and consequently more Agro-farmers irrigated their fields for subsistence, pastures and

Rainfall was received district wide, however, overall distribution was very poor.

Vegetations regenerated mainly shrubs & forage, thus livestock browsers were

RURAL ECONOMY INDICATORS

The livestock economy is reviving due to precipitation received entire district and the few remaining herds have still no value for food and income.

HUMAN WELFARE INDICATORS

Cereal prices still remain above normal despite increases in number of beneficiaries

% of at risk and malnourished children (ARM) continued to increase to very high levels and this is attributed to disease outbreaks such as measles and diarrhoea.

OVERALL TREND ASSESSMENT

All indicators are below normal and though trends are slightly improving.

1.1 Rainfall

Station
Actual
Normal
Trend
Mandera
116.5 mm
81.8 mm
Above normal
Elwak sub-district
65.0 mm
89.6 mm
Below normal
Rhamu
25.0 mm
83.8 mm
Below normal


Source: Meteorological station- Mandera

The rainfall station of Mandera recorded above normal rainfall while Elwak and Rhamu had below normal. On other hand, limited rainfalls were received in other parts of the district such as Lafey, Takaba , Gither, Ashabito and Banissa. The long rains commenced fully from 17th of April and generally the rains performed poorly in western & eastern parts of the district.

1.2 Forage

The vegetations of the land regenerated across the district, however, generally rainfall was below

average and the animals body conditions has abit improved mainly browsers.

Water sources

1.2.1 Use of water sources

The main sources of water during the month were boreholes, run-offs, underground tanks, pans and the river daua which resumed flow at the first dekard of the month. Communities were able to obtain water from pans, river, and boreholes and distance for animals trekking in such of water and pastures declined. Borehole breakdowns were minimal and where it occurred it was attended to by Water

Users association and department of water.

Average distances (kms) to water sources and return time

The radius for livestock to trek to pans & boreholes subsequently reduced as water was impounded in pans & catchment ponds. Also, reduced is distance in search for forage & pastures, therefore time and energy reserved.

1.2.2 Constraint to Water sources

The main constraint to water sources are high cost of fuels for boreholes users in the earlier part of the month, poor quality water for earth pans and underground tanks users due to high run-off. The effect of the carcases on surface water poses a danger from water borne diseases. Also, crocodile menace reported along the river daua.

2. RURAL ECONOMY INDICATORS

2.1 Livestock production

2.1.1 Livestock body condition and health

Livestock body condition is slightly improving due to increased availability of forage but poor in health as result of diseases incidence, thus, body condition is fair and improving.

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