Lamu County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for March 2015

Situation Report
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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

The percentage average rainfall to that of the long term average for the month of March was 486.43% which was above the normal range .
The 3month VCI for the County was 39.53. This was within the normal range. For Lamu East Sub County, which comprises of Fisheries and Mixed Farming Food/Cash livelihood Zone, VCI was 31.64 which was below the normal range hence indicating a moderate drought in those areas.
For Lamu West Sub County which comprises of Mixed Cash/Food and Pastoral Livelihood Zone, the VCI was 44.14, indicating a normal condition.
The State of water sources was classified at 3 for the month of March indicating that the water state was below normal and the condition was declining. The main sources of water for the month of March were: Shallow wells and a borehole accounting for 33.3% each, followed by Traditional Rivers and Traditional wells accounting for 16.7% each.
Average House hold water distance was 22.75 Km the highest being from Kiunga to Mangai at 42 Km.

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

There were no reported cases of livestock migration in the County.
The general body condition for cattle remained at borderline and it was rated at score 4. This was due to the deteriorating pasture condition. Goats body condition remained moderate across most livelihoods and they were rated at score 5.
The pasture quality and quantity could be said to be poor and further deteriorating while the browse quantity could be said to be fair but the condition was also deteriorating. Kiunga,Faza, Mkokoni and Moa had the worst pasture and Browse condition in the county.
Drought risk was still medium for March but the condition may worsen should the long rains delay further. Most parts of Lamu East sub-county such as Siyu, Kiunga, and Kizingitini among other areas are still water stressed and water project under preparedness activities are highly recommended in those areas. That will help to build resilience in those areas.