Kwale County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for August 2013


Situation overview:

  • Light to moderate rainfall was experienced in the county during the month under review. Kwale Matuga sub-county recorded 83 mm for 11 rainy days, Msambweni registered 122.5 mm for 10 rainy days while Kinango recorded 95.8 mm for 11 rainy days. Kinango rainfall amount was below normal while that of Kwale and Msambweni were above normal.

  • Natural vegetation and pasture was good in the mixed farming zone but continued deterioration was noted in the livestock farming zone. Distances to grazing areas reduced slightly by five percent to 4.7 km this month compared to 4.95 km in July 2013. The mixed farming zone recorded the longest distance at 5.7 km while the shortest was recorded in the livestock farming zone at 3.3 km. Although the longest distances were recorded in the mixed farming zone, selected areas in the livestock farming zone recorded lengthy distances such as Moyeni in Kinango sub-county at 14.7 km.

  • The main sources of water for domestic and livestock consumption included water pans and dams similar to last month with other sources being boreholes, shallow wells, springs, natural ponds and rivers and traditional river wells. Access to water points by households was similar to last month at 2.45 km which was normal for this time of the year. Inter-livelihood zone differences were minimal as the mixed farming zone posted 2.7 km while the livestock farming one recorded 2.2 km.

  • There was an increase in goat prices during the month. The price of a medium-sized goat was Kshs 2,383 having increased by 27.78% from Kshs 1,865 posted last month. The increase was due to increased demand for goats for Ramadhan festivities. Inter-livelihood zone disparities were displayed as the mixed farming zone posted the higher price of Kshs 2,742 while the lower price was recorded in the livestock farming zone at Kshs 2022. Goat prices were above normal for the month.

  • Cattle prices decreased during the month. The price of a medium-sized 3-year old bull was Kshs 9,000 down by 22.8% from Kshs 11,675 posted last month. Only the livestock farming zone posted cattle sales which was a pointer towards increased food stress at household level as they were traded for cash to buy food since harvests had been minimal.

  • Maize prices decreased during the month. A kilogram of maize retailed at Kshs 40.8 compared to Kshs 44.0 posted last month, signifying a 7.3% decrease. Minimal inter-livelihood variations were exhibited as the livestock livelihood zone posted Kshs 41.2 compared to Kshs 40.2 in the mixed farming zone. The price decrease across the county was attributed to recent harvests that increased the supply of the commodity at household level. The price of posho followed a similar trend as a 5.29% decrease was recorded from Kshs 49.2 last month to Kshs 46.6 recorded this month. For posho, the livestock farming zone posted the lowest price of Kshs 45.5.

  • The main source of income in the county this month was casual labour as was the case last month. However, the decreasing trend on reliance on casual labour for income continued this month as the proportion decreased from 47% last month to 43% this month due to reduced availability of on-farm activities. The average daily wage rate however rose by 2.6% from Kshs 189 last month to Kshs 194 this month.

  • The percentage of children who were at risk of malnutrition during the month remained was similar to last month at 6.6%. Inter-livelihood differences were noted as the livestock farming zoneposted 10.5% while the mixed farming zone recorded 2.7%. The proportions in these zones however, remained the same as last month.

  • The early warning stage for August for the entire county is alert with a stable trend.