1.1 County Background Information
Kwale County is located in the coastal region of Kenya. It borders Taita Taveta County to the West; Kilifi County to the North, Mombasa to the Northeast, the Indian Ocean to the East and Republic of Tanzania to the South. The County is subdivided into four sub counties namely; Matuga, Msambweni, Kinango and Lungalunga which are further fragmented into 20 wards. It covers an area of 8,270 square kilometers and has an estimated population of 649,931 (KNBS census 2009). The main livelihood zones are: Mixed Farming comprising 69 percent of the population, Livestock Farming (22 percent), Fishing (five percent) and the rest constituting (four percent) as shown in figure one.
1.2 Current Factors Affecting Food Security
The major factor affecting food security in the county was uneven spatial distribution of the 2015 long rains. Other factors affecting food security were poor soil fertility across all the livelihoods, low use of farm inputs, low Tropical Livestock Unit (TLU) capacity coupled with preference on maize production over drought tolerant crops.