Kitui District: Drought Monthly Bulletin, October 2006


Situation overview

With the onset of rains signs of improving food security have started emerging

The short rains have begun and farmers are busy planting

The rains washed away most the dry fallen forage thus increasing deficiency of livestock feed The livestock body conditions for all the species worsened Water is plenty and accessible to all. The price of maize remained stable whereas that of beans wentup. The price of cattle remained within the previous months ranges.

Recommendations to DSG and KFSM

There is need to carry out nutritional survey in the district

Activate the contingency plan

Current Interventions

Non Food Interventions

Drilling of boreholes by the department of water

Distribution of planting seeds by catholic relief services

Water tracking by the department of water and catholic diocese of Kitui

Desilting of earth pans by CDK

Livestock vaccination by VET AID in collaboration with the department of water

Red Cross Kitui chapter is starting a water project in Ikutha division that is intended to supply water to the market and neighboring institutions

A district livestock health sector intervention account has been opened- will finance rapid livestock disease responses during drought times

Food aid

There was continued distribution of food aid under the EMOP and the regular school feeding program.

The district received and distributed food supplies from relief and rehabilitation departments to feed OVCs


1.1 Rainfall

The early part of the month was hot and dry. Rain showers were received in various parts of the district signaling the onset of the short rains.

1.2 Natural Vegetation and Pasture Conditions

Both pasture and browse are of poor quality. Most of it is composed of fallen dry leaves and branches. The situation is slightly different in parts of Mutha, Mutomo and Central divisions where the onset of rains has produced regeneration of pastures and browse. The quantity of the available forage went down as most of the fallen materials have been washed following heavy rains at the end of the month. The situation is normal.

1.3 Water Sources and Availability

Heavy down pours that pounded the district at the end of the month have significantly improved the water situation. Water is now available in traditional river wells as well as from roof catchments. The distances to the watering points have drastically dropped as well as the waiting times. Livestock are accessing water from the natural ponds and pools at both the grazing areas and roads. This trend is expected to continue until the end of the rains.


2.1 Livestock Body Conditions

Generally the animal body conditions have weakened. This weakening is attributed to deficiency of forage. Notably, the situation is worse in the mixed farming divisions of Mutonguni and Yatta as compared to the marginal mixed farming livelihood zones were land is vast and sparsely populated.

2.1 Livestock Diseases out breaks

Within the period under review no major livestock outbreaks were reported. Through support from VETAID the department of veterinary continued with deworming at treatment of livestock in Yatta and Mutonguni divisions

2.2 Implications on Food Security

With the onset of rains the pastures have begun regenerating and the dry planted crop has germinated. Soon farmers are expected to start consuming green vegetables (Cowpeas) from their farms.


3.1 Livestock Marketing

3.3.1 Cattle Prices

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