Kenya

Kilifi County: Drought Early Warning Bulletin for March 2015

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Drought Situation & EW Phase Classification

Biophysical Indicators

  • In the month of March, Kilifi County recorded a 3-monthly VCI of 31.6 indicating the county condition was deteriorating from February 3-monthly VCI of 43.76. The county now is in moderate drought with five sub counties as shown above being in moderate drought from last month when all the sub counties were in normal condition .

  • Water quality and quantity had declined significantly as water pans dried up. Water situation was inadequate at this time of the year after the county recorded poor rains across all livelihood zones.
    State of water sources was scored an index of 3 implying that (Water sources are drying up).

Socio Economic Indicators (Impact Indicators)

  • On average cattle body condition was fair while for shoats it was good.

  • Average return distance to water points by households increased due to drying of water pans leading to dependence on pipeline which is far from the rural households while that of livestock from grazing area also increased due.

  • Main water sources for the period under review were pipeline, water pans/dams, boreholes and natural rivers

  • Average milk production and consumption at household level in the county decreased significantly to 0.63 litres per household per day whereby 52% of the total amount produced was consumed at households.

  • Average goat price increased significantly due decrease in supply and availability of other sources of income.

  • Average percentage of children at risk of malnutrition increased from 3.6% to 4.3% and this may be attributed to household food insecurity.

  • Coping Strategy Index (CSI) remained stable as compared to previous month at 1.4 in March, an indication that not much has changed to trigger