1.0 COUNTY BACKGROUND
Kilifi County has seven sub-counties namely; Malindi, Magarini, Ganze, Rabai, Kaloleni, Kilifi South and Kilifi North. It covers an area of approximately 12,610 square kilometres with a population of 1,109,735 (KNBS, 2009) and has three main livelihoods zones (Figure 1).
2.0 COUNTY FOOD SECURITY SITUATION
2.1 Current Food Security Situation
The ranching, parts of the mixed farming and marginal mixed farming livelihood zones covering parts of Ganze, Bamba, Vitengeni and Marafa are currently in the stressed food insecurity phase (IPC Phase 2). The rest of the county is in the minimal food insecurity phase (IPC Phase 1). The drivers of food insecurity include reduced crop production, decreasing pasture availability, reduced water for livestock and domestic use, lower-than-normal meal frequency and decreasing milk consumption at household level. The Coping Strategies Index (CSI) generally remained stable at 18 in May 2016 compared to 16 in May 2015 with most households employing insurance coping strategies to meet food consumption gaps. The Food Consumption Score (FCS) for households in the acceptable category increased from 58 percent in May 2015 to 67 percent in May 2016. The implication was that there was an increase in the number of households who were consuming at least a staple and vegetables daily, complemented by a frequent consumption of pulses and oil compared to a similar time last year. However, the proportion of children at risk of malnutrition was above normal.
2.2 Food Security Trends
During the short rains food security assessment in February 2016, the whole county was classified in the minimal food insecurity phase (IPC Phase 1). Currently, The ranching, parts of the mixed farming and marginal mixed farming livelihood zones covering parts of Ganze, Bamba, Vitengeni and Marafa are classified in the stressed food insecurity phase (IPC Phase 2) while the rest of the county is classified in the minimal food insecurity phase.