Kenya: WESCOORD - Sub-national Terms of Reference



The Water and Environmental Sanitation Coordination mechanism (WESCOORD) was established in 2001 as a technical arm of Kenya food security Steering group (KFSSG) to tackle the La-Nina related drought of 2000/2001. The drought had severally affected 12 districts in the North of the country. KFSSG was tasked with the responsibility of planning, coordinating, and supervising emergency operation programme (EMOP) supplies. WESCOORD was created under the KFSSG to bring together all the agencies that are active in water and sanitation in the districts that are commonly affected by drought and floods. WESCOORD was also formed with the purpose of achieving a coordinated and integrated approach in the implementation of WASH emergencies responses. At sub-national level, WESCOORD has been active in drought-affected areas but less so in areas affected by other emergencies.
Currently, WESCOORD has identified 23 priority counties that are prone to various emergencies including: drought and food insecurity, floods, conflict and disease outbreaks (esp. cholera). For effective coordination of WASH interventions at sub-national levels, it will be vital that coordination structures established at both district and county levels have the capacity to provide leadership to the WASH sector in the area. Overall, the coordination of WASH interventions in Kenya is led by the Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MoWI), and the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation (MoPHS), with support from UNICEF. This coordination structure will be maintained at devolved levels of government (both district and county levels) where the District/ County head of water affairs will act as the WESCOORD chair; and the District/ County head of Public Health/ Sanitation issues will be the co-chair. UNICEF or another organization identified by WASH actors at district or county level will act as the focal WASH agency for WESCOORD in the area. The three will form the core team for WESCOORD at sub-national level. The objectives of the district/ county-level WESCOORDs are:

  • To ensure coordination of WASH interventions during and after emergencies in affected areas

  • To support WASH actors to develop disaster preparedness and contingency plans for the district/ county

  • To raise awareness on the enforcement of international and national standards in WASH interventions

  • To identify gaps in humanitarian WASH actions and share information on WASH activities in the area

  • To provide a platform for learning and sharing - including dialogue on establishing links between emergency and development WASH actions through interventions that build resilience in disaster-affected communities.

  • To promote accountability and transparency in the utilization of resources (funds, supplies, etc.) for WASH.