Kenya

Kenya: Tana River district drought monthly bulletin, Dec 2009

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Situation Report
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Situation overview

- The general drought condition across all the livelihood zones is rated alert/alarm and improving.

- The district continued to receive some erratic showers reported in all the livelihood zones.

- The water condition remained favorable as most of the traditional water sources continued to hold adequate amounts of water.

- The condition of natural vegetation continued to be favourable as most of the areas across the livelihood zones reported improved pasture and browse conditions.

- The livestock body and health conditions recovered from the effects of the drought and were rated fair, especially in the Marginal Mixed and Pastoral zones. They were, however, still poor in the Mixed farming zone. This could be due to effects of high incidence of tsetse infections.

- High incidences of trypanosomiasis, pneumonia and worms remained the most common livestock diseases reported during the month.

- The pastoral trading terms continued to be favourable as during the month the prices of all livestock species increased.

- The milk production and consumption indicator recorded an improvement as during the month both production and consumption increased.

- Maize crop planted in the Hola Irrigation Scheme under the economic stimulus programme is fairly good and at harvest stage. Peasant farmers depending on rain fed agriculture have nothing much to expect due to the erratic nature of the rains. However, those doing pump fed irrigation along the riverine had their crop doing well and high hopes of harvests.

- Continued improvement of livestock health and livestock products is expected to impact positively on the food security situation in the pastoral livelihoods. The agropastoral livelihoods may also register some improvement due to expected harvests from the irrigated fields and the economic stimulus program.

- During the month, there was a general upsurge of malaria related and diarrhoeal cases reported in all the livelihoods, outbreaks were reported in parts of Madogo, Bura and Galole (Abakik, Hakoka, Sabukia, Titila and Chifiri).

- There was a general improvement in the nutrition status of children below five years ( based on MUAC<135mm measurement). The percentage of those categorized at risk of malnutrition dropped to 12.8% from 15.2% observed during the last reporting period.

- The security situation improved and reports of insecurity incidences minimized. This could be due enhanced peace building initiatives and security surveillance being carried out in the hot spot areas.