Kenya Shelter/NFI Strategy 2012-2013



This strategy is aimed as a guiding point for shelter cluster partners and shelter entity practitioners, on feasible actions, targets and how best cluster objectives as stated in the Shelter/NFI cluster Terms of reference, (see attached) can be achieved and to maximize assistance and protection provided to beneficiaries and host communities. As part of the sector’s initiative to identify and mitigate response challenges, the strategy will outline tools and guidelines which are recommended to be developed and utilized to aid practitioners in maintaining an equal level of service delivery nationwide and to chart the future of shelter programmes.

Shelter provision is not simply the distribution of temporary lifesaving materials, but encompasses an incremental process whereby emergency response is transitioned into recovery initiatives building on the resilience of communities to engage in the construction and reconstruction of their houses while developing livelihood capacity. Shelter programming should advocate for pertinent sensitization and assistance to host communities, which focuses on beneficiaries as the main developers of recovery.
Such an approach can be implemented while simultaneously feeding of local resources and maximizing opportunities for communitywide development to fight adverse effects related to chronic vulnerability and avert the effects of further disasters.

Communities and other populations living in Kenya continue to suffer from growing vulnerability to differing types of disasters, both natural and man-made. These communities face difficulties raging from chronic poverty, land aridity and drought, flooding, poor infrastructure, chronic illnesses and lack of services which in turn hinders community development and disrupts livelihoods. Past emergency occurrences have been contained through the coordinated efforts between the government, UN agencies, INGOs, NGOs and other members of the civil society. It is with these positive response mechanisms in mind that the newly established shelter cluster aims to continue to incorporate shelter as a formal sector to assist populations though the provision of shelter as an emergency prerequisite to prevent causalities as a result of lack of protection from severe weather and other disease instigating vectors.

This strategy will map activities covering 2 areas of shelter response, namely;

  1. Emergency preparedness (coordination arrangements between cluster partners)

  2. Emergency response (based on the most likely contingency scenario)

Additionally this strategy will guide and facilitate the level of shelter intervention by shelter cluster partners, inform the processes of standardization of shelter initiatives (tools, guidelines and trainings) with the aim of ensuring international standards on the assistance of beneficiaries is observed by all actors implementing shelter and NFI activities. Outlining and identifying activities undertaken within the above mentioned areas, will likewise guide Organizations’ staff to develop realistic budgetary predictions with which to present to donors as a fundraising tool projecting the differing activities undertaken to ensure a synchronized emergency and recovery response is achieved and meets equivalent level of standards countrywide.