Kenya Red Cross Floods Response Evaluation Focused on Nairobi, Taita- Taveta, Turkana and Kwale Counties Floods (MDRKE037)

Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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Executive Summary

The overall objective of this evaluation was to find out the effects of flood preparedness and response to the lives and livelihoods of the targeted communities. Specific objectives were to assess the effectiveness, relevance, efficiency of the response and the extent at which lessons learned and recommendations from previous floods operations were incorporated within this operation. This evaluation covered 4 (Turkana, Nairobi, Kwale, and Taita Taveta) counties which were reached with the responses. The review adopted a qualitative approach and relied mainly on reviewing of existing literature as well as having discussions with the community and different stakeholders through focused group discussions and key informant interviews.

Findings: The operation was relevant and appropriate to households whose houses were damaged. Cash was the most appropriate respond tool in Nairobi (targeting those HHs affected by collapse building). The highest expenditure of this cash was on paying house rent, followed by buying of food. Some of the cash was also used in purchasing of school learning materials and household items lost. The operation involved the local leadership and community members. In addition, KRCS’s coordination with other implementers was done well and as a result, there was reduction of duplication of roles and responsibilities.

While the affected communities were to some extent involved in needs assessment, involvement in the response design, planning, and monitoring was either limited or not there at all in some areas. While in Nairobi County the response was seen to be timely (partly attributed to the Mass Casualty Incidence), in Turkana and Taveta counties, the response was not seen not to have been timely and this was attributed to rains that hampered the movement of both response teams and items. The community recommended availability of KRCS volunteers within the community level to improve the timeliness of response.

In conclusion, the response targeted households which were affected by floods in Taita Taveta, Kwale,
Turkana and Nairobi County and priority was given to affected communities. Affected households were reached with NFIs, cash, psychosocial support and restoring family links intervention. Thus, the operation was relevant and appropriate to households whose houses were damaged.

Recommendation: KRCS must ensure that the beneficiaries are involved in needs assessments, exit strategies and design changes. Specific attention should be paid to the involvement of women, children, the elderly, youth and persons with disability