Kenya

Kenya presidential elections violence situation report No. 17

Highlights

- 10 killed in ethnic violence over the weekend, UNDSS reports

- The third general food distribution in Kibera slum to 12,000 households planned this week

- Kofi Annan expected in Nairobi on Tuesday

Situation update

A heavy police presence continues to be maintained in Nairobi and other urban areas. UNDSS reports that over the weekend, 10 people were hacked to death in ethnic violence mainly in Kericho, Nakuru, Nairobi and Mombasa and tens of houses torched. The worst incident appeared to be in Kipkelion (Kericho) where six people were killed and 50 houses burnt on Saturday night 19 January. In Nairobi Sunday 20 January, at least three people were killed in Huruma slums and 13 admitted to Kenyatta National Hospital with machete cuts.

UNICEF says that reports indicate that there are approximately 1,000 displaced persons arriving in Nakuru on a daily basis from violence-affected areas in North Rift Valley Province. Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) and the District Disaster Committee in Nakuru estimate the number in Kipkelion, Nakuru, Molo, Narok South and North, Naivasha, and Nakuru north to between 78,000 and 90,000 persons (between 15,600 and 18,000 of whom are under five years old).  The IDP numbers keep changing, however, due to influx and outflux from the Nakuru area.

The conditions for IDPs in Nakuru area have become difficult due to recent rains. Relief personnel indicate that accommodation as well as storage of food and other supplies have become difficult.

Former Secretary-General of the UN, Kofi Annan, is expected to arrive tomorrow in Nairobi where he will be joined by Graca Machel and Tanzania's Benjamin Mkapa to begin their mission as the African Union Panel of Eminent Personalities to facilitate negotiations for a political solution to the disputed presidential election results.  

Humanitarian response

Non-food items (NFI)

UNHCR distributed 296 family kits to the displaced in Jamhuri Park in Nairobi through Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) Sunday 20 January. Today the agency delivered 400 more kits to the KRCS for further distribution.

Trucks carrying 340 family kits and 10,000 sanitary packs arrived in Eldoret on Saturday 19 January. UNHCR plans to start distributing the family kits and sanitary material to the displaced in the Eldoret area through the KRCS.

100 tons of humanitarian supplies such as mosquito nets and plastic sheeting from UNHCR emergency stockpiles in Dubai have been flown to Nairobi. Some of these supplies will be used to replenish stocks in Dadaab refugee camp in the north-east of Kenya from where supplies have been borrowed to the current crisis.

Food

In Eldoret and its environs, a joint assessment by KRCS, World Vision International and WFP began on Friday to verify the actual numbers of IDPs and assess the severity and expected duration of food insecurity among the IDPs. KRCS estimates some 116,000 people displaced in the North Rift region and WFP and KRCS are preparing a distribution plan to provide one-month rations.

According to KRCS, there are significant and urgent food needs in Nakuru region. WFP dispatched a team on 18 January and the first food consignment for Nakuru arrived from Mombasa today. In addition, eight trucks with a total capacity of 188.3 metric tons were dispatched for operation in Eldoret and Kisumu areas.

The situation in Nairobi's Kibera slum still warrants another round of food distribution for vulnerable people. The third general food distribution targeting 12,000 households (some 72,000 individuals) is planned by the end of this week.

Following a road block incident near Eldoret on the evening of 16 January, it was decided to distribute WFP stickers and flags to the commercial trucks operating for WFP to clearly indicate that these trucks are carrying relief items. The two commercial trucks carrying WFP food involved in the roadblock incident on Wednesday 16 January left Eldoret for Uganda today after the delay.

On 19 January, 12 trucks with 402 metric tons of food were dispatched from Mombasa to different places in Kenya under the agency's regular activities within Country Programmes, PRRO, and EMOP. Food on these trucks was also destined for DRC and Somalia.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

The International Rescue Committee (IRC) Kenya today concluded its water/sanitation intervention in the Jamhuri Park having donated 600 jerry cans, 1,200 cups and 600 bars of soap and conducting trainings. The health training included basics of health education; how to conduct health education sessions; hand washing; proper use of latrines; waste disposal; prevention of diseases; and child health.

Education

In Nakuru, 18 of 134 schools have not opened and 241 teachers have not reported for duty as at 18 January, UNICEF reports. 800 displaced persons are camped in nearby Londiani and Kizito where 370 children are not in school due to the recent closures. In Molo, 60 per cent of the region's 151,000 children are out of school due to insecurity and displacement. 390 of the area's schools were burnt, looted, or vandalized. UNICEF is responding by providing tents and recreation kits to enable temporary schools to accommodate displaced children.  These items are being distributed by the Kenya Red Cross Society to displaced sites around the country.  

Protection

World Vision (WV) has identified key issues that need to be addressed in IDP settings. They include lack of security; lack of family privacy with men, women and children sleeping in the same area; and cases of Gender-based Violence. According to WV, Nairobi Women's Hospital reports that on the first day of rallies called by the Opposition last week, the hospital admitted eight girls who had been raped on the same day, the youngest of them 12 years old.

WV recommends setting up child friendly spaces within the camps (the organization is already in discussions with other agencies managing the camps to realize that); assurance of security for the displaced; start training mothers in health, nutrition, care, child protection and rights issues. WV also recommends that people's entrance to the camps should be monitored; distribution should be professionalized; and registration of people in the camps should be prioritized. In addition, WV is carrying out assessments to understand the root causes of animosity in the different communities where the agency is intervening.

Contact:

Nasser Ega-Musa/UNIC Nairobi
Tel: 254 735 232539 (Nasser.ega-musa@unon.org)

Jeanine Cooper/OCHA support to the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator
Tel: 254 722 720 944 (jeanine.cooper@undp.org)

Inderpal Dhiman/ Assistant to the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator
Tel: 254 727 400 545 (dhiman.inderpal@undp.org)