Kenya post-election emergency response inter-cluster progress report 6 - 08 Feb 2008

Situation Report
Originally published






The information contained in this report has been gathered by the cluster leads from cluster members and UNDSS and consolidated by OCHA.

Situation Overview

1. The security situation in most parts of the country remains tense but stable with no major displacements reported. Transport of assistance has improved, although access to some affected populations continues to be a challenge due to security reasons and fluid population movements.

2. The current pattern of camps closing and reopening after only a few days presents logistical difficulties as far as the provision of supplies and affects the possibility for pupils to have a seamless school schedule.

3. The prevention of further displacement and insecurity within and surrounding IDP sites, especially in smaller remote sites, remain areas of concern.

4. Nationwide, 300,000 people remain displaced in 296 camps. Tens of thousands more people are housed with families. Over 1,000 people have now been killed in the violence.

5. UN Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes arrived in Kenya on Friday for a three-day visit.

6. The UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has sent a fact-finding mission to investigate human rights violations during the violence.

7. As lead agency in Camp Coordination and Management, the Kenya Red Cross camp managers in each site are entrusted to identify gaps in the response, and ensure the overall management of the sites. As such, the KCR is distributing a matrix to all humanitarian partners to determine which actors are providing services by sector in each IDP site. Camp coordination and management training is being planned to strengthen the effectiveness of government and Red Cross staff in overall administration and management of IDP sites.

8. Although some schools are now opening, attendance is reportedly low but increasing. For displaced pupils, some district administrations are finding places in other schools to ensure minimal disruption to their education. However, concerns remain that children are not being allowed to integrate into schools. Non-formal education in camps remains a requirement for these out of schoolchildren.

9. So far, 3,823 MT of assorted food commodities have been distributed to 372,215 people including 211,715 displaced people and 160,500 vulnerable people affected by the crisis.

10. The nutrition situation is still of concern. Whilst nutrition services are currently reaching out about 90% of the affected populations, management of severe malnutrition remains limited. Furthermore, although the geographical coverage has improved, gaps remain in Naivasha as well as Kericho and Kurosoi. Levels of malnutrition are likely to increase with health problems such as diarrhoea and malaria.

11. Health services in the affected areas are still disrupted by insecurity. Health facilities are closed, health workers are displaced and supplies cannot be delivered.

12. The Heath of Ministry is establishing enhanced communicable disease surveillance in IDP camps and all actors working in the camps are requested to report any suspected disease outbreaks to the District Disease Surveillance Coordinator.

13. The main health concerns being reported from camps are acute respiratory infections, diarrhoea, and fever including malaria. Many camps have problems of overcrowding, lack of shelter, lack of safe water, and of food; poor sanitation and waste management; and lack of drugs and commodities in areas that are hard to reach.

14. To prevent possible disruptions in ART and a breakdown in the supply chain of treatment commodities, outreach or static services have been established in some camps, efforts are being made to deliver ARV drugs to patients marooned in their homes, and KEMSA is monitoring the availability of ARVs.

15. A system on tracking the shelter and Non-Food Items (NFIs) distributed so far to identify gaps in assistance delivery is being worked on, and the tools will help all actors to plan for filling in eventual gaps in NFIs assistance. Plans are being developed for a low-cost shelter kit that can be distributed to affected populations moving out of IDP camps and returning to their former homes.

16. The logistics situation appears to be improving; reported incidents of violence are reducing and the introduction of military protected convoys from Nairobi to the Ugandan border at Malaba (and return) has encouraged transporters to despatch trucks of food, fuel and NFI's. The military protected convoys depart daily.

17. The export of fuel to neighbouring countries is still facing disruptions particularly from Nakuru but Eldoret and Kisumu are now despatching many trucks on a frequent basis which should meet consumption demand. February is a month of increased demand due to the agricultural land preparation throughout the region, so the current increase in volumes being exported is encouraging.