Kenya post-election emergency response inter-cluster progress report 5 - 05 Feb 2008

Situation Report
Originally published






The information contained in this report has been gathered by the cluster leads from cluster members and UNDSS and consolidated by OCHA.

Situation Overview

1. The security situation in most parts of the country has improved slightly, though displacements continue. Nakuru, Naivasha, Kuresoi, Mau summit, Molo and parts of the Rift Valley and Nairobi and its surroundings have all seen further displacements this week.

2. Access to the affected populations continues to be a challenge due to security reasons and population movements.

3. Mediation efforts led by Kofi Annan continue with a framework for negotiations being agreed. A truth and reconciliation commission to help end the crisis has been suggested.

4. The Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes is expected in Kenya this week.

5. The Kenya Red Cross reports that over 300,000 people are displaced in 296 camps countrywide. Tens of thousands more people are housed with families. Over 1,000 people have now been killed in the violence.

6. The prevention of further displacement; insecurity within and surrounding IDP sites especially smaller remote sites; the need to maintain humanitarian access; and the involvement of children and adolescents in the violence remain priority areas of concern. There are reports of sexual exploitation occurring, particularly of young girls, forced to exchange sex for food, money or other necessities. Save the Children is drafting a national strategy for Child Protection

7. To date 3,602 MT of assorted food commodities have been distributed to 341,500 people including 181,000 displaced people and 161,500 vulnerable people affected by the crisis in the slums of Nairobi and Kisumu. Adequate WFP stocks are in place in four operational hubs (Eldoret, Kisumu, Nakuru, Nairobi) in addition to GoK and KRC stocks.

8. The nutrition situation is still of concern. Nutritional screenings conducted in 64 camps in the past weeks showed that levels of malnutrition are far higher than expected in these populations. Levels of malnutrition are likely to increase with health problems such as diarrhoea and malaria. Whilst nutrition services are currently reaching out about 70% of the affected populations, management of severe malnutrition remains limited. The geographical coverage of the minimum package has improved although gaps remain in Naivasha, Nairobi and Koibatek.

9. With the violence affecting agriculture and markets, there is reduced staple food output from Kenya's grain basket region of North Rift. This may worsen the country's food security situation later in the year and early 2009. Furthermore, with existing livelihoods affected there is a risk that food secure households become chronically food insecure.

10. The Kenya Red Cross has assumed leadership CCCM cluster in line with the Government's decision, with support from UNHCR. Plans are being finalized for supporting the authorities in the registration of IDPs. Frequent movement of IDPs and ongoing insecurity has made service provision difficult and lack of clearly recognised IDP sites is making planning and management of IDP sites problematic.The GBV Sub-Cluster reported that some basic needs not being met in some camps, e.g. underwear and sanitary pads, blankets, alternatives to mosquito nets such as sprays, mats for sleeping, bucket basins for washing, and firewood. The WASH cluster reports that the majority of camps are not meeting minimum standards in terms of water supply and sanitation. With improved monitoring systems the cluster is working towards bringing camps up to SPHERE standards.

11. The health delivery system is minimally functional especially at the district level because staff have abandoned their posts as a result of insecurity.

12. HIV/AIDS, Gender, GBV and Early Recovery are being mainstreamed across the clusters, with focal points assigned to all relevant clusters.

13. In many districts, schools have not been fully reopened, and enrolment is limited. The actual total number of schools that have been burned, looted or in need of rehabilitation remains unknown. Many schools are intact but the psychosocial needs of teachers and students need to be considered. Threats have been made against the opening of schools as they are 'government' institutions. The crisis is having a national impact outside of the impact area. Teachers are returning from their teaching posts in other areas, classes are untaught and many teachers are requesting to be transferred to areas they felt secure. 14. The logistics situation remains very unpredictable and security continues to be the biggest challenge. This has made the movement of all commodities from Nairobi to storage and distribution points particularly difficult. Drivers feel at risk when entering areas of conflict and owners are reluctant to commit assets while the situation continues to be so changeable. The entire sector from Nairobi to Kisumu, Busia, Malaba and Kitale presents problems. 15. The export of fuel to neighbouring countries has been severely disrupted currently at 75% of pre-violence levels. The greatest impact is from the Nakuru depot. All trucks are now departing with protected convoys. The Logistics Cluster is exploring contingency routes to Uganda, Rwanda, DRC and South Sudan via Tanzania if the current transport security issues persist.

For more information, please contact:

Jeanine Cooper: +254 (0)722720944,; Dijana Duric: +254 (0)728601291,; Christina Bennett, Public Information Officer, OCHA-New York: +1 917 367 8059, mobile: +1 917 435 8617,; Elisabeth Byrs, Public Information Officer, OCHA-Geneva: +41 22 917 2653,