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Kenya: Population movement – Somali Refugees Emergency appeal n°MDRKE018 Operation update n°1

Situation Report
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Period covered by this Ops Update: October 2011- January 2012

Appeal target (current): CHF 26,154,197;

Appeal coverage: 27% as of 24 January 2012

Appeal history: • A preliminary emergency appeal was launched on 19 October 2011 for CHF 27,618,017 (plus an estimated CHF 3,050,000 for emergency response units) to assist 60,000 beneficiaries for 12 months. • An Emergency Appeal was launched on 29 November 2011 for CHF 26,154,197 for 12 months to assist 76,000 beneficiaries; this is likely to increase to 110,000 over the operational timeframe. • Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 500,000 was initially allocated from the Federation’s DREF to support the National Society to respond.

Summary: The Kenya Red Cross Society officially took over the management of IFO 2 WEST Refugee camp on 22 November 2011 from the Lutheran World Federation (LWF). The handover kit received by the society for the overall management of the camp contained a list of block section leaders and their contacts, ration cards, terms of reference for staff incentives, training manuals, list of other agencies working in the camp, list of vulnerable persons, minutes of meetings held, reports, planning maps and number of facilities in the camp. The current population at the IFO 2 refugee camp stands at 75,992 persons (40,992 people at IFO 2 West and 35,000 at IFO 2 East camp). The society also took over the operation of two health facilities from MSF-Spain at both camps. With the launching of the Emergency Appeal, the society has initiated a third health intervention in IFO 2 West camp, which provides outpatient curative services, maternal and child services and referral services for the complicated medical cases. In addition, the society successfully completed a polio campaign (two rounds) at IFO 2 West and East in which 17,827 children were immunized. Additionally, 3,150 children under 10 years with severe malnutrition have been admitted into the outpatient therapeutic programme (OTP) under the nutritional component of the programme. A total of 77 community health workers (CHW) have been recruited by the society in order to assist in the identification and follow-up of children in the nutritional programme, thereby reducing the default rate within the programme. The CHWs have also undergone training in the Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation in Emergencies (PHASTER) methodologies and are involved in hygiene promotion activities.

At least 100 patients have received psychosocial support while at the camp. KRCS has noted a need to prioritize child protection issues within the camp as the abuse of children with disabilities and albinism in particular has been highlighted by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

In assessing current gaps, the WatSan team’s rapid needs assessment of the two camps found that only 794 latrines out of the required 1,792 latrines (44%) were functional. The team further discovered that water trucking is the camp’s main source of water and therefore a great gap exists in the provision of safe water. A total of 43,008 jerry cans were washed by community members under the hygiene promotion component of the project in order to improve hygiene practices at the household level. At least 1,950 community members participated in the activity.

As an essential cross cutting activity, KRCS has trained 43 community peace and security focal points on how to build peace and security among the refugee population.

Donor response to the appeal so far stands at 27%. This means that only CHF 7,657,204 out of the requested CHF 28,082,865 has been received. Further contributions are still needed to meet the needs of the affected refugee populations.

The major donors and partners of the Appeal include the Red Cross Societies of Australia, Britain, China, Japan, Norway, Monaco, Sweden, Taiwan, Canada and Netherlands. UNHCR and the National Societies of Denmark, Finland, Germany and Spain as well as other corporate and private donors have been assisting the Kenya Red Cross bilaterally.