Kenya: Polio Outbreak, DREF operation n° MDRKE019 final report


DREF operation n° MDRKE019

GLIDE n° EP-2011-000174-KEN

30 April 2012

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation’s disaster response system and increases the ability of National Societies to respond to disasters.

Summary: CHF 314,019 was allocated from the Federation’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) on 10 November 2011 to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) in providing polio immunization to children aged under 5 years in Coast, Western, Nyanza, Upper Eastern, Rift Valley (North and South Rift) and North Eastern Provinces in Kenya for 2 months.

The overall aim of the campaign was to provide emergency assistance to vulnerable communities as a contribution to the eradication of Polio in Kenya, hence reducing morbidity and mortality attributable to Polio epidemics.

The campaign was undertaken in 209 Divisions from 58 Districts across these seven provinces. In total, 3,501,799 children were immunized against the Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation’s (MoPHS) target of 3,085,997 in the 58 districts. This represents an achievement of 113% weighed against the MoPHS target. The achievement is even higher (164 %) weighed against KRCS target of immunizing 2,122,964 children.

This was made possible by the DREF contribution which was used to facilitate capacity building for effective social mobilization, including community awareness creation and logistics during outreach sessions. The exercise deployed a total of 179 coaches and 1,453 volunteers to encourage community members to avail their children for immunization.

European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO) contributed to the DREF in replenishment of the allocation made for this operation. Details of 2011 contributions to DREF are found at: