Violent inter-communal conflicts continued to be widespread in northern Rift Valley. From 1 January to 30 June 2015, 310 people lost their lives, 195 were injured and 216,294 had been displaced as a result of unresolved border conflicts, cattle rustling and revenge attacks, competition over land and water resources, and political conflict. The main areas of inter-communal conflict in 2015 have been the northern counties of Turkana, Baringo, Samburu, Marsabit and Isiolo, particularly between the Pokot and Turkana communities as well as the Samburu and Turkana communities, such as the Nadome incidents in May which killed 100 persons.
During the first quarter of this year, the number of attacks on civilians by armed opposition groups (AOG) was lower compared to the three previous quarters of 2014, including a significant decline in the number of attacks on the Coast. The second quarter saw an increased number of attacks, particularly in Garissa and Lamu Counties, including an attack on Garissa University on 2 April killing 148 persons; two incidents at Yumbis village close to Dadaab refugee camp; and the attack on the Baure military base in June. Overall this has reduced humanitarian space and increased operating risks for non-local staff in north-eastern areas.
Humanitarian access and delivery of essential basic social services has been significantly constrained by continuous inter-communal conflict and AOG attacks, especially in northern, eastern and Coast regions.The resulting mass exodus of teachers and health workers since December 2014 has negatively impacted the quality of education, health care and provision of nutrition assistance. Poor roads and hilly terrain contribute to the high levels of insecurity and inaccessibility in some regions.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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