Kenya Red Cross(KRC), Government of Kenya(GoK), Office of the President/Special Programmes, and WFP are coordinating the single-food-pipeline and food assistance activities in Kenya, building on the existing food assistance coordination mechanisms in Kenya.
According to Government statistics, the 'Rudi Nyumbani' (Return Home) operation recently launched has so far seen an estimated 125,000 persons resettled by the Government; actual numbers are lower. Population in camps is reducing, but a significant group mainly of traders, landless persons and other vulnerable groups without land to return to are likely to remain in the camps; Population in 134 IDP camps stands at 113,065.
WFP/KRC has agreed to provide the returnees with a one month ration during this transition. However, lack or coordination and consultations during the exercise have in the past week resulted in reported incidences of persons leaving the camps without food allocations as camps were hurriedly closed posing difficulties in assessing and establishing locations where these persons moved to supply them with the necessary food requirements.
The general security situation in the country was calm. Few incidents of road banditry, hijacking of public transport means, robbery and violence against passengers were reported over the week, but in no way related to the post election crisis. There was reported tension in Mandera and along the Kenya/Somali border as the Kenyan security forces beefed up their presence after the killing of the Islamic Court Union militant commander in Somalia last week. In Mt. Elgon, military operations to neutralize the sabaot land defence force are ongoing; yesterday 18 May, 2008, the leader of the force was killed by police.
GoK, KRC, WFP, and partners have jointly delivered 13,354 mt of assorted food. WFP stocks are in place at four operational hubs (Eldoret, Kisumu, Nakuru, Nairobi), in addition to GoK and KRC stocks, to respond to identified needs for the current distribution. WFP will face pipeline breaks for cereal shortfalls in June, and pipeline breaks for all commodities from July onwards.
The movement of returnees is ongoing
at a slow pace in the post election areas, and has not been without resistance
by some of the communities being resettled. In some instances, there have
been reported incidences of increment in the camps, a situation attributed
to security reasons and an outcry for compensation from the Government
by returnees. GoK/WFP/KRC continues to provide food requirements to the
resettled persons at the point of departure, although in some cases as
highlighted above, some of the returnees have left camp without food resulting
in returns to the camps. WFP will however continue to provide the returnees
with food assistance after resettlement to assist with recovery.
KRC/OCHA/UNHCR are arranging for registration of IDPs movement from the camps to allow for pre-planning for assistance in destination areas of IDPs. The results of this are expected in the coming month.
Under the IASC Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan, WFP appealed for additional USD 84.35 million needed to cater for IDPs and populations affected by short rains failure in arid and semi-arid districts until the end of 2008, and an additional appeal for food requirements of 140,695 mt of food commodities. (Inclusive of USD 84 million under the IASC appeal). These food commodities are not a part of the KRC April appeal for additional funding.
Nyanza and Western Provinces
A total of 1,496 mt food has been distributed in Nyanza and Western Provinces from 9 January through end of April. In the month of May, some 18,778 beneficiaries have received 320 mt of assorted food commodities as at 15 May 2008.
The 6th round of distribution commenced on 12 May 2008, with a total 3,428 persons targeted in 12 camps; of these, 2,958 persons were fed with 53.55mt of assorted food items. Distribution of food to returnees in Homa bay and Busia commenced on 13 May 2008 with a total 7,778 persons and 133.818mt distributed. Distributions for Siaya was completed on 9 May 2008 with 10,421 returnees fed in the month of May and 175.055 mt distributed. Training of KRC volunteers on food distribution was done in Rachuonyo, Nyando, Busia and Homa bay. Plans are underway for the resettlement of IDPs in Nyanza.
A total of 211.065 MT of assorted commodities was dispatched and distributed to IDPs returning to their farms from Burnt Forest; ASK Kitale, Bungoma and Geta farm area. The 5th round distribution was finalized in Trans Nzoia on 8 May, 2008. A total 86,244 persons served with a monthly ration at 64 sites with the exception of 135 persons from PCEA Munyaka where verification process had not been complied with. Planning for the 6th round of distribution is ongoing, though likely to be hampered by the resettlement of IDP's to farms that is ongoing posing challenges especially with regards to targeting and prioritization of camps within the area. The resettlement programme has so far seen a total 17,875 internally displaced persons moved and 260 mt distributed as at 14 May 2008.
A one month ration was distributed to 7,663 IDP's across Molo and Kuresoi districts. All 13 camps in Kipkelion district are now closed down. In Molo, movement is expected to continue during the week. The 6th distribution is however complete in the two districts. Of the 9,327 initial IDP's in the camps across Molo and Kuresoi districts, 7,663 have been moved to farms within the districts. All returnees received a month's food ration. Challenges are envisaged in verification and registration of the IDP's per farm.
Nairobi & Central
There were no reportable activities in Nairobi slums and its' environs. There are 4,617 IDPs in camps in Nairobi and the environs (Limuru). Kenya Red Cross (KRC) is providing them with food aid. This week KRC requested WFP to provide 81 Mt of food aid to support this group. Discussions are ongoing on how to cater for this group.