Kenya

Kenya Humanitarian Update vol. 38, 09 - 22 Oct 2008

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HIGHLIGHTS

- More than 6,000 people were displaced by flash floods in Mandera district on 14 October and three people are feared dead. Over 1,200 households were affected by flooding in Turkana.

- Food security is expected to deteriorate to extreme levels in parts of Northern and North Eastern Kenya by March 2009.

- Clashes kill at least ten in the Mandera districts and the situation remains volatile along the Somali border.

- At least eight "self-help" groups are in the process of relocating from IDP camps to land they are collectively purchasing.

The information contained in this report has been compiled by OCHA from information received from the field, from national and international humanitarian partners and from other official sources. It does not represent a position from the United Nations. This report is posted on: http://ochaonline.un.org/kenya

I. General Overview

The Commission of Inquiry into the Post Election Violence (CIPEV) released its report on the violence as part of the National Dialogue and Reconciliation process. The CIPEV was designed to investigate the facts and circumstances surrounding the violence and the conduct of state security agencies so as to recommend punitive measures to hold responsible parties accountable.

The Commission concluded that the violence was based on ethnicity and political leanings, which was exacerbated by a collapse of the state institutions and security forces. The findings noted that violence was spontaneous in some areas and more thoroughly planned in others, highlighting that individuals, parties, and institutions were involved at various stages of planning and carrying out the violence.

The increasing association of the presidency with the accrual of benefits to affiliated ethnic groups was cited as fuelling the conflict. Inequities and economic marginalization were also noted as key drivers of the conflict, particularly as disparities are viewed in ethno-geographic terms.

The Report recommended that a special tribunal be set up within sixty days to seek accountability from individuals who bear the greatest responsibility for crimes during the violence. Indeed, the identification and prosecution of those responsible for the PEV has become a key litmus test of whether Kenya can overcome past cycles of impunity and facilitate sustainable reconciliation, however the list of those who will be held accountable has not been publically released.

His Excellency Kofi Annan, who mediated the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation process, urged political leaders, some of whom are already campaigning for the 2012 general elections, to focus on implementing the recommendations of the CIPEV report, including the special tribunal, as well as long-term reforms to address regional development imbalances; unemployment, particularly among the youth; and constitutional reforms.