Kenya

Kenya Humanitarian Update Jul 2003


Humanitarian Update is published by the Disaster Prevention, Management and Coordination Unit under the UN Kenya Resident Coordinator Office, UN Complex, Block Q, Gigiri, Nairobi, Kenya.
Overview

Some showers of rain were experienced in the Arid districts of Samburu, Tana River and Ijara while most parts of the country remained dry signifying the end of the long rains. Water situation remained good in most of the districts where the boreholes remained closed and the main source of water for both domestic and livestock use remained the water pans, dams and river wells.

On Food security, parts of Baringo and West Pokot are experiencing food stress despite receiving normal to above normal amounts of rainfall in the just concluded long rains season, an assessment of the long rains crop performance has revealed. The food insecurity was affected by low livestock prices and high prices for cereals. The country has started importing maize to cover an anticipated shortfall due to poor distribution of the long rains. The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) had anticipated a national shortfall of an estimated 270,000 MT in July to September season.

UNICEF has sent supplies for Supplementary Feeding Programmes (SFPs) in Turkana. The supplies will also cover Wet Feeding Programme carried out in the Catholic mission ECD centres and Therapeutic Feeding Programme by the International Rescue Committee (IRC).

Meanwhile, the Save the Children Fund (UK) is working on developing a nutrition information system (NIS) in Kenya through the support of UNICEF. The work will be undertaken in 6-8 weeks. This study will review NIS in place in Kenya on a much broader national scale.

Repatriation of Somali refugees from Kenya to the self-declared autonomous region of Puntland, north-eastern Somalia resumed in the third week of July. The operation was restarted on 19 July after a two-month suspension due to lack of funds for the flights to Somalia.

So far, 93 refugees have been flown from Dadaab Refugee Camp, in north-eastern Kenya, to Puntland. About 534 refugees have already returned since the operation began in mid-May. Some 2,880 refugees have signed up for the voluntary return to Somalia and the agency is encouraging more to follow suit.

Food insecurity persists in some pockets

Parts of Baringo are food insecure despite receiving normal to above normal amounts of rainfall in the just concluded long rains season, an assessment of long rains crop performance has revealed. The food insecurity has been compromised by low livestock prices and high prices for cereals. During the long rains, some rivers changed courses excluding areas which relied on the water for irrigation. In addition. Perkerra and Kamoskoi irrigations schemes were affected.

The Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG) has recommended enhancement of the Food for Work (FfW) pro-gramme to cushion the vulnerable population and an immediate reconstruction of the damaged schemes to enhance food security.

In West Pokot, the situation has stabilised after the Government sent in maize, beans and vegetable oil for 92,922 peo-ple affected. The area received heavy and sustained rainfall and the crops are at various stages of development.

Like Baringo, the residents are suffering high cereals prices and depressed livestock prices. However, the Government stocks have stabilised market prices.

West Pokot and Baringo have been of concern due to increasing food insecurity and vulnerability as well as a rise in malnutrition in Turkana District. It was resolved that there is an urgent need to build the capacity of the District Steering Group to co-ordinate the ongoing relief and food security interventions.

In Marsabit, the KFSSG recommended supply of more food to increase scope and coverage of the food for work on-going projects. Areas of intervention include construction of dams, water pans and repair of existing irrigation schemes. The area has not recovered fully from poor rainfall in the last three years. Rainfall season was short and erratic and there is a likelihood of poor harvest because some crops are already experiencing moisture distress.

As for Isiolo, World Food Programme said it has phased out food for work pro-gramme. Assessment of the area revealed that farmers need seeds and tools to expand irrigation farms in Kinna and Merti. Also reported was human/wildlife conflict and destruction of irrigation canals, water pans, shallow wells and some farms. The rains were short but heavy and livestock is already migrating to the dry season grazing grounds which is earlier than usual.The Ukambani area of Kitui, Mwingi and Makueni sold off most of their harvest though they have enough stocks to last them until end of August. The rain was not adequate and they are expecting to harvest about 50% of the normal yield in this season. However, this may not have had a major effect on the food security situation because thei main season is between November and December. It was recommended that early warning systems should be closely monitored for any deviations. The KFSSG expressed concern on the coastal region and recommended an exhaustive food security assessment of the region. Taita Taveta was not covered in the latest assessment. Rainfall has been inadequate in the last three years. Short term intervention such as an urgent nutrition survey for Kwale and Kilifi districts was recommended. In addition, the assessment team urged distribution of relief food, expanding the school feeding programme and distribution of seeds and farm inputs.

Lower maize yield expected this season

K enya has started importing maize to cover ananticipated shortfall due to poor distribution of the long rains. The Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) had anticipated a national shortfall of an estimated 270,000 MT in July to September season.

However, the Ministry of Agriculture has now confirmed that 200,000 tonnes of maize is to be imported to cover a shortfall before the grain matures in areas that supply the market during this season.

Some 100,000 tonnes is expected to come from South Africa, 27,000 tonnes from Malawi and 54,000 tonnes from Tanzania. Approximately 130,00 tonnes of maize were carried over form the last season and the expected yield from the early crop is 400,000 tonnes against an estimated consumption of 730,000 tonnes for the months of July, August and September.

The agriculture ministry expects a national maize production of two million MT this season compared to 2.4m MT harvested during similar periods in the past.

Shortfall

The shortfall was occasioned by late onset of rains, erratic pattern and crop destruction by floods. The early crop was affected by poor soil moisture conditions with resulted in withering and poor performance of the early crop.

This season an estimated 990,000 hectares was planted with maize and 430,000 hectares with beans, representing 87 and 85 percent of average, respectively. The lower-than-average hectarage is attributed to the late start to the season in Eastern, Central and Coast Provinces, followed by poor rains in the Coast and parts of Eastern Province.

Because of the late start of season, most of this year's harvest will be late. Close to 20 percent of the long-rains output from Nyanza and the southern part of Rift Provinces is now approaching maturity and should be harvested in early August, which is at least one month later than normal.

Formation

While 60 percent of the crop in Eastern and Central Provinces is at the cob formation stage and the rest is at the 'knee-high' stage, 50 percent of the maize initially planted is unlikely to fully mature or be harvested.

In addition, close to 80 percent of the crop in the key Rift Valley Province is at the knee-high stage, while it should, in fact, be close to the tas-selling stage. Fortunately close to 70 percent of the bean crop is mature and should be harvested towards the end of July. Unlike the maize crop, the rest of the bean crop should fully mature.

Crop condition is mixed, depending on the performance of the long rains in each region. Generally, crop condition is good in Rift Valley, Western and Nyanza provinces.

Crop condition is however poor in most of Coast province and in the marginal agricultural districts of Eastern province, where the long rains have performed poorly.

Expected maize production during long rains season has been revised upwards to 2 million MT. (10% below normal) due to continued good rainfall in Western and North Rift provinces, and in the highlands of Nyanza provinces.

Since late April to-date, the rains have performed relatively well in these areas. The expected bean production is still estimated at 180,000 MT close to average.

Exhausted

National maize supply situation continues to be tight since the majority of millers, traders and households have exhausted their maize stocks.

Supply situation is likely to remain precarious from July through September 2003 due to delayed peak harvesting, below normal quantities of early maize crop (which under normal circumstances should bridge the gap between July and October), and insignificant carryover stocks into July this year.

The National Cereals and Produce Board (NCPB) has reassured Kenyans that the food situation has started improving following the start of harvesting in some parts of the country like Kisii, Gu-cha, Bomet and Trans Mara.

In order to control spiralling grain cost, the Government has authorised sale of one million bags of maize from the strategic grain reserves to ease demand. Maize prices in most parts of the country are 60-100 percent higher than in 2002.

Imports

Maize prices rose in key reference markets as the national maize supply continued to shrink. Most of the other major markets across the country are experiencing the same rises, apart from Mombasa, which was supplied with maize through cross-border imports from Tanzania during June.

However, the rate of increase was lower in June than in May, with Nairobi recording a two percent increase, and Kisumu and Eldoret recording increases of 13 and seven percent respectively during June, as compared to around 20 percent in May.

These high prices are because of the unusually high demand for maize, which is related to the delay in the early maize harvest. Most producers and millers have exhausted their supplies and households have run down their stocks. Minimal sales of maize by the NCPB and disproportionate inflows from neighbouring countries have also contributed to the high prices.

High maize prices are already compromising the purchasing power of poor households, especially in food insecure areas, and undermining the recovery of pastoralists in areas where livestock production indicators have otherwise been good.

(source: NCPB and FEWS NET)

Nutrition programme starts in Turkana

As a follow up to the nutrition survey of March 2003, UNICEF has sent supplies for Supplementary Feeding Programmes (SFPs) run by World Vision Kenya (WV-K) and the Catholic Mission in Turkana. The supplies will also cover Wet Feeding Pro-gramme carried out in the Catholic mission ECD centres and Therapeutic Feeding Programme by the International Rescue Committee (IRC). Oxfam GB has mapped out an operational plan for Turkana and is still soliciting for funding.

The assessment carried out by Medecins Sans Frontiers -France in Turkana was not a nutrition survey, but rather a health survey-looking into available statistics from district health facilities and interviewing key people with the purpose of analysing the current health/nutrition situation with regard to the rains' situation. The survey was carried out in areas covered by the Oxfam GB March 2003 nutrition survey for easy accessibility.

The team noted a great improvement of the situation compared to the March nutrition surveys in terms of food security. They noted the presence of many goats, sheep, an indication of improved food security as well as pasture and browse.

Cases of malnutrition were noted only in Kaleng and were related to social problems, for instance, being orphaned, from poor households or from female headed households. The group noted lack of potable water, and cases of diarrhoea and malaria cases though the situation was said to be within usual prevalence rates for the season.

UNICEF urged members of the Health and Nutrition Coordination Team on recognize the fact that the March surveys were conducted when the situation was at extreme stress, with very high malnutrition and morbidity rates, while MSF-F went in at a time when the rains had started. Further, the two assessments should not be compared as the methodologies used were different.

From a programmatic point of view, UNICEF will focus its intervention on pre-school feeding, de-worming, Vitamin A supplementation and care messages through parents /pre-schools. UNICEF is working with WV-K as an implementing partner.

Yellow Fever

In May 2003, an outbreak of yellow fever was confirmed by WHO in Imatong and Ikotos districts in Southern Sudan. This outbreak posed a big threat to Kenya owing to the constant traffic of people across the border into Turkana district in Kenya, for reasons of trade or seeking refuge from the insecurity in Southern Sudan, and the history of an outbreak of yellow fever in Kenya almost a decade ago. There were also indications of presence of the vector in that part of the country.

A technical working group was set up comprising of Ministry of Health (from Disease outbreak Management Unit, Epi-demiological Surveillance and the Kenya Expanded Programme on Immunization), WHO, UNICEF and UNHCR to develop a micro-plan on prevention of the outbreak in Kenya, covering mass vaccination in the population at risk, surveillance (including screening of people at cross-border points), community sensitization, sensitization of health workers, case management and entomological assessment.

A stakeholders (MOH, UNHCR, WHO, UNICEF, AMREF, Kenya Red Cross) meeting chaired by MOH was also held with the intention of mobilizing resources to implement the work-plan.

Through an appraisal visit to Turkana district by MOH, WHO and UNICEF, the District Health Management Team (DHMT) was trained on yellow fever prevention and control; surveillance, case management and vaccination guidelines were introduced to the DHMT; assessment of the risk to the district was done and it was found that about 185,000 population was at risk.

The group, in addition took an initial 10,000 doses of vaccine from KEPI that has been used to vaccinate health workers, immigration officers and any NGOs operating in the high risk areas. Another 100,000 doses of vaccine was mobilized from UNICEF while the MOH had offered 144,000 extra doses to meet the vaccination requirements in 4 divisions, namely, Lokichokio, Kibish, Kakuma and Oropot. Plans are underway for mass vaccination in the four divisions.

(Source: WHO)

Rural areas suffer poor water access

Most of the Kenya population drink unsafe water from unprotected wells and springs. However, access to safe water is more a rural than urban problem, according to the first Millennium Development Goals progress report for Kenya.

One of the targets of the Millennium Development Goals is to halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water.

There has been no improvement in access to safe drinking water in Kenya in the past decade according to the results of surveys in 1989, 1993 and 1998, the report says. The proportion of population with sustainable access to improved water source is expected to reach 74% in 2015 from 48% in 1990.

Access to adequate water supply is a fundamental need and human right, the report says. Lack of adequate water contributes to poor health, especially in children. Thus, access to water is a crucial element in the reduction of under-five mortality and morbidity, in particular in poor urban areas. (Source: UN Gazeti)

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the African Development Bank will finance a conservation project for Ewaso Ny'iro River Basin at a cost of US$30 million. The project covers Isiolo, Meru Central, Lai-kipia, Nyeri, Nyandarua Wajir Mandera and Garissa districts and is expected to last for six years. Most of the river passes through arid districts of Wajir, Mandera and Garissa.

Free treatment for TB and Malaria patients

Senior medical personnel from the Ministry of Health headquarters were sent to West Pokot District on July 5 to assess an outbreak of malaria which killed 13 people in one week and left hundreds admitted to hospitals.

The West Pokot District Commissioner (DC) said the medical officers teamed up with their colleagues from Rift Valley provincial headquarters to seek ways of containing the spread of the disease. Kacheliba, Kapenguria and Lelan divisions were the most hard hit. People were mobilised through the chiefs and their assistants to ensure that residents with malaria symptoms sought medical attention.

Some 1,494 people were treated as out-patients and 694 were admitted at the Kapenguria district hospital following the outbreak of highland malaria. Merlin took advantage of the Kisii Show (July 17 to 19) to disseminate to the public malaria control information.

To demonstrate the importance of Intersectoral Collaboration in the fight against malaria, Merlin's activities were jointly displayed with ICIPE, World Vision, MoH and the community based groups. The displays were consolidated in the Ministry of Health Kisii and DDC Gucha stands.

The three days activities involved displays, demonstration, distribution of educational materials, performances, information, and health education.

These included: Charts and photos with malaria control messages and activities being undertaken by Merlin and partners; Drugs and chemicals being used to effectively fight malaria; Demonstration of treatment of ITNs for effective control of mosquitoes and also the sale of mosquito nets in partnership with World Vision; Indoor residual spraying (IRS) was demonstrated as a means of controlling mosquito population; Also demonstration was done on microscopic diagnosis and treatment regimes

Group teachings were also undertaken by Merlin staff to students, pupils and the community; First Aid Kits donated by Merlin to schools were on display and demonstration done on how they are used and sustained; and about 1000 leaflets and booklets with malaria messages were distributed to the public.

To demonstrate community empowerment to fight malaria, Merlin supported 3 Bamako Initiative (BI) groups and four (4) schools to come to the show to educate the public on their activities in malaria control. These groups disseminated messages through songs, drama and carol verses about early detection, treatment, prevention and control of malaria.

Elsewhere, malaria patients at the Kisii district hospital were given free drugs. Director of medical services had directed that the medicines be given out after an outbreak of malaria in the district in the past few weeks.

Two months ago, he Health minister issued a verbal directive that malaria and TB patients receive free treatment at government hospitals, but the order was defied by medics who demanded an official document. (DN July 24)

Elsewhere, 28 people died of malaria related complications in Migori in the week of July 20-27. At the local district hospital, 45 per cent of the in-patients and 80 per cent of the out-patients were suffering from Malaria. In Kerio Valley the disease has claimed six people in 2 months.

NIS

Meanwhile, the Save the Children Fund (UK) is working on developing a nutrition information system (NIS) in Kenya through the support of UNICEF. The work will be undertaken in 6-8 weeks.

This study will review NIS in place in Kenya on a much broader national scale. SCF will collect information from MoH, Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), NGOs/CBOs, UNICEF and the H&N co-ordination team, FEWS-Net & Arid land bulletins.

Rural emphasis urged in HIV/Aids drive in Kenya

The World Bank too has asked the Kenya NationalAids Control Council (NACC) to put more resources to reaching out to the most affected populations in the rural areas. World Bank President who was on a visit to the country said there was a likelihood of renewed funding after the current loaning cycle because of the prevailing goodwill the country is enjoying.

He said the bank had created a new fund to cater for HIV and is ready to consider any other request from Kenya which could possibly be a grant instead of a loan.

Meanwhile, UNICEF has requested that School teachers who are HIV positive be given priority for anti-retroviral drugs in order to lower absenteeism. The UNICEF Country Representative said many Kenyan children would benefit from lower absenteeism in teachers.

Already, the country's education system has begun to experience increased problems of teacher absenteeism, loss of teachers, education officers, inspectors, planning and management personnel due to HIV/AIDS. A National Programme Guidelines on Orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS was launched in Nairobi. UNICEF says significant official resources from the Government budget and dedicated official time are now desperately needed to help cater for Kenya's orphans, not only for their immediate welfare, but also to protect the long-term property of the nation of Kenya. Statistics show that Kenya is now among the countries with the highest number of children orphaned by AIDS world-wide. The number of AIDS orphans is likely to double by 2010, when the total number of children orphaned by Aids will reach 2.2 million. UNICEF called for strengthening of the healthcare system in Kenya to facilitate effective distribution and use of anti-retroviral drugs.

The Home Affairs and National Heritage PS said 17 million Kenyans lived below the poverty line complicating the fight against AIDS. The PS said the care of the AIDS orphans remained one of the major challenges facing the Government.

Security mission in Turkana called off

On July 3, 2003, a Lutheran World Federation staff member (an implementing partner of UNHCR) was shot in the leg by unknown bandits. The incident occurred in Lokore area about 5 kms from Kakuma town on the Kakuma- Lodwar highway

The victim had hitched a ride from Lodwar in civilian lorry going to Kakuma without an escort. He was evacuated to Kakuma mission hospital and later to Nairobi for further medical attention.

Meanwhile, the Kenya Government lifted ban on flights to Somalia on July 5 after putting place appropriate security measures to ensure safety both passenger and cargo. Flights resumed on July 8.

Elsewhere, three Sudanese nationals were shot and seriously injured along the Loki-Nadapal (Kenya-Sudanese border crossing) road on July 9. The incident occurred approximately 20 kms from Lokichokio when the vehicle they were travelling in was attacked by bandits. The driver managed to drive through the ambush. The vehicle did not have a security escort. (Source OLS)

Security situation reports indicate that highway had been relatively calm for the last few months. OLS is still trying to ascertain why the Diocese of El-bed (Sudan) staff decided to travel without joining UN two scheduled escorts and to travel at night which is not allowed in UN security Phase 3 areas.

Calm has been restored in Kakuma and its environs following violent clashes between the refugee community and their hosts. The continued presence of GOK security forces in the area has helped to maintain peace in the refugee camp and the environs. As a result of their presence, the refugees have started returning to their residences. A temporary police post is being constructed in a sensitive part of the camp to enhance security. The DC Turkana visited the outlying areas near Kakuma and held peace meetings/ barazas with the residents.

The Law Society of Kenya (LSK) has drafted an alternative Suppression of Terrorism Bill and is pushing for it to be debated in Parliament instead of the one done by the Attorney General's office.

LSK says it has re-drafted it to address the twin issues of security and human rights for the accused persons. The Bill before Parliament had been criticised for being too similar to British and USA laws without being domesticated to reflect Kenyan realities and offer protection to the accused persons.

A Security operation in Turkana resulted in the death of two police officers and four civilians. The Government said the operation was aimed at flushing out bandits, but local leaders accused the Government of disarming the local communities.

The disarming would only aggravate insecurity as it denied the locals means of protecting themselves from attacks from across the porous borders, the leaders argued.

The operation had been backed up by two armoured cars from the Army which were stationed at Lopoding about 25 KM from Lokichokio Town. The security personnel recovered 16 guns, including AK 47 and G3 rifles, from the villagers.

Meanwhile Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) has pulled out of Mandera District citing insecurity.

The decision follows last month's attack on one of its staff at a local project. MSF said in a statement that it would not return to Mandera unless security was guaranteed and the motive of the attack made public. On June 26, a Dutch doctor was seriously injured by a hand grenade near a MSF compound. One Somali was killed and three Kenyans injured.

The wounded were admitted to hospital, while the doctor was flown to the Netherlands for further treatment. MSF was operating a treatment and feeding centre at the Mandera district hospital.

Earlier this month, the Police Department reported that 538 people have been murdered between January and May, 2003 countrywide. The figure is lower than the 642 people reported murdered in the same period last year and 658 in 2001.

The statistics released also indicated that rape cases showed an increase with 951 cases in the period between January and May 2003 com-pared to 784 in the same period in 2002 and 684 in 2001.

The statistics also show that there was a decrease in robbery cases with 3,415 cases in the period between January and May, 2003 compared to 3,520 in 2002 and 3,877 in 2001 in the same period. The number of motor vehicle thefts decreased to 367 in the period under review compared to 485 in 2002 and 393 in 2001. On average, incidents of crime decreased by 196 incidents compared to 198 in 2002 and 208 in 2001.

Hundreds of passengers travelling to Nairobi from Moyale town were stranded at the town following a decision by public service vehicle owners to withdraw their vehicles from plying the Moyale-Dabel-Wajir-Nairobi road and Moyale-Marsabit road over the scare of land mines.

Other passengers travelling to Moyale town were also stranded at Dabel trading centre, 60 km from Moyale, since Tuesday [22 July] over the same scare.

Cases of passengers being killed by land mines in the district had been on the increase in the last three weeks. Among those killed included the Officer Commanding Sololo Police Station, Inspector Arthur Imo, and his driver.

Nine people died on July 26 during a cattle raid between Turkana and Pokots. The Pokots suffered the highest casualties with six deaths while the Turkanas lost three people. The Pokots had raided a Turkana manyatta in the Lobei area and engaged police reservists in exchange of fire for nearly two hours before withdrawing to areas in West Pokot with numerous livestock. Most of the livestock was recovered. A number of wounded were treated at the Lod-war hospital. (Source UN security report and Turkana DC)

More Somali refugees repatriated

Repatriation of Somali refugees from Kenya to the self declared autonomous region of Puntland, north-eastern Somalia resumed in the third week of July.

The operation was restarted on 19 July after a two-month suspension caused by lack of funds for the flights to Somalia.

The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) said a total of 93 refugees were flown from Dadaab Refugee Camp, in north-eastern Kenya, to Puntland on July 19.

About 534 refugees have already returned since the operation began in mid-May. Some 2,880 refugees have signed up for the voluntary return to Somalia and the agency is encouraging more to follow suit. (Source IRIN July 22)

In another development, refugee elders in Kenya have com plained of a dramatic rise in police harassment in an open letter to Kenyan authorities.

In a memorandum dated July 13, the elders said that police harassment had decreased after the elections but has started to recur with a higher intensity. They charge that the police are asking for higher ransom money so as not to arrest the refugees which would lead to imprisonment. They said beefing up of security in areas with a high refugee population such as Eastleigh has resulted in an increase in extortion.

According to the elders, police demand between US $ 500 & 1,000 which is beyond the reach of most of the refugees. But the final bargain is between US $50 and US$100 dollars, which many refugees don't have.

A few female refugees said that some officers demand sexual favours in exchange of freedom. However, this is not rampant, the elders noted. The refugees feel most vulnerable when they visit organi-sations catering for their welfare such as IOM, JVA INS, UNHCR, embassies and even places of worship and hospitals. The elders lamented that refugees are used as scapegoat for any security problem affecting the country yet the elders had hoped that the trend would end after the new government came to power last December. They said they would support arrest and prosecution of any refugee who breaches the Kenyan law for committing a crime and abusing the hospitality. The refugees complained of inability to access the Kenyan Authorities, saying that was the reason they had resorted to writing an open letter. They also called for action on refugees who had been imprisoned for lack of papers saying they were not criminals but were on transit to a third country of resettlement yet they added to the congestion in Kenyan prisons. (Source: Refugee Consortium)

Govt pledges to resettle IDPs

The Government has made a commitment to resettle internally displaced persons. The commitment was ratified by Parliament on July 30th when a government sponsored motion sailed through with a slim margin.

Parliament was told that there were 545,174 IDPs of whom 355,368 were yet to be settled while 4,080 had died in the clashes between October 1991 and 2001. The Government, through the office of National Reconstruction, undertook to resettle all the displaced people and pledged to also ensure their security "as soon as it is practicable''. Some 47 legislators voted for the resettlement while 46 voted against the motion.

At the same time, the minister said a committee to study reports made on tribal clashes by Government, non-governmental organisations and other people would be formed soon. The team will recommend how best to address the plight of the clash victims.

The reports include the 1992 Kiliku Report from a parliamentary select committee chaired by then Changamwe MP Kennedy Kiliku, the Akiwumi Report from the Judicial Commission of Inquiry chaired by former Judge Akilano Akiwumi.

A survey by UN-DPMCU in November last year found that Kenya has about 340,000 IDPs.

The research found that of the originally displaced, some have returned to their farms while some access their farms only during the day, but live in rented accommodation in towns.

Others were given alternative land by the government while some were resettled by church-based groups, particularly the National Council of Churches of Kenya (NCCK) and the Catholic Church. Others sold their land and either returned to their 'ancestral homes' or drifted into urban and peri-urban areas.

During the time of our research, most of the IDPs expressed hope of reoccupying their land once security was restored but were fearful because some of the land disputes remained unresolved. Also the conditions that made them flee were still existing such as persistent tribal suspicion and animosity; illegal grazing, looting, and cattle rustling as well as banditry.

The displaced have asked for establishment of a tribunal to compensate them. Besides compensation, the tribunal would restore public confidence and serve as one of the ways of starting the healing process. The Aki-wumi Report, released last year, found the government liable in the 1991 and 1997 clashes.

Those opposed to the resettlement argued that resettling victims on their original land would reopen wounds and cause new atrocities among different communities. Some MPs asked the Government to look for alternative land to foster reconciliation and peace.

Winding up Floods response

The Kenya Red Cross Society has continued to receive donations from well wishers for people affected by floods during the just ended long rains season. Safari Park Hotel and the German Red Cross presented their donations in the third week of July. The Office of the president reported that they had received a donation of US$100,000 from Japan and requested members to give a recommendation on how the money should be used.

Church World Service (CWS) reported receiving some cash donation of US$6,900. Their target is Budalangi and Nyando where there are gaps and are planning to meet their representatives/ partners on the ground to have an update on the situation. The Chairman, added that in Budalangi the situation was stabilizing as the water levels had gone down and people should be encouraged to go back to their homes.

Some food and non-food items were sent for distribution in Mandera and Isiolo. The items included Mosquito nets, soap, tarpaulins and Jerricans. |KRSC says it has a surplus of items in its warehouse and it is to give the Disaster Sub-committee an update of the balances.

The Committee mandated CiDRi to evaluate the flood disaster response. The work will cost Sh3.3 million. Meanwhile, the Department of Defence has volunteered to offer technical support to the evaluation team when required.

The group was tasked with evaluating the preparedness capacity shown at national and local level and adequacy of the appeals done and how time-effective they were. The team will also assess the achievements of the Coordination Committee in terms of enhancing coordination at national level and between all stake-holders.

In addition, it will evaluate the timeliness, adequacy and coverage of the interventions; assess effectiveness of the targeting and transparency in the distributions; review the effectiveness of communication and coordination between national and district levels on floods management and evaluate resource allocation between the affected regions of the country and its impact on effective floods response, among others.

Committee

The Office of the President reported about a committee that was formed to collect data on roads, bridges saying that a final report on the findings will be given to the committee later.

Meanwhile, World Vision Kenya is undertaking relief work in five areas of the country that were recently affected by floods and drought. Flood relief programs are being undertaken in Nyatike, Bunyala, and Winam ADPs in western Kenya and in Marigat/Nginyang ADP in the Rift Valley Province. A drought relief program is being carried out in Turkana District.

The Budalang'i flood relief supplementary p roject was initiated following recent flooding in parts of Budalang'i Division served by Bunyala ADP. The program aims at meeting the immediate nutrition needs of the people affected by floods in the area. Through the program, 1,020 pregnant and lactating mothers and 2,380 children under five years of age will be targeted to receive 42.5 MT of unimix and 2.225 MT of vegetable oil.

The targeted mothers and children will receive a total of 85 MT of unimix over a period of two months (June and July, 2003).

Each beneficiary receives 12.5 Kg of unimix and 0.75 Kg of vegetable oil a month. The overall goal of the project is to alleviate suffering and prevent malnutrition. An additional 16,600 flood affected people in the area will receive 30 MT of vegetable oil.

Meanwhile, non-food flood response items have been dispatched to Budalang'i, Nyatike and Winam/Kisumu areas. The items include insecticide treated mosquito nets, tarpaulins, family survival kits, water tanks, drugs and gunny bags for the repair of broken riverbanks.

The respective ADPs' community functional committees and local level disaster committees identify beneficiaries of the relief assistance. World Vision Kenya will liaise with the respective ADPs and the government in the affected areas to come up with the way forward during the rehabilitation phase.

The Baringo food for work program, which is being carried out through Marigat/ Nginyang ADP, started on June 9 following the signing of a memorandum of understanding between World Vision Kenya and the Kenya government on June 6. The program aims at improving food security for the flood affected communities. It targets a total of 59,000 people in Baringo and Koi-batek Districts.

Meanwhile, the World Food Program has confirmed it would give an additional 1,400MT of food to the current Turkana food for work program, which ends on December 31, 2003.

Adequate water and forage situation in ASAL

Some rain showers were reported in parts of Sam-Sburu, Tana River and Ijara districts, the rest of the arid lands remained dry signifying the end of the long rains.

Water situation remained good in most of the districts where the boreholes remained closed and the main source of water for both domestic and livestock use remained the water pans, dams and river wells. However, in some parts of Garissa and Wajir districts most of the dams have dried up and boreholes are in operation especially for domestic use and for livestock in the dry season grazing areas.

In Wajir, Garissa and Tana river districts most of the animals are moving towards the dry season grazing areas. These areas received below normal rainfall in the just concluded long rains season.

Livestock body condition remained good in all the districts but the prices of livestock remained low due to lack of buyers. The prices of cereals remained high in all the districts; this led to a reduction in pastoralists' purchasing power.

Household milk availability reduced compared to the previous month because the peak calving season has passed and some animals in some districts have moved to the dry season grazing areas which are far from the settlements. Farming activities continued in Tana River, Turkana Mar-sabit, Mandera and Isiolo districts where the crops were at various stages of growth.

(source: Arid Lands Resources Management Project)

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