Kenya

Kenya Humanitarian Update Issue 8, 1 - 31 Aug 2001


HIGHLIGHTS

  • DROUGHT IN NORTHEAST GETTING WORSE
  • UN TEAM SAYS SMALL ARMS THREAT IS SERIOUS
  • ANTI-CORRUPTION BILL DEFEATED - AID MONEY STILL SUSPENDED
  • POLIO AND VITAMIN A VACCINATIONS START
  • FREE DRIVER TRAINING OFFER!

BACKGROUND

The Horn of Africa

The Government and Opposition parties have been criticised for not passing the constitutional amendment act, a prerequisite before introducing the Kenya Anti-Corruption and Economic Crimes Bill which was to lead to the establishment of the Kenya Anti-corruption authority. This is a pre-condition to the resumption of aid from the World Bank and IMF. According to IRIN, Japan’s Ambassador, labelled Kenyan MPs who failed to support the bill as "irresponsible".

The team from the UN investigating small arms in Kenya concluded their mission to Nairobi, 4 August, acknowledging that the accessibility of arms had greatly contributed to the deterioration of security in the country. The team undertook consultations with Government Officials, Diplomatic missions, and civil society and visited north-eastern Province. In line with the Nairobi declaration of 15 March, 2000 when 10 regional states expressed their resolution to coordinate efforts at tackling the proliferation of small arms, the team affirmed the need for a regional rather than national approach to stem the flow of weapons from neighbouring countries.

DISTRICT SNAPSHOTS
(Source: ALRMP field offices)

ISIOLO Forage and browse condition is still very bad.
Most livestock are still outside the district
MANDERA No rainfall reported in the district.
Livestock condition is deteriorating as the dry spell extends.
TURKANA Rainfall has been reported in some parts of the district.
Livestock body condition is good but prices are reported to be low.
SAMBURU Livestock condition is good due to reasonably fair rainfall last season.
MARSABIT The district has had poor rainfall and therefore crops failed.
Livestock condition is poor but most animals are in neighbouring districts or Ethiopia.
MOYALE Livestock condition is good, as pasture and browse have regenerated as a result of last rains.
GARISSA The dry spell has forced almost all the livestock in the district to move to Isiolo and Ijara districts.
The southern part of the district has good forage and milk is reportedly available.
WAJIR The district is experiencing worsening trend as pasture and all other range resources are fast depleting
Pans are drying up and borehole water levels are getting deeper.
TANA RIVER Milk condition is improved but crops have failed.
BARINGO Fair forage and water situation.

HUMANITARIAN CONTEXT

"Pastoralists have become dependent on relief food as never before during the past two years"
FEWSNET, 9 August 2001

In the latest Greater Horn of Africa Food Security Update (24 August CARE/FEWS-NET), attention is drawn to the reduction in the areas experiencing acute food insecurity during the last six months. Of these only northern Kenya and Somalia report a worsening situation. In Kenya, as well as the greater region, the availability of relief food has reduced cereal prices and therefore increased access to food significantly even in the acutely vulnerable pastoral areas. This, however, has affected the vulnerability of farmers by reducing incomes. There is continued concern about the fate of pastoralists in the northeast of Kenya who " continue to face declining environmental conditions that are expected to deteriorate further" (FEWS-NET, 13 August)

Insecurity is a major hindrance to relief operations in most of the northern pastoral areas, and it is widely recognised that conflict over livestock grazing is a significant contributory factor in this. Creative methods to reduce pressure for grazing and therefore, migration during drought could, according to FAO, have a beneficial effect on security.

The Regional Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr. Bronek Szynalski, and UN Agencies met with donors, Friday, 16 August to discuss the next steps in the management of drought in the Horn of Africa. Various issues were highlighted including the ongoing failure of donors to fund the non-food sector, although it was noted that the funding of this sector in Kenya was significantly better than other countries in the Horn. A key recommendation of the meeting was the formulation of a task team comprised of GoK, donors, UN and NGOs to look at creative and bold ways of addressing the chronic food insecurity situation in the region: how to continue humanitarian support for the most needy but also to veer away from a continued culture of dependency in favour of developing longer term sustainable initiatives.

The Special Envoy for the Drought in the Horn of Africa will be in Kenya 26 September to further draw attention to the ongoing funding needs for the drought operation.

SECTORAL FOOD SECURITY

As reported in the last Humanitarian Update, the food security situation remains mixed. Overall, national crop production is good, particularly for the high potential areas in Rift Valley, Western and Nyanza Provinces. This, together with relief food distributions and low prices in neighbouring countries has resulted in low maize prices. Other commodities, namely beans, millet and sorghum are also at prices well below the average. Consequently the purchasing power of some food insecure households with low household incomes has increased. Low prices, however, are affecting the economy. With the arrival from the US of a large shipment of maize, USAID and WFP are looking at re-distributing part of the donation elsewhere in the region as an action to avert further flooding of the market.

In August 1,518,528 beneficiaries received a total food allocation of 22,200MT. The GoK pledge to provide UNIMIX, pulses and oil is on course and distribution to districts has started which will significantly improve the food basket for the next distribution. As a result of this and the US donation, the pipeline has improved for the next few months.

The school feeding programme, which is fully resourced, has been extended to 16 districts. The four new districts to benefit from the Global School Feeding Initiative are West Pokot, Marakwet, Keiyo and Taita-Taveta. This increases the total number of beneficiaries to 1,304,431.

WFP reports that a review process is under way to look at the community based food aid distribution used in the EMOP. The objective is to further streamline and improve the system for the remainder of the emergency operation.

The ALRMP conducted a food economy training in Mandera, in the course of which, field work garnered some interesting information related to the food security situation in the district. In summary, the findings are that the need for relief food in the district is widespread and those most in need in this second year of drought are the middle income or herders group which face a 50-60% deficit of annual food needs. The report asserts that food aid will be required at least up until May 2002 because the livestock are in such poor condition and significant rains are required in October/November to sufficiently regenerate pasture. Those living in the riverine zone are less vulnerable.

Positive effects of the food assistance delivered in Mandera include: helping people meet their calorific intake; decreasing the amount of food purchases in a time of low cash reserves and reducing the number of shoats (goats and sheep) that households have had to sell thereby increasing their food security for the future. In addition it has reduced the coping mechanism of firewood collection thereby reducing environmental damage. (Details from ALRMP: pippac@africaonline.co.ke)

EARLY WARNING & PREPAREDNESS

While some districts are thought to be out of the woods there is concern growing that the food security situation in the pastoral districts will get even worse before it gets better. An assessment is planned in these districts mid November - mid December with the inclusion of some districts in the coastal strip. With uncertainty as to future weather patterns there is a clear need for preparedness. Following the recommendations from the mid-term review of the EMOP structures, the Kenya Food Security Meeting (KFSM) is appointing a task team whose objective is to strengthen capacity building.

FOOD FOR WORK

A four day Food For Work (FFW) workshop was held in Machakos (14-17 August) which brought together participants from Makueni and Kitui. The objective was to discuss the systems and procedures of implementing FFW projects in the districts. Earlier in the month a similar workshop was held in Mbeere

TAC

A new committee has been set up within the forum of the KFSM. Entitled the Transitional Activities Committee (TAC) and made up of WFP, FAO, NGOs, donors and the GoK, the TAC looks at proposals for Food For Work Projects and coordinates at national level. WFP reports that fifty FFW projects have been approved over the last two weeks.

LIVESTOCK & AGRICULTURE

The main concern at present is the need to continue inputs for agriculture for the forthcoming short rains to many poor households in the marginal farming areas in the East and centre of the country. The March-May rains did not grow a significant harvest in several parts of Eastern and Rift Valley Provinces, or in much of the Coast Province. At least 50,000 households are estimated to need seeds in these areas. FAO is implementing a DFID funded project to provide seeds to 25,000 households in these areas using novel distribution techniques, and offering new varieties of drought tolerant crops.

The drought conditions continue throughout most of the pastoral rangelands of Northern and eastern Kenya, especially the extreme Northwest of Turkana District, and Northeastern Province. Animal health projects are already assisting the livestock owners in these zones, but a more comprehensive package of destocking and supplementary feeding will be required if the October-December rains are insufficient or late.

Veterinaires sans Frontieres - Suisse (VSF-CH) report that after the first quarter of their Emergency Veterinary Relief project jointly implemented with Terra Nuova in North- eastern Province, that nearly 400,000 animals have been protected from disease and the capacity for delivery of animal health services has been greatly improved. "negative effects of the drought expected during the next few months should be minimised for the livestock" (Contact: vsfchnbi@africaonline.co.ke)

HEALTH & NUTRITION

NUTRITION

TRAINING ON NUTRITION FOR OLDER PEOPLE IN EMERGENCIES

Helpage International has issued their report on a workshop held in Nairobi during March aimed to highlight the needs of older people in an emergency environment. Aimed at staff working in International NGOs (INGOs), main topics of the workshop included risk factors for older people in emergencies and a proposed framework for the targeting and rehabilitation of older people in emergency interventions. Reflecting on the current drought operations in Kenya participants identified several gaps: food rations do not take into account the physical and health needs of older people and that many INGO staff do not have skills for working with older people. Key recommendations of the workshop were the training of trainers, the development of a manual on nutrition for older people for people working in humanitarian situations and support from Helpage International in terms of information dissemination and advice to INGOs. (Further details from Helpage International, e-mail: Helpage@net2000ke.com)

A nutritional assessment will take place in Wajir in September. The joint assessment by Helpage International, Oxfam GB and SC (UK) will look at the nutritional status of elderly adults and children and general food security. SC(UK) anticipate an increase in malnutrition especially in Wajir East and South where water and grass cover is depleting and therefore milk intake will be reduced. Despite the lack of rain and poor water and pasture availability in the district SC (UK) reports that screening has not found additional cases of malnutrition but the impending worsening of the food security situation has resulted in maintaining the feeding centres. (Save The Children Wajir Emergency Sitrep, 23/7- 5/8)

The results of Tearfund’s nutritional survey following the closure of their feeding projects in Maikona division, Marsabit, show that global malnutrition stands at 11.3% and severe malnutrition at 1.3% (Z-scores). There is high dependency on relief food in the district and while low malnutrition rates warrant the closure of wet-feeding programmes there is still concern at the high malnutrition, particularly in Maikona, Bubisa and Kalacha.

Tearfund conducted a nutrition survey in Laisamis, Marsabit district, in July. The results show 14.2% global malnutrition and 1.5 % (Z-scores) severe. Of note was that severe malnutrition for under-5 s was significantly higher at 2.7%. and Logologo and Ngurunit both had higher global malnutrition (21.8% and 17.8% respectively). As a result Tearfund have established a presence in Korr and are registering children for a dry supplementary feeding programme will run until December 2001.

MANDERA WORKSHOP

A workshop on the causes of malnutrition was held in Mandera, 9 August. Organised by Action Against Hunger (AAH) at the request of the District Steering Committee, participants included representatives from international and national NGOs and the local authorities. The main objectives were to present the findings of the February AAH Nutritional survey and malnutrition causal analysis, to brainstorm on the causes of malnutrition in the district and to develop strategies for the district. The participants all felt that blanket food distribution and supplementary feeding should be continued for the time being since most of the district depends on it for survival but that other issues, especially education and capacity building should be tackled by NGOs. One of the outcomes was the establishment of an NGO coordination meeting to be held regularly with the objective of improving information-sharing and collaboration. (Further details: AAH aahkenya@africaonline.co.ke)

HEALTH

The National Immunisations for Polio and vitamin A were held in all parts of the country, 19-25 August. A second round is scheduled for 23-29 September.

Medicos del Mundo (MDM) is preparing refresher training courses for the Village health Committees, Community Health Workers and traditional Birth Attendants in El Wak sub-district as part of the ongoing Bamako intiative. One of the objectives is to improve the capacity of staff in pharmacies to handle the supply, accountability and control of stocks.

Dr. Alnwick, Project Manager, Roll Back Malaria campaign (RBM) HQ visited a rural community in Siaya to give a presentation of achievements of the bednet project to the community, guests and researchers.

THE 51 SESSION OF REGIONAL COMMITTEE PREPARATIONS

This annual meeting of African Health Ministers was scheduled and held between 27 August and 1 September 2001 in Brazzaville, Congo. The WHO Kenya Country Office and the Kenya Delegation held extensive discussions based on RC 51 Agenda. Among the important items on the Agenda were the role of social mobilization for improvement of Health Systems performance and disease control. The role of the health sector in poverty reduction was also discussed.

CHOLERA

There was a further cholera flare up in Lagbohol, which is 57km southwest of Wajir town. Five members of the same family were admitted to the dispensary, 22 and 23 August. Another three more cases followed. No deaths resulted from these and another confirmed case in Hadado, 21 August. Since then, no new cases of cholera have been reported in Wajir after the emergency which hit the district three months ago. SC (UK) warns that there is a strong possibility of a further outbreak during the short rains, expected in October. With this in mind a post surveillance survey is being prepared and a two months preventative programme planned.

WATER & SANITATION

Under the African Girl Child Initiative, which aims to encourage the participation of girls and women in education, a number of sanitation projects are to be implemented in West Pokot district. Some 55 million Kenya shillings (KES) donated by the United States, Norway and New Zealand will be used by UNICEF and the GoK to rehabilitate and develop dams and boreholes. As part of this initiative, UNICEF held a Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) training for 80 teachers in West Pokot. This training covers how to promote hygiene and sanitation as well as gender sensitive programme implementation. A further session is planned for Wajir in September. (For details contact UNICEF, tel: 622186)

Two strategic boreholes were rehabilitated in Burugabu and Busia in Marsabit district by the Kenyan army and UNICEF. It is estimated that up to 20,000 people will benefit as a result. Overall, however, the general water situation requires improvement according to UNICEF Marsabit. According to the DSG estimate, the average distance between waterpoints is 30km.

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Action Against Hunger (AAH) has just finalized an Environmental Health Baseline study in Moyal District. Covering water, food hygiene, refuge, health, diseases and latrines perceptions, use and traditions of local populations, the survey will be used for the implementation of an ECHO funded programme (July-Dec 2001) which, in addition to water activities will address vector control, sanitation and health education issues. In addition a water survey analysis of 58 permanent easily accessible communal water points has been finalized. (Details and reports available from AAH: aahkenya@africaonline.co.ke)

EDUCATION

UNICEF reports in its September update that educational enrolment in Wajir has gone down 10% in just one year (2000 compared with 1999) and 2001 enrolment rates are lower than in 1996. This is attributed to food insecurity as families are more likely to rely on children for income generating activities. In addition the pastoralist lifestyle does not easily support school attendance especially when boarding facilities are inadequate.

EMERGENCY EDUCATION SUB-GROUP

The emergency coordination meeting is reconvening and a first meeting should be held mid-September, under the auspices of UNICEF. (Contact UNICEF: 622095).

COORDINATION

HEART AND SOUL

In a groundbreaking initiative the UN family in Kenya is collaborating on a coordinated programming venture. Heart and Soul is the name of a soap opera which is at the heart of the project, which aims to address various social and development issues of import to the wider community. Based in Nairobi the project will also include road-shows, radio transmission and educational packs in order to reach as wide an audience as possible. The soap opera will also be transmitted to 21 other African countries. The first three pilot shows are scheduled to be aired at Christmas and New Year and will go into production during October. Other organisations are now being invited to participate in the project. (For further information, please contact The Heart and Soul Steering Committee, Cleophas.Torori@undp.org

CONSTRAINTS

FINANCIAL

WFP reports that two pledges have been received towards EMOP 10085.0. The US has contributed 50,000MT maize and 9,000MT pulses and the GoK has contributed 7,100MT of UNIMIX, 3,800MT of oil and 2,700 MT of pulses.

UNICEF has reported in its latest update that the Kenya Country Office is the best funded UNICEF office in the Horn Of Africa receiving a total of 74% of its requested funding through the Donor Alert.

An annex to the 2001 Donor Alert for the Drought in Kenya has been finalised and will shortly be available on reliefweb and in hard copy from OCHA. The annex includes and update on the drought situation and the new WFP EMOP 10085 as well as a couple of amended projects. The total amount outstanding is US$ 49,840,164.

SECURITY/LOGISTICS
(Sources: WFP/SC (UK))

No security incidents have been reported in Garissa/Ijara for two weeks and access for convoys is good.

(Source: ALRMP)

The situation in Tana River remains tense although the killings have abated somewhat. This could change should the Orma/Wardies be forced to return from the Garsen area where they moved, back to the conflict area in search of water and pasture. The Pokomos are currently reliant of relief food due to the insecurity. The WFP office in Tana River has been closed. For information on security and to arrange security escorts, contact the WFP office in Garissa.

Rising prices have been reported in Mandera following the closure of the border with Somalia. The local administration has re-closed the crossing point having earlier reopened it to pedestrians. Kenya Revenue Authority Officials, monitoring illegal crossings were shot at by a group they were intercepting. Caution should be exercised when traveling in the border area, along the main El Wak/Rhamu/Mandera road and in Mandera town due to the recent threat of vehicle hijack, discontent due to the closure of the border and disruption of the food relief to the Gedo region due to the border closure. A recent security assessment has resulted in the opening up to UN/NGO personnel the areas of Takaba, Iresteno and Qofole. This applies to escorted day visits (1000-1600hrs only). The threat of insecurity as a result of the scramble for depleted water and pasture has been contained, according to SC (UK) due to ongoing negotiations

Movement across the Kenyan and Ethiopian border in Moyale is currently limited and tensions appear to be growing.

Tensions between neighbouring clans in Wajir and Mandera are continuing as a result of competition for water and pasture, particularly in the North and West.

The border between West Pokot and Turkana at the Turkwell Dam area is still tense and there have also been 4 banditry attacks on the Lokichokkio/Kakuma road. Two unescorted LWF lorries were ambushed, 12 August, 7km outside Lokichokkio town. Armed cattle raiders from Sudan attacked a Turkana manyatta at Olopei, 12 August, killing animals and overpowering the homeguard. A cattle raid in Lokori division, 13 August resulted in the reported deaths of seven people. The raid, apparently perpetrated by Pokot from East Baringo, affected some 37 families. Ethiopian pastoralists, numbering approximately 1,000 crossed over the border into the Tondenyang area of Turkana together with some 20,000 head of livestock but have since returned to their grazing lands following interventions by local authorities.

Similarly tensions between the Turkana and Baringo Pokots are high in the Lokori area. The Kerio valley is the site of fighting between Marakwet clans. The issue is thought to revolve around issues related to land ownership, large scale logging and traditional irrigation.

The District Commissioners of West Pokot, Baringo and Marakwet ordered, 30 August, all police officers to arrest individuals carrying traditional weapons to market places and people in possession of illegal arms are to surrender them immediately.

The Kina/Garbatulla/Eldera route in Isiolo is becoming increasingly dangerous and the Isiolo.El dera road is temporarily closed to UN staff. A recent government inspection of the route headed by the DOI was attacked by bandits on three occasions although no one was injured in the ensuing gunfights.

Cattle raids and general banditry have been increasing in Laikipia district, particularly the northern Rumuruti part. Some thirty people have been killed in the last five months and attackers are thought to be heavily armed with AK47s. The Nyahururu/Rumuruti/ Maralal road is temporarily closed to UN staff.

Skirmishes between Maasai and Kipsigis are erupting again in Narok. GSU have been posted to the Narok/Kissi border to reinforce local security.

MISCELLANEOUS

REFUGEES/ INTERNALLY DISPLACED

Most of the estimated 10,000 Somali refugees who fled inter-clan fighting in the border town of Bula Hawa in April have returned home after local leaders signed a peace agreement in early June. The refugees had sought shelter in Mandera, just inside the Kenyan border. UNHCR helped vulnerable returnees with transport home, and assisted local health facilities with medical supplies. Around 1,500 Somalis have volunteered for transfer to Kenyan camps, moves which will follow the close of the repatriation.

The government of Tanzania had given assurances that upon their return to Pemba, the 506 refugees remaining in Dadaab refugee camp would not be prosecuted as a group for their involvement in the January demonstrations. Leaders of the group are currently refusing repatriation, although UNHCR protection officers have given favourable reports as to the reintegration process at home.

PROTECTION

UNICEF reports that up to 200 Ethiopian asylum seekers have crossed into Moyale since June. Protection and assistance to this group is an issue, according to UNICEF, and more needs to be done to protect this group from harassment.

The Refugee consortium of Kenya (RCK) convened a three day workshop 28-31 August with the objective of reinvigorating support for the protection of refugees and Internally displaced people (IDPs). The workshop was facilitated by the Reach Out project and participants were reminded of the instruments of international law which protect refugees and displaced people. In addition the participants, mostly from national and international NGOs, were encouraged to prioritise protection issues and human rights programming in the design and implementation of their activities. (Details from RCK: adrefcon@icconect.co.ke)

KAKUMA

In July 2001 the International Rescue Committee (IRC) took over responsibility for the Sanitation Sector in Kakuma Refugee Camp. IRC immediately undertook a rapid knowledge, attitudes and practices survey and latrine coverage survey. Although it was discovered that latrine coverage is grossly inadequate at least 88% of respondents indicated a willingness to build their own latrines if slabs are provided. The number of respondents who wash their hands before eating and after defecating is estimated at 62% and 66%, respectively, indicating the need for increased hygiene promotion activities. IRC intends to implement a community-based sanitation program in the camp.

AFRICAN WOMEN IN CRISIS

On 13-14 August, UNIFEM convened a meeting of stakeholders involved in its African Women in Crisis Programme, which seeks through catalytic and advocacy action to promote the rights and interests of refugee, displaced and returnee women in planning and policy decisions affecting their lives and future livelihoods. The meeting brought together UNIFEM's Regional Directors, its Head of Africa Section from New York and its Senior Governance Advisor for its Global Peace and Security Project, as well as researchers, activist NGOs, donor and agency representatives based in Nairobi.

The meeting determined that the Africa Women in Crisis Programme, which has been active on behalf of forcibly displaced African women since 1992, should henceforth focus on four key components: building up its existing database of information and studies on policy issues affecting displaced women; strengthening the existing network of refugee rights NGOs working on behalf of cross-border and internally-displaced women; developing guidelines on policy issues such as security, repatriation, etc, as they affect women; and helping UNIFEM develop its own position on some of these key issues.

African Women in Crisis is an Africa-wide programme and its interest in Kenya relates to the internally displaced (recently estimated at numbering some half a million by the Kenya Human Rights Commission), as well as encamped and self-settled cross-border refugees living in Kenya. Key issues cover legal protection and physical security for women and girls, sexual and gender-based violence, economic empowerment and appropriate education, tensions with host communities and consultation of women with a view to finding lasting solutions.

KYENI DISPLACED
(Source OCHA Kenya)

The 800 people who were expelled, 5 June, from the Kyeni forest (Kiambu district, 95kms from Nairobi) where they had been living since 1993 and who set up camp beside the roadside have now moved to the new site within the forest. Currently living under plastic sheeting, the IDPs, who were originally displaced in the 1993 land clashes, have received assistance from the Kenya Red Cross as well as church groups. Water access needs to be improved. An inter-agency mission, 20 August, comprised MDM Spain, Kenya Red Cross, UNICEF, OCHA and IRIN ascertained that following interventions from the local MP and Provincial Commissioner, the situation of the IDPs was improving, were being reassigned a new site and would soon be able to resume their farming activities in the forest. The Kenya Red Cross is monitoring the situation.

PEACEBUILDING

Oxfam GB held a peace building workshop in Marsabit, 23-25 August. Causes of conflict were identified by the participants as poverty, some cultural activities such as cattle rustling and dowry gathering, politics, drought, unemployment, escalation of firearms, tribal animosity, poor governance and the erosion of traditional authorities. In Marsabit district, there are eight organizations involved in peace building and conflict resolution. Recommendations included training for stakeholders on peace initiatives, revival of traditional grazing lands, conservation sensitization, improvement of communications and enhanced border security through frequent border meetings.

NATIONAL STEERING COMMITTEE

With the many separate peace-building initiatives ongoing throughout the country the establishment of the National Steering Committee on Peace-building and Conflict Resolution (NSC) is a positive step in the effort to avoid duplication and coordinate the various programmes to ensure maximum impact. The terms of reference for the NSC were finalized, 6 August. The NSC comprises invited members from the GoK, NGOs, UN Agencies, Donors, Religious institutions and Organisations. Amongst issues discussed at the last meeting was the training held, 1-3 August, in Isiolo of partners from Mandera, Garissa, Moyale and Isiolo on monitoring and evaluation of peace building projects. Ongoing activities of the NSC include the development of district strategic plans on peace and conflict, district and provincial consultations. (Further details: Mr. John Juma, Office of the President)

TRAINING DRIVERS

As part of an initiative by the recently convened Safety and Security Committee to enhance safety and security awareness, WFP is offering a FREE one day training for drivers and officially designated drivers who regularly travel to the field as part of their work. In the first instance, this will take place every Monday throughout September, October and November. There may also be a possibility of organising the training in other locations where there are clusters of interested organisations. In this case there will be a small cost involved to cover the DSA of the trainer. If you have any specific queries about this training please contact Paul Enright (paul.enright@wfp.org). For an application form contact OCHA Kenya (doris@ocha.unon.org)

HOUSEHOLD FOOD ECONOMY APPROACH

In response to the interest that has been expressed by partners in the past, Save the Children (UK), Food Security and Livelihoods Unit (FSLU) is willing to facilitate Household Economy Approach (HEA) training in Kenya. Depending on interest this will tentatively take place in November. SC (UK), through this training hopes to:


1. Share HEA experience and strengthen partners capacities of food security monitoring and analysis.

2. Contribute to promotion of common analytical framework useful for needs assessments, interventions prioritisation and effective community based targeting.

3. Contribute to building of capacities crucial for partners’ food security and sustainable livelihood programmes. This will be useful for the ongoing poverty reduction initiatives, as HEA is a good framework for in-depth poverty analysis and hence formulation of best poverty reduction strategies.


The training targets staff collecting, analysing and using food security information. The training will be intensive (both classroom and field) and will take 3 weeks and the number of participants is limited. The venue of the training will be in an agro-pastoral district in order to equip the participants with practical skills for analysing both livestock and crop household economies. (Further details and applications: Henry Narangui: savechildsom@maf.or.ke, tel: 570918/351477 or Lesley Adams: lesleyadams@form-net.com, tel: 0733-629952).

FORTHCOMING MEETINGS & WORKSHOPS

1 September

  • UN/Donor Gender roundtable, British Council, 9am


6 September

  • Peace & Conflict Resolution Committee


9 September

  • National Steering Committee for Peace-building and Conflict Management. KICC, 8 th floor, 9am


9-16 September

  • PHAST Training, Wajir. Contact UNICEF 622186


12 September

  • WESCORD, 8 th floor KICC


14 September

  • Education sub-group meeting, Contact UNICEF 622095


17 September

  • Health and Nutrition meeting, UNICEF, 10am


19 September

  • Safety and Security Committee: Urban security lecture, Panafric Hotel, 9am
  • WES presentation on standard community training packages, UNICEF KCO


20 September

  • Informal regional food security group meeting, 1pm (Details: Maxwell@care.org or nmaunder@fews.net)


20 September

  • Kenya Food Security Meeting (KFSM), KICC, 28 th Floor, 10am


1-5 October

  • UNICEF ESARO Emergency Planning & Preparedness Workshop, Mombasa (Contact UNICEF ESARO, 622099)


November

  • Household food economy training Save the Children (UK)


Contributors to the August Update:

UNICEF, FAO, UNDP, AAH, SC-UK, UNICEF, WHO, IRC, MDM-Spain, TEARFUND, KFSM sub sectoral groups, UNHCR, IRIN, RCK, UNIFEM, FAO, VSF-CH, UNIFEM, WFP, FEWSNET, CARE, GoK ALRMP, OCHA, KRC, UNIC, HELPAGE INTERNATIONAL

This update is produced through the contributions of a wide variety of humanitarian organisations working in Kenya. The views expressed therein do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations. To contribute or to subscribe to this report please contact OCHA Kenya e-mail: tracy@ocha.unon.org

Disclaimer

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.