The estimated number of food insecure people declined by 43 percent, from 3.8 million in August 2011 to 2.1 million in August 2012 according to the Kenya Food Security Steering Group (KFSSG). In pastoral livelihood zones, the decline was a 69 percent in August from the previous year and was 31 percent in the southeastern and coastal marginal agricultural zones over the same period.
High maize prices in some northeastern pastoral areas and in the southeastern marginal agricultural zone continued to make food access difficult and contributed to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity.
Conflicts in parts of the northeastern pastoral livelihood zone in Mandera, Tana River, and Wajir Districts, have caused displacements and asset losses. Conflict also limits the ability of traders and humanitarian organizations to supply these areas. The zones of conflict are currently classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).
Although most pastoral and agropastoral areas are Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and seemingly stable, malnutrition, particularly in the conflict-prone pastoral areas of the Northeast along the Kenya-Somali border could deteriorate if enhanced October to December rainfall increases outbreaks of water-borne diseases and heightens the levels of malnutrition.