Kenya Floods OCHA Situation Report No. 6

Situation Report
Originally published
Ref: OCHA/GVA - 98/0169
(Second) Appeal for International Assistance

1. The torrential rainfall, considered to be associated with the El-Nino event, continued from October to December 1997, and resumed again during the first week of January 1998. The continuation of the rains in January 1998 has significantly set back any anticipated recovery in the conditions of the flood victims in Coast, North-Eastern, and Eastern Provinces of Kenya, who continue to require urgent assistance.

2. Further to the appeal for international assistance issued in the OCHA Situation Report no. 2 on 1 December 1997, the UN Resident Coordinator in Kenya, together with the Government, is preparing the Second International Appeal. In advance of its formal launch, this Situation Report includes the requests for especially urgent requirements by UNICEF, WFP, WHO, and FAO, which are to be subsequently merged into the consolidated appeal document.

3. UNICEF Appeal (March-May 1998)

3.1 UNICEF is appealing for a total of USD 2.75 million for a three-month period of March-May 1998, based on its estimate of 900,000 persons affected in Northeastern, Coast, and Eastern Provinces, of which 180,000 are children under five years old.

3.2 Health/Nutrition -- Household food security is threatened by the mass death of livestock and the failure of harvest, raising needs for supplementary feeding based on assessments of nutritional situation. Increase of communicable disease incidence and enhanced risks of outbreaks of epidemics, both in the human as well as the livestock population, is anticipated, while the health services are not adequate to cope with the increase in disease incidence, especially in the vulnerable groups of women and children. USD 1.6 million is estimated to be required to cover the cost of rapid assessments, logistics, sub-national EPI campaign, health care support (essential drugs and vaccination), animal health, and supplementary feeding (810 mt of Unimix).

3.3 Water/Sanitation -- An initial amount of USD 750,000 is required to support the procurement of water treatment chemicals (chlorine), hygiene awareness for cholera prevention, and emergency rehabilitation of water systems (wells, water pumps, and generators).

3.4 Logistics, Transportation, and Short-Term Personnel -- The required additional funding is estimated at USD 200,000.

3.5 Education -- An initial amount of USD 200,000 is needed for the provision of tents as temporary school shelters and materials to schools (school in a box).

4. WFP Appeal

4.1 WFP is appealing for donor contributions to support its EMOP 5969/01 (to be formally approved), a total budget of which is currently estimated at USD 6.5 million for the 90-day period from 1 March to 31 May. In order to help restore and maintain the nutritional well-being of the flood affected populations through the supply of relief food, this operation aims to provide 539,680 beneficiaries in low-lying or riverine areas in Coast, North-Eastern, and Eastern Provinces, with 9,715 mt of food (cereals, pulses, and vegetable oil), of which 4,796 mt will need to be newly shipped to meet the requirements. The operation will also deliver urgently required medicines and water-purification substances on behalf of the UN Agencies and the NGOs to combat the spread of the human and livestock diseases.

5. WHO Appeal

5.1 Anti-RVF Activities (3 weeks) -- While the rainfall continuing over several months from October 1997 has precipitated an epidemic of the Rift Valley Fever (RVF), there are indications that other disease conditions may be also killing people. USD 320,000 is needed, in addition to USD 20,000 available from WHO, toward strengthened disease surveillance (USD 15,000), field investigations (USD 192,000), laboratory costs (USD 90,000), outbreak control activities (USD 15,500), and operational research (USD 27,500).

5.2 Cholera and Other Water-Borne Diseases -- Up to January 1998, 21,873 cases of cholera have been reported, with 802 deaths, and cholera and other water-borne diseases are expected to increase as the floods start receding. WHO estimates that USD 100,000 is required to provide anti-cholera drug kits, diarrhoeal diseases medication, and anti-malarials (this request will be coordinated with UNICEF).

6. FAO Appeal

6.1 RVF, as well as other infectious animal diseases, have also seriously affected livestock. Without basic health care and coordinated, intensive surveillance/control of epidemic diseases the combined effects of these diseases will impact severely on food security and human welfare, already seriously compromised by loss of crop production. USD 1,011,000, therefore, is requested towards a) the definition of the disease problems existing and developing through strengthening disease surveillance, investigation, and diagnosis, b) the enhancement of a basic clinical service, largely community-based, requiring training/retraining and provision of resources, c) epidemic disease surveillance and control, partly community-based and coordinated between provinces, and d) the provision of technical guidance for animal health activities to ensure consistency of strategies adopted by implementing partners.


7. Further to the Situation Report no. 5, the following contributions by the U.K. Government have been reported: GBP 80,445 (USD 134,075) to Christian Aid towards food and other aid in Tana River and Kasuma districts, and GBP 46,898 (USD 78,163) to Actionaid towards food aid,

Channels for Contributions:

8. For contributions for specific sectors, donors may channel their contributions directly through the appealing Agencies. Cash contributions may also be channelled through OCHA, to be used in coordination/consultation with relevant organizations of the United Nations system.

9. Donors wishing to channel their contributions through OCHA should transfer funds to OCHA account no. CO.590.160.1 at the Swiss Bank Corporation, Case Postale 2770, CH-1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland, with reference: Kenya - Floods. OCHA provides donors with written confirmation and pertinent details concerning the utilization of the funds contributed.

10. For coordination purposes, donors are requested to inform OCHA Geneva, as indicated below, of relief missions, pledges or contributions and their corresponding values by item.

Telephone number: + 41 22 917 1234
In case of emergency only: + 41 22 917 2010
Desk Officer: Ms. Kayo Gotoh, direct tel: +41-22-917-1258
Contact for medias: Ms M. Moulin-Acevedo, direct tel: + 41 22 917 2856
Telex 41 42 42 dha ch
Fax: + 41 22 917 0023
E-mail: info at

DPR 310 KEN 97 (2)

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