Kenya: Floods OCHA Situation Report, 16 Oct 2008

This situation report is based on information received from the Government, UN Agencies and other humanitarian partners in the field.


- More than 6,000 thousands displaced by floods in Mandera district

- District Steering Group and Kenya Red Cross undertake initial assessments to ascertain the damages.


1. In Mandera district, at least 1,000 households (6,000 persons) have been displaced by flash floods in Mandera town which occurred on October 14th when River Daua burst its banks. The Daua flows from the Ethiopian highlands. Fed by recent heavy rains the water levels rose, with little warning. Some town residents were cut-off by the floods and efforts were immediately put in place to reach them. Three people are feared dead.

2. As a result of the floods, at least seven wells are submerged, three schools closed, 350 toilets submerged, 1 kilometer of water pipeline washed away and 13 goats are missing. The Kenya Forest Service has also lost over 1500 seedlings. Contaminated water sources and disease outbreak threaten the 150,000 residents of Mandera Town. Two deaths earlier reported have not been confirmed.

3. Recent flood related displacement has exacerbated inter-clan tensions when IDPs from one clan sought refuge on land from the other clan. Two persons were reportedly killed on October 16th as a result of this conflict in Mandera Town.

4. Heavy rains experienced in parts of Turkana from 4th to 7th October 2008 caused flooding of the Turkwel River which destroyed crops and livestock in Katilu division. Initial assessment by Kenya Red Cross estimated that at least 1262 households had been affected along Katilu Irrigation Scheme. However, a more recent assessment undertaken by OCHA and KRC on 15th October revealed that floods had actually only caused serious damage to crops, but only 1 death was confirmed: that of a baby swept away with his mother who was later rescued. A further 16 people have been reported missing.

5. Due to insecurity caused by constant raid attacks from neighbouring West Pokot community, the communities living in Katilu and Kainuk divisions are heavily dependant on crop production. It is therefore feared that the loss of crop may worsen the food security for these communities. In addition, at least 2,859 (goats and sheep), 6 cows, 7 camels and 13 donkeys were reportedly swept away by flood waters.

6. Most of those affected by the floods have been IDPs displaced due to cattle rustling or returnees who were earlier displaced by the post election violence. Hundreds of those affected have moved to higher grounds, but require urgent assistance in terms of shelter, food and other basic services.


7. In Mandera, the Kenya Red Cross and other partners have distributed non-food items to 619 affected households. KRC Water and Sanitation department from Nairobi has sent a Water Purification Plant from the Nairobi storage Hub and are also sending in some aqua tabs to boost efforts of delivering clean water to the affected populations in order to avoid outbreak of water related disease such as cholera. The GoK on its part has provided 100 bags of 50KG rice to 920 affected families.

8. The department of Health and Sanitation from the Ministry of Health in Mandera is planning to conduct a mass health education programme to all residents of Mandera East.

9. UNICEF, working with the Kenya Red Cross, is dispatching relief supplies including family kits, water purification and health supplies, as well as insecticide treated mosquito nets. These supplies will be delivered to the District Public Health Officer by October 21st.

10. In Turkana, the Government of Kenya through the Provincial Administration has provided food assistance while the KRC has distributed NFIs such as blankets, tarpaulins, kitchen sets and mosquito nets


11. Based on preliminary findings and available resources, the following gaps have been identified in Mandera:

a). Humanitarian needs

- Request for food provision to 920 households i.e. 5,480 persons for 1 month which is equivalent to 82.2 metric tones ( 100% ration sizes= 15kg/person)

- Construction of 428 toilets to affected house holds

- Water purification tablets

- NFIs - shelter, blankets, mosquito nets, kitchen sets etc.

b). Reconstruction needs:

- Installation of 1km -6'' 340 GI rising main pipes

- Installation of 1km -3'' 340 PVC rising main pipes

- Rehabilitation of 6 roads in Bulla Jamhuri

12. Provision of drought tolerant seeds to 42 farmers in Kamor farming units


13. Coordination in Mandera District is spearheaded by the District Steering Group (DSG) with the Kenya Red Cross tasked as the lead agency for response and rescue efforts to floods affected populations.

14. At national level OCHA remains in touch with humanitarian agencies and will continue to monitor and update on the situation.


For more details and updates, please contact: Jeanine Cooper, Head of Office OCHA Kenya, Telephone: +254207625155. Email:,


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