The operational strategy
Summary of Red Cross Response to date Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) on the 28th of October 2019 received DREF funding of CHF306,560 from IFRC to meet the needs of 84,367 flood affected population in 14 most affected counties in Kenya. With the DREF funding and support from other partners including UNICEF, World Vision and OFDA, KRCS has been responding to the needs of affected population through HHIs, search and rescue, distribution of HHIs, WASH activities and Health interventions.
KRCS in partnership with other stakeholders including the National and County Government and humanitarian actors are conducting joint assessments to determine the effects of floods, needs of the affected population and response interventions to support the affected communities cope with and recover from the effects of floods. The national Government on the 23rd of November activated a Floods Emergency Coordination Committee comprising of key Government institutions to coordinate efforts nationwide. The KRCS is the only non-state actor invited to be part of this coordination platform and is linking information and coordination at this level through briefs and bulletins to stakeholders and partners and information sharing through UNOCHA’s Kenya Humanitarian Partnership Team (KHPT) platform. KRCS is coordinating efforts through the Office of the County Commissioners and County Government Steering Groups (multi-stakeholder forum where all partners responding share information and coordinate response).
KRCS, with financial support from the IFRC DREF funds has so far undertaken the following interventions towards floods response (as of 30th November 2019):
• KRCS has been leading search, rescue and evacuation of people currently affected by floods in West Pokot, Garissa, Tana River, Turkana and Taita Taveta and other counties in coordination with County and National Government, and other humanitarian actors with support from DREF funding. A total of 278 people has been assisted through search and rescue: 42 people in West Pokot, 233 people in Garissa (mainly rescued from marooned settlement) and 03 in Trans Nzoia counties.
• KRCS has distributed emergency Household kits to 2,255 households (out of which 1,500 is supported for replenishment through the DREF funds and 696 from KRCS pre-positioned stocks). So far, the kits distributed comprised of 01 kitchen set, 02 tarpaulins, 02 bars of soap, and 02 jerry cans. The NS currently has a gap in stocks of mosquito nets and sleeping mats, and these are going to be incorporated with funds from this appeal coupled with purchasing additional full kits. The beneficiaries reached are as follows: Turkana 734 HHs, Marsabit 226 HHs, Isiolo 73 HHs, Wajir 447 HHs, Mandera 410 HHs, Trans Nzoia 32 HHs and West Pokot 175 HHs, Taita Taveta 110HHs, Meru 48HHs. Other activities like search and rescue, distribution of emergency shelter kits, health and water and sanitation activities are still on going as new areas experience flooding.
• Risk Communication and Community Engagement (RCCE) in the flood prone areas through local radio stations and local area administration officers as well as social media campaigns and mainstream media talk shows on safety during floods
- A total of 12 radio stations have been used: Musyi FM in Ukambani (Machakos, Kitui and Makueni counties), Radio Risala in Garissa, Midmino FM in Wajir and Mandera, Muga FM in Meru, Tana FM in Tana River, Lulu FM in Kilifi, Inoro FM covering Counties in Central Kenya and Radio Citizen covering all the counties in the country.
• KRCS sent out a total of 4,738,476 early warning messages reaching 2,706,908 people at risk of floods effects in Marsabit, Mandera, Wajir, Garissa, Lamu, Kilifi, Kwale, Mombasa, Tana River and Taita Taveta through TERA messaging. This has been done in partnership with Safaricom communication company.
• Health and hygiene promotion activities to promote healthy behaviors and prevent and control spread of epidemics (distribution of Point of Use (PoU) water chemicals and super chlorination of contaminated water points) are ongoing in Turkana, Busia, Isiolo, Marsabit, Garissa, Wajir and West Pokot. As of 30th November/December a total of 1,361 households have been reached with distribution of water treatment chemicals (aqua tabs) with DREF funding support. With support from UNICEF, KRCS has rolled out hygiene promotion activities in Busia reaching 310 households and 40 in Wajir while more activities are still being rolled out to reach more people in these counties and Marsabit to reduce the risk of water borne disease outbreaks. Another 2,013 people have been reached so far with health education and hygiene promotion (800 in Turkana, 352 in Marsabit, 146 in Wajir, 474 in Mandera, 95 in Tana River, 90 in Isiolo and 56 in Garissa.
• The following community water supplies have been assessed to determine rehabilitation needs in Busia County: Mundika well in Matayos Ward, Matayos Sub County; Kajei Primary School well, Kulemu B well, Atiaket well and Osuai well Malaba Cenral Ward of Teso North Sub County; Kalalaran primary school well, Katanyu Secondary school well, Onyunyur shopping centre well, Akulunyi well, Kodedema well and Gara Primary school well in Malaba South Ward of Teso North Sub County; and Rwatama well, Akolong Primary school well, Oprong (Mzee Kazi) borehole in Angurai South Ward of Teso North Sub County.
• More assessments are ongoing in West Pokot, Turkana, Garissa, Wajir, Mandera, Marsabit, Isiolo, Kisumu and Migori Counties while assessments in Tana River, Kitui and Taita Taveta Counties are yet to begin. Some areas have not been assessed due to inaccessibility caused by damaged roads or flowing flood water but will be covered once access is gained.
• KRCS has provided psychosocial support to people affected by floods reaching 261 people through group and individual counselling sessions in West Pokot, Garissa, Taita Taveta, Tana River and Marsabit counties.
• KRCS has deployed health surge team members of 5 people to support management of floods related diseases like cholera outbreaks in high risk counties namely Turkana, Wajir and Mandera.
• Health assessment to map out the areas with risk of the spread of diseases including nutrition rapid assessments currently on-going in Isiolo, Mandera, Turkana, Marsabit & Tana River counties.
• Integrated Medical outreaches to provide services including Integrated Management of Childhood Illness, (IMCI), Nutrition, ante-natal care, curative services for minor ailments, health education, referral being planned with MOH teams targeting Isiolo, Wajir, Mandera, Turkana, Marsabit & Tana River counties.
• Procurement of health supplies is ongoing. The items include:
i. 1 kit for Essential medicines and supplies (Antibiotics and Chronic ailment conditions)
ii. Assorted Non-Pharmaceutical Supplies
iii. Assorted Cholera supplies (IV fluids, Oral Rehydration Salt)
iv. 300 Dignity kits (150 Male and 150 female)
The needs identified in the assessments include provision of emergency shelter HHI kits, shelter and household items, access to food, emergency health services, access to clean and safe water, access to sanitation facilities, protection and personal safety for the KRCS response teams.