Kenya: Floods Emergency appeal n° MDRKE043

This Emergency Appeal seeks a total of some 4,746,755 Swiss francs to enable the IFRC to support the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) to deliver assistance to 150,000 people of 15 counties in shelter and settlement, health and nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene, protection, gender and inclusion as well as food security and livelihoods for six months. The planned response reflects the current situation and information available at this time of the evolving operation and will be adjusted based on further developments and more detailed assessments. Detailed Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) will be released later on.

The disaster and the Red Cross Red Crescent response to date

February 2018: The Meteorological Department forecasts normal to above normal rainfall beginning April

April 2018: Western, Nyanza, North Rift, South Rift, North Eastern, Upper Eastern, Central and Coast regions experience heavy downfall

April 2018: The Kenya Red Cross Society conducted rapid assessments and started to deliver non-food items to affected households

May 2018: IFRC issues Emergency Appeal for 4,746,755 Swiss francs for 150,000 people for 6 months (including a DREF loan of 480,000 Swiss francs)

The operational strategy

Situation and needs assessment

While parts of the country were still experiencing the impacts of drought, the torrential rains that commenced in March 2018 have further resulted in erosion of livelihoods. The rainfall pattern has changed this year affecting at least 29 counties and it has been described as a mini El Nino phenomenon by the local meteorological department. According the preliminary reports, the rains have caused flooding that has left 211,155 people displaced, 72 dead and 33 injured. These numbers are likely to increase as the heavy rains are expected to continue until July.

The flood impacts include destruction of crops with farms reported as submerged, destruction of irrigation systems, disruption of transport for market access, interruption of road infrastructure, and destruction of key installations including health care and water sanitation infrastructure. Affected households are staying in various displacement sites in the affected areas and are mostly in need of food, shelter and household items, access to clean and safe water for use, access to sanitation facilities, access to health services and protection. The access to public health services has been disrupted which increases the likelihood of diseases outbreak. Increased precipitation with the warm conditions creates a conducive environment for the breeding of vectors such as mosquitoes thus increasing the spread of vector borne disease such Malaria, Dengue and Chikungunya.

The impact of floods on livelihood is expected to result in loss of income for the affected communities resulting into low purchasing power. This is already seen with the deteriorating food security status of the affected counties; thus, requiring humanitarian assistance to meet affected households’ food and other basic needs. As per the agricultural calendar, planting had commenced with the onset of the long rains, therefore resulting in large loss of standing crops. Most affected counties reporting agriculture and livestock losses include Garissa, Tana River, Kilifi, Kisumu, Homa Bay, Elgeyo Marakwet, Turkana and Marsabit. The crop loss will further worsen the already fragile food insecurity situation in most of the affected counties.

At the onset of the floods, the National Society through the Red Cross Action Teams (RCATs) conducted rapid assessments to determine the immediate needs of the affected population. Since the onset of floods, the KRCS has provided NFIs to 10,088 households and is involved in Search and Rescue, First Aid and public awareness campaign using national media and messaging. KRCS also works in partnership with UNICEF during such emergencies. So far UNICEF has provided 3,750 family kits to assist the communities in Kisumu and Garissa.

The KRCS teams are currently conducting detailed assessments to determine the comprehensive needs of the affected population and the extent of damages (housing, health facilities, schools and other essential infrastructure).