The International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross and Red Crescent response to emergencies. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation's disaster response system and increases the ability of national societies to respond to disasters.
CHF 211,787 (USD 201,702 or EUR 129,533) has been allocated from the Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society in delivering immediate assistance to some 120,000 beneficiaries. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.
Summary: The drought stricken region of Mandera District in North-Eastern Kenya was hit by flash floods and extended rains for nearly a week. In addition, ongoing ethnic tensions have flared up further adding to the humanitarian crisis. The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) is providing humanitarian assistance to hundreds of people in Mandera District who were affected by flash floods and fighting. The interventions include provision of non-food items, medical services, water and sanitation facilities.
The KRCS is working with the Government of Kenya and various relief agencies in the region to address myriad problems facing the already vulnerable population. The district has also experienced sporadic fighting revolving around border disputes, access to water and other resources. The KRCS is attending to persons affected by the fighting, who require shelter, medical services and household items.
This operation is expected to be implemented over 1 month, and will therefore be completed by 6 December 2008.
A seasonal river that cuts through Mandera town in North Eastern Province burst its banks on 13 October 2008, for the first time since 2000. This was followed by heavy rains that lasted over a week causing River Daua to burst its banks. Floods in the entire town and adjacent residential areas have left at least 920 households displaced in Mandera town alone.
During this period, there was also sporadic clan fighting between the Gare and Murulle communities. The number of deaths reported during this period was 10, while 23 casualties were registered.
The fighting took a different dimension when the security forces were called in to restore calm. During this period, there were large numbers of casualties treated at the Elwak District Hospital and thus overstretched the hospital capacity and resources. The hospital has extremely limited medical staff, while the medical supplies in the hospital are inadequate to meet the current demand of the ongoing crisis.
Initial assessment by the KRCS indicates that at least 120,000 people have been affected by the flash floods, fighting and drought. A total of seven wells were submerged and 428 latrines washed away during the floods, while extensive damage on remaining latrines and water systems have posed a major sanitation problem.