Appeal No. 12/2003, launched on 8 May 2003
for 2 months for CHF 846,000 (USD 645,256 or EUR 560,898) to assist 60,000
beneficiaries. Budget was revised to CHF 578,000 (USD 445,129 EUR 373,265)
as of 27 June 2003.
Appeal coverage: 90.1%
Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) Allocated: None
The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 180 countries. For more information: www.ifrc.org
At the request of Kenya Red Cross Society, the Federation launched an emergency appeal on 8 May 2003 to assist 60,000 people affected by severe floods. This operation formed part of an overall Government of Kenya Appeal for which the Kenya Red Cross was nominated lead agency for the distribution of all non-food items.
The Kenya Red Cross Society received contributions in cash and kind and organized distributions to all affected areas throughout the country. This is the final report on the floods operation and covers the period 8 May to 31 July 2003, and provides a complete overview of the items distributed by the Kenya Red Cross up to 22 July 2003, and the current position of stock in relation to the Federation Appeal. Some donors preferred to respond to the Federation's Appeal bilaterally. T he Federation will not be able to produce a financial report on these bilateral contributions; the original budget of the Appeal has been reduced by the value of the bilateral contributions.
Many parts of the country experienced heavy rainfall in mid April through to May; the highest cumulative rainfall i n many years was also recorded in April. The most affected areas were:
- Districts in western Kenya close to
Lake Victoria (Busia, Nyando, Kisumu, Rachuonyo and Migori) where severe
flooding damaged newly planted crops and significantly affected the 2003
crop harvest; the early warning unit of the Ministry of Agriculture and
Livestock Development warned of possible food in security among farm households
in the lowland areas of Western Kenya.
- The Coast province and the southern parts of Garissa where communities living along river Tana were displaced after the river broke its banks.
Few cases of malaria, cholera and diarrhoea were reported in the flooded districts. An upsurge of malaria was reported in Nandi, West Pokot and Uasin Gishu districts which were not affected by the floods.
Ironically, at the height of the floods, parts of southern Kenya, including Eastern province and parts of Kajiado, Isiolo and Samburu districts received rainfall that was well below average. The long rains also ended earlier than usual in Central, Eastern and Coast Provinces despite having started late.
The Kenya Red Cross Society, the UN, and MSF-Spain, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health distributed shelter materials and sanitation items to the affected families. See distribution table below for more details.
Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement -- Principles and initiatives
The Kenya Red Cross Society was the lead agency coordinating relief interventions with technical back up from the Federation. The warehouse at the Kenya Red Cross Society headquarters acted as the centre for channelling support from other humanitarian agencies before being distributed to the beneficiaries. Logistical support was given by the Kenya Army both by air and road; two consignments of 14.7 MT of relief items were airlifted to Kisumu and five military trucks used to transport items from Nairobi to Kisumu for distribution. The airlifted items were later transported from Kisumu to the army base in Hakati (Budalangi) for distribution in the camps (refer to the distribution table for more details).
Objective: To prevent and control the spread of malaria.
The Kenya Red Cross Society distributed a total of 16,292 mosquito nets to the affected families; there are no outstanding needs for this item. Red Cross volunteers previously trained in the use of spray pumps during the 2002 floods carried out indoor residual spraying. Volunteers assisted communities with the fumigation of houses to prevent possible malaria outbreaks.
The active social mobilization of volunteers in disseminating malaria control and prevention information led to quick uptake by communities; who actively undertook prevention activities like grass cutting and pouring of high speed oil in stagnant water. Coupled with the distribution of mosquito nets this helped contain malaria outbreaks.
Delays in honoring pledges hindered timely distribution of relief items to the victims. The disruption of normal community structures hampered effective social mobilization; some people could not be reached by malaria prevention awareness campaigners thus remained ignorant of preventive measures.
Water and Sanitation
Objective 1: To minimize the risk and outbreak of water borne diseases and improve access to safe water.
The Kenya Red Cross Society distributed 166,883 water purification tablets; there are no outstanding needs for this i t em. A donation of 1,000 water filter kits by UNICEF went along way in ensuring long-term availability of clean water for the flood-affected communities. A donation of 80,000 bars of soap by the Danish Red Cross through the Federation met all the requirements for this item. Eleven water tanks with a combined capacity of 56,000 litres were used to store purified truck water provided for the flood victims in Busia by the army. Eight mobile latrines and 20 toilet slabs erected in Busia ensured good hygiene was maintained and that the water system remained uncontaminated.
The beneficiaries were able to gain access to clean water. Outbreak of water-borne and other infectious diseases was largely contained. The sanitary facilities offered to the victims n i Budalangi met the minimum hygiene standards requirements.
Some cultural practices made it difficult to promote good health and sanitation.
Objective 2: To provide water containers for the affected families.
A total of 14,850 jerry cans were distributed by the Kenya Red Cross Society, providing the displaced with containers for storing water. This promoted hygiene and reduced incidences of disease outbreaks.
After the Kenya Army that was instrumental in providing the affected community in Budalangi with treated water moved out. T his responsibility was handed over to the civil authorities who had very limited capacity, in providing adequate clean water and sanitation facilities.
Distribution of emergency relief items
Objective: To provide blankets for warmth to the victims of the floods.
The Kenya Red Cross Society distributed 22,428 of the required 60,000 blankets. The balance was contributed to the government of Kenya by other bilateral partners directly appeal leaving no outstanding needs for this item.
Cases of infections resulting from colds were minimised.
Standardization was hard to achieve due to the different qualities of blankets donated locally.
Objective: To provide shelter material (tarpaulin) for 10,000 families.
The Kenya Red Cross Society distributed 7,416 tarpaulins donated by the Finnish Red Cross and DFID. The Kenya Red Cross also distributed 340 kitchen sets which were part of an Appeal of the government of Kenya.
During the onset of the emergency, the tarpaulins were the most needed relief items due to the continued rains and the resultant cold weather in various parts of the country. These enabled the victims to erect temporary shelter against the elements.
Due to the family size of the affected population, one tarpaulin per household was inadequate.
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