Kenya

Kenya: Electoral violence - Operations Update No. 33

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Situation Report
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The Kenya Red Cross Society's mission is to build capacity and respond with vigor, compassion and empathy to those affected by disaster and at risk, in the most effective and efficient manner. It works closely with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, which is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

This Operations Update (no. 33/2008) reflects the information available at this time.

Appeal History:

On 4th January 2008, the Kenya Red Cross Society issued a Preliminary Appeal No. 1/2008 for Ksh 957,127,906 (US$ 15.4 million) to assist 500,000 beneficiaries for one (1) month. Visit http://www.kenyaredcross.org for information on the appeal narrative and budge.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

- Mr. Abbas Gullet, Secretary General, Kenya Red Cross Society, Email; gullet.abbas@kenyaredcross.org Phone 254.20.60.35.93; 254.20.3950.000 Fax 254.20.60.35.89

- Dr. James Kisia, Deputy Secretary General, Kenya Red Cross Society, Email; kisia.james@kenyaredcross.org Phone 254.20.60.35.93; 254.20.3950.000 Fax 254.20.60.35.89

- Mr. Anthony Mwangi, Public Relations Manager, Kenya Red Cross Society, Email; info@kenyaredcross.org Phone 254.20.60.35.93; 254.20.3950.000 Fax 254.20.60.35.89

All Kenya Red Cross Society assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning the Kenya Red Cross Society programmes or operations, or for a full description of the Society's profile, please access the Kenya Red Cross Society Website at http://www.kenyaredcross.org or the Federation's Website at http://www.ifrc.org

Operational Summary

In Nyanza/Western Region, the distribution programme in the informal settlements was successful, unlike the past experiences where there were challenges of crowd control. Kenya Red Cross teams also assisted a number of IDPs who had returned to their homes. The transitory camp in Kakamega has been closed. Tracing of missing persons progress well countrywide with more children reunited with their parents. Mobilie health clinics continued to treat ailing IDPs in Nakuru, Eldoret, Kisumu and other parts of the country. This service helps to ensure every IDP received medical attention. WatSan teams moved from camp to camp ensuring that the sanitation systems were in order and proposed further enhancements and latrine additions where there were gaps.

Situation

A state of normalcy has prevailed in most schools in the North Rift Region as displaced teachers have returned following improved security in some areas. In most schools, students have reported back to class except those in IDP camps. For accountability, SNV and Kenya Red Cross will attach a person in the schools within the camps. At least 315 allocated plots have been occupied at the new site. The IDPs have moved from Arnesens High School and normalcy is resuming at the school.

In Nyanza Region, renewed tension had been reported along Sotik -Borabu border with one house being burned on the night of 4th March 2008 at Chebugon. The worst affected areas were Chebugon, Burgei, Kokwon and Gelegele. It was reported that several people along the border had been displaced, though not in formal camps. Security forces have been deployed to maintain law and order along the border and no casualties have been reported.

Red Cross Action - objectives and progress

Goal: To provide emergency relief services to 500,000 people to mitigate the impact of post-election conflict.

Objective 1: To provide Non-Food items to IDPs as a result of election violence.

Progress

In Nyanza/Western Region, the distribution programme in the informal settlements was successful, unlike the past experiences where there were challenges of crowd control. Kenya Red Cross and WFP were involved in relief distribution in rural areas to assist IDPs who returned to Nyanza/Western Region. The Kenya Red Cross and WFP teams also moved to Vihiga and Kakamega districts in Western Region where a number of people have returned. The teams made distributions in Nyando and Rachuonyo while assessment was conducted in other areas to verify the number of people who have returned. Further, non-food items were distributed to Busia Branch, including mosquito nets, bars of soap, PUR, Aqua tabs and chlorine powder.

In the South Rift Region, Kenya Red Cross distributed tarpaulins, blankets, water buckets, maize flour, sugar, baked beans, vegetable oil, and H.E.B biscuits to IDPs at the Sotik-Borabu boarder. In Nakuru, visitors from Kenya Business Training Institute were received at Afraha Stadium. In addition, distribution of toiletries was done to the youth. At the ASK showground, Kenya Red Cross pitched 100 tents and repaired eight others. At least 157 families were allocated tents at the ASK showground with some families returning to their ancestral land.

Objective 3: Provide Restoration of Family Links

Progress

In Nyanza/Western Region, a Tracing Request form was opened by a student from Kericho who was sent home for fees and on arrival found that her mother's house was burnt down and her whereabouts was not known. The Tracing officers assisted by drafting a letter to the principal of the school to allow her continue with her education as the team tries to trace the mother. She was provided with transport costs to return to the school, Saseta Secondary School. A team of 7 volunteers followed up the already registered Tracing Requests. The Tracing team in Kisumu also followed up registered cases. The team set on to locate the homes of two minors who have been in Moi Stadium and Juvenile Remand Home, respectively. Their homes are in Gem and Maseno.

The Tracing team in Nyanza/Western Region comprising the Tracing Assistant and one volunteer proceeded to Homa Bay for various activities. They visited Homa Bay Cathedral Church for needs assessment, then the Divine Mercy Children's Home where they registered no case. They later proceeded to the District Children's Office to familiarize themselves with the Tracing activities. The team finally registered seven minors at Asumbi Children's Home in Homa Bay. The team went to Kakamega to follow up three unaccompanied minors who were in Kakamega Police Station and later to the children's home, where they took their photos for filing purposes. The father of one of the minors responded positively and was to pick the daughter. A handover exercise was to be done by the Kakamega Branch.

In South Rift Region, the Tracing team followed a case in Keroka, Kisii, to bring children for a family re-unification at the ASK showground on 7th March 2008.

The Tracing coordinator from the Headquarters facilitated a workshop on child protection held at Graceland hotel on 6th March 2008 that was organized by the Department of Children Service, UNICEF and Save the Children. Registration of all separated children was to be done with permission from the Ministry of Social Services who had come up with a common tool for all the agencies concerned. The Kenya Red Cross Tracing format was accepted, hence the teams were going to use the format. It was agreed that placement of children in the Children Care Institution be done with the coordination of the District Children Officer. This followed discussions with the National Tracing Officer and the Provincial Children Officer.

Objective 4: To contribute to reduction in mortality and morbidity/injuries/any form of trauma among vulnerable populations affected by post-election related violence.

Progress

In the North Rift Region, Kenya Red Cross has been conducting a 24-hour medical service at Eldoret Showground with the support from IMC and the government, while a 24-hour standby ambulance fuelled by IMC has been available at the district hospital. WHO conducted the second nutrition assessment for children below 5 years in partnership with UNICEF and other partners. MOH reports indicated that there has been a shortage of personnel as those deployed at the Eldoret Showground had been redeployed elsewhere. Partners were therefore encouraged to offer human resource support. WHO, Oxfam, Kenya Red Cross and other partners were involved in activities to curb jigger infestation and environmental impacts by spraying the camps. The Municipal Council promised to offer cemetery services for IDPs at a fee of Ksh 500 for children and Ksh 1,000 for adults.

In Afraha Stadium, counsellors engaged the IDPs in individual counselling except for youth and children who received group therapies. A total of 26 young men and women were debriefed and issues raised included stress, depression and fear of the future, insecurity, families breaking and loss of important documents that need replacement such as IDs. Women requested for family planning services to control unwanted pregnancies in the camps.

In Nyanza/Western Region, the health team reached 60 people at Moi Stadium, while at the Bible Society of Kenya in Kisumu 30 people received treatment, three children were given Vitamin A Supplementation, while three people were given booster OPR, five children were screened for malnutrition. There were two referrals and 16 female of reproductive age given sanitary towels. At least 47 clients were served at Afraha Stadium, majority of them suffering from malaria and upper respiratory track infections. Distributions were only made to persons with special needs.

Objective 6: To provide access to sanitation and hygiene promotion facilities for an estimated 500,000 IDPs and other post-elections affected individuals.

Progress

In Burnt Forest camp in Rift Valley, an agreement was reached to relocate the toilets from the water pipeline to a site to be decided. The Ministry of Water will cover the costs of relocation and construction of new toilets. The large population at the Eldoret Showground necessitated the cleaning of latrines three times a day so as to improve sanitation standards. The Eldoret Municipal Council compacted wastes at the dumping site.

More donations were received towards hygiene promotion (detergents and protective gear) from MoH and OXFAM GB. The items donated to Hygiene Promotion Office included 50 (20-litre) rigid jerricans and 50 (10-litre) buckets with lids from Kisumu District Water office for distribution in Koru IDP Camps. The WatSan team purified drinking water at Moi Stadium, ACK, Kakamega, Ekerenyo and Keroka Camps. Further, bladder tanks of 15,000 litres were installed in Elementaita Police Post and Naivasha camp with tap stands. 25 plastic bins and 30 metallic bins were taken to Naivasha Stadium.

In Nyanza, the health team conducted health promotion messages at St. Stephen's ACK Church and Moi Stadium. The messages included health education, deforming of children, demonstration and issuing of condoms, water treatment chemicals such as aqua tabs. The WatSan Team worked on pits at Kondele Police Station, as well as Ekerenyo and Keroka where there is need for updating of more mobilets. The WatSan Officer took water treatment products and disinfectants to Busia, and also assessed the situation in the IDP camps. There is need for more mobilets in Kakamega IDP Camp.

Partnership and Coordination

In Nyanza, new stakeholders joined a team of UN agencies to support Kenya Red Cross. The USAID team was in Kakamega and Kisumu to witness a successful slum distribution programme. ICRC and WFP supported Kenya Red Cross with logistics during distribution exercise in the informal settlements. Other patners continue to support Kenya Red Cross in form of food,non-food, health and other activities.

The coordination has been good with MoH, Merlin and ADRA providing medical supplies and personnel, IOM and World Vision providing transport for IDPs, ICRC providing logistics and Tracing services, WFP providing food and logistics, while UNICEF, UNHCR, Care-Kenya, Ogra Foundation and Concern World Wide are involved in the Emergency Operations.

A workshop sponsored by Save the Children and Kenya Red Cross on basic teacher training was held at Kenmosa village with 19 volunteer teachers being trained, three ECD and 20 primary school.

The civil society with the help of the government held two reconciliation meetings with elders in North Rift covering five districts during the past week, while two more meetings were held with the youth. Plans were underway to visit Burnt Forest, Jua Kali, Maili Nne, Turbo Marura and Chebulet areas, all in Uasin Gishu.

ICRC Support: Since the beginning of the crisis, ICRC has been working closely with its counterparts at the Kenya Red Cross, both at Headquarters and in the field, providing technical assistance and expertise, particular in the fields of tracing, water and sanitation, logistics and security. It has provided essential household items, tarpaulins and water and sanitation equipment, as well as medical supplies, an emergency surgical team and forensics expertise. It has full time staff working with Kenya Red Cross in Bungoma, Eldoret, Nakuru and Kisumu, and has deployed 13 trucks and trailers, 17 light vehicles, two aircrafts and a helicopter to provide a backbone to the Red Cross logistics operations in Kenya.